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Jerome of Prague and the Foundations of the Hussite Movement$
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Thomas A. Fudge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190498849

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498849.001.0001

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Jerome as a Wyclifite Thinker

Jerome as a Wyclifite Thinker

(p.34) 2 Jerome as a Wyclifite Thinker
Jerome of Prague and the Foundations of the Hussite Movement

Thomas A. Fudge

Oxford University Press

The period between 1380 and 1410 marks a watershed in the intellectual history of Charles University, and there is sufficient evidence to sustain the argument that the same period marks the apex in the history of philosophy in the Czech lands. The role of the Czech intellectual Matěj Janov is contextualized. This chapter outlines why this was so and identifies the philosophical phantoms that haunted theological inquiry and produced heresy. The conflict over universals and divine Ideas created (or was a major component in the creation of) the Hussite reform as it came to shape in terms of both philosophy and theology. The controversy between realism and nominalism is also placed in context and the role of Jean Gerson is explicated. The chapter reveals Jerome’s role in numerous confrontations that were thought dangerous to the faith, and it provides evidence for his reputation as a Wyclifite thinker at the forefront of academic discourse across Europe.

Keywords:   philosophy, divine Ideas, Wyclifite, heresy, Gerson, Matěj Janov

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