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Choice of Law$

Symeon C. Symeonides

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190496722

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496722.001.0001

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(p.705) Appendix List of Choice-of-Law Codifications, EU Regulations, and Conventions

(p.705) Appendix List of Choice-of-Law Codifications, EU Regulations, and Conventions

Source:
Choice of Law
Author(s):

Symeon C. Symeonides

Publisher:
Oxford University Press

I. Codifications

  • AFGHANISTAN: Civil Code of the Republic of Afghanistan, arts. 3–35 (1977).

  • ALBANIA: Law No. 10428 of 2 July 2011 on Private International Law.

  • ALGERIA: Algerian Civil Code, arts. 9–24, as amended by Ordinance No. 75-58 of 26 September 1975.

  • ANGOLA: Civil Code of Angola, arts. 14–63, Law-Decree 496 of 25 November 1977.

  • ARGENTINA: Anteproyecto de Código Civil y Commercial de la Nación (2012) by Commisión de Reformas decreto presidencial 191/2011, arts. 2594–2671.

  • ARMENIA: Civil Code of Armenia as adopted in 1998, Division 12, arts. 1253–1293.

  • AUSTRIA: Bundesgesetz vom 15. 6. 1978 über das internationale Privatrecht, as subsequently amended.

  • AZERBAIJAN: Law of 6 June 2000 on Private International Law.

  • BELARUS: Civil Code of Belarus (Law of 7 December 1998, as amended as of December 28, 2009), arts. 1093–1136.

  • BELGIUM: Code de droit international privé (Loi du 16 juillet 2004).

  • BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA: [Former Yugoslav] Act of 15 July 1982 on the Resolution of Conflicts of Laws with Laws and Regulations of Other Countries in Certain Matters.

  • BULGARIA: Bulgarian Private International Law Code (Law No. 42 of 2005 as amended by Law No. 59 of 2007).

  • BURKINA FASO: Code of Persons and Family, arts. 988–1050 (Law VII 0013 of 19 November 1989).

  • BURUNDI: Code of Persons and Family, arts. 1–10, 94 (Decree-Law No. 1/1 of 15 January 1980 as revised by Decree-Law No. 1/024 of 28 April 1993).

  • (p.706) CAPE VERDE: Civil Code of Cape Verde, arts. 14–63, re-enacted by Legislative Decree No. 12-C/97 of June 30, 1997.

  • CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: Law No. 65-71 of 3 June 1965 regarding the obligatory force of laws and the conflict of laws in time and space, arts. 38–45.

  • CHAD: Ordinance No. 6 of 21 March 1967 for the Reform of Judicial Organization, arts. 70–72.’

  • CHINA: Statute of Application of Law to Foreign Civil Relations, adopted at the 17th session of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People’s Congress on October 28, 2010.

  • CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE: Family Code, arts. 38–39, 155, 819-832 (Law No. 073/1984 of 17.10.1984).

  • COSTA RICA: Civil Code of Costa Rica arts. 23–30, as revised by Law No. 7020 of 6 January 1986.

  • CROATIA: [Former Yugoslav] Act of 15 July 1982 on the Resolution of Conflicts of Laws with Laws and Regulations of Other Countries in Certain Matters.

  • CUBA: Civil Code of 1987, arts. 11–21, adopted by Law No. 59 of 16 July 1987.

  • CZECH REPUBLIC: Law No. 91 of 25 January 2012 on Private International Law, effective January 1, 2014.

  • CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Act 97 of 1963 on Private International law and Procedure.

  • EAST TIMOR: Civil Code of East Timor, arts. 13–62, re-enacted by Law No. 10/2011 of 14 September 2011.

  • ECUADOR: Ecuador Civil Code as revised by Law of 10 May 2005, arts. 13–17, 43, 91–93, 103, 129, 137, 139, 1019, 1057–1058, 1087–1089, and 2337.

  • EL SALVADOR: Civil Code of El Salvador, arts. 14–18, 53–55, 617, 740, 966, 994–995, 1021, 1333, and 2160, as revised by Law-Decree No. 724, 30/09/1999.

  • ESTONIA: Private International Law Act of 27 March 2002.

  • FINLAND: Act on Law Applicable to Sale of Goods of International Character of 1964; Marriage Act (Act 234/1929, as amended); Code of Inheritance (Act 40/1965 as amended).

  • FYROM: (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia): Private International Law Act of 4 July 2007.

  • GABON: Civil Code arts. 25–77 (Law No. 15/1972 of 29.7.1972 adopting Part I of Civil Code).

  • GEORGIA: Act No. 1362 of 29 April 1998 on Private International Law.

  • GERMANY: Gesetz zur Neuregelung des IPR vom 25.7.1986; Gesetz zum IPR für außervertragliche Schuldverhältnisse und das Sachenrecht vom 21.5.1999.

  • GUATEMALA: Ley del Organism Judicial, arts. 21–35 (Decreto 2-89, of 18.3.1989).

  • GUINEA-BISSAU: Civil Code of Guinea-Bissau, arts. 14–65, re-enacted by Guinea-Bissau Law No. 1/73 of 27 September 1973.

  • HUNGARY: Law-Decree No. 13 of 1979 on Private International Law.

  • ITALY: Act No. 218 of 31 May 1995 (Riforma del sistema italiano di diritto internazionale privato).

  • JAPAN: Law No. 10 of 1898 as Newly Titled and Amended on 21 June 2006, effective 1 January 2007, on the General Rules of Application of Laws.

  • JORDAN: Jordanian Civil Code of 1 August 1976, arts. 1–3, 11–29.

  • KAZAKHSTAN: Civil Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, arts. 1158–1124, enacted by Law No. 409-1 ZRK of July 1, 1999.

  • KOREA (NORTH): The Law of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea on External Civil Relations, adopted by Resolution No. 62 of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly on September 6, 1995, and amended by Decree No. 251 of the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly on December 10, 1998;

  • (p.707) KOREA (SOUTH): Law 6465 of 7 April 2001, Amending the Conflict of Laws Act of the Republic of Korea.

  • KYRGYZSTAN: Law of 5 January 1998 revising Civil Code arts. 1167–1208.

  • LATVIA: Latvian Civil Code (1993), arts. 8–25.

  • LIECHTENSTEIN: Private International Law Act of 1996.

  • LITHUANIA: Civil Code of the Republic of Lithuania of 2000, arts. 1.10–1.62.

  • LOUISIANA: Book IV of the Louisiana Civil Code, enacted by La. Act No. 923 of 1991.

  • MACAU: Civil Code of Macau, arts. 13–62, Approved by Law-Decree No. 39/99 of 3 August 1999.

  • MADAGASCAR: Arts. 20–35, Ordonnance No. 62-041 du 19 septembre 1962 relative aux dispositions générales de droit interne et de droit international privé, complétée par la loi no. 98-019 du 2 décembre 1998.

  • MAURITANIA: Code des Obligations et des Contrats, arts 6–11 (Ordonnance no. 89-126 du 14 septembre 1989).

  • MEXICO: Arts. 12–15, 29–34, 2736–2738 of Civil Code for the Federal District in Ordinary Matters and for the Entire Republic in Federal Matters, as amended by Decree of 11 December 1987.

  • MOLDOVA: Moldova Civil Code (Law 1107 of June 6, 2002), arts. 1578–1625.

  • MONGOLIA: Mongolian Civil Code, arts. 539–552, enacted January 2, 2002.

  • MONTENEGRO: [Former Yugoslav] Act of 15 July 1982 on the Resolution of Conflicts of Laws with Laws and Regulations of Other Countries in Certain Matters.

  • MOZAMBIQUE: Mozambique Civil Code, arts. 14–65, enacted by Portuguese Ordinance No. 22,869 of 4 September 1967.

  • NETHERLANDS: Act of 19 May 2011 adopting and implementing Book 10 (Private International Law) of the Dutch Civil Code.

  • OREGON: Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 15.300—15.380 (2001); Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 15.400B15.460 (2009).

  • PANAMA: Panama Civil Code, arts. 1, 5–8, 631–632, 765–770, as revised by Law No. 18 of 1992.

  • PARAGUAY: Civil Code of Paraguay as revised by Law No. 1183 of 18 December 1985, arts. 11–26, 101, 132–136, 163–167, 177–178, 297, 699, 1196, 1199, 2184, 2447–2448, 2609, and 2626; Law 5393 of 2015 Regarding the Applicable Law to International Contracts.

  • PERU: Peruvian Civil Code of 1984, Book X, arts. 2046–2111.

  • POLAND: Act of Private International Law of 4 February 2011.

  • PORTUGAL: Portuguese Civil Code, arts. 14–65, as revised in 1966 and subsequently.

  • PUERTO RICO: Proyecto de Ley para la Revisión y Reforma del Código Civil De Puerto Rico, Libro Séptimo (Derecho Internacional Privado), 25 de mayo 2002.

  • QATAR: Arts. 10–38 of the Civil Code of Qatar, as amended by law 22/2004 of 8 August 2004.

  • QUEBEC: L.Q. 1991, ch. 64, composing Book Ten of the Quebec Civil Code (arts. 3076–3168).

  • ROMANIA: Law No. 105 of 22 September 1992 on the Settlement of Private International Law Relations.

  • RUSSIA: Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Part III, arts. 1186–1224, enacted by Federal law no. 146 of 26 November 2001.

  • RWANDA: Law no. 42/1988 (Preliminary Title and First Book of the Civil Code) in force since May 1, 1992.

  • SENEGAL: Family Code of Senegal, arts. 840–854, Law No. 76-61 of June 1972.

  • SERBIA: Serbian Ministry of Justice Draft of July 20, 2012 on Private International Law Code.

  • SLOVAKIA: Czechoslovakian Act 97 of 1963 (effective April 12, 1964) on Private International Law and Procedure, as subsequently amended

  • (p.708) SLOVENIA: Private International Law and Procedure Act of 30 June 1999.

  • SOMALIA: Civil Code of Somalia, arts. 10–28, Law no. 37 of 2 July 1973.

  • SPAIN: Spanish Civil Code, arts. 8–16, as revised in 1974 and subsequently.

  • SUDAN: Civil Code of Sudan, arts. 10–16, 655, 684, Law of 24 May 1971 as amended by Law of 14 February 1984.

  • SWITZERLAND: Bundesgesetz über das Internationale Privatrecht (IPRG) vom 18. Dezember 1987—Loi féderale sur le droit international privé (LDIP) du 18 décembre 1987.

  • TAIWAN: Act Governing the Application of Laws in Civil Matters Involving Foreign Elements, promulgated on May 26, 2010.

  • TAJIKISTAN: Civil Code of the Republic of Tajikistan, arts. 1191–1234, enacted by Law No. 3 of March 1, 2005.

  • TUNISIA: Code of Private International Law (Law No. 98-97 of 27 November 1998).

  • TURKEY: Law No. 5718 of 27 November 2007 adopting the Turkish Code of Private International Law and International Civil Procedure.

  • U.A.E. (United Arab Emirates): Code of Civil Transactions of the United Arab Emirates, arts. 1–3, 10–18.

  • UKRAINE: Law of 23 June 2005 No. 2709-IV on Private International Law, as subsequently amended.

  • UNITED KINGDOM: Private International Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act of 8 November 1995 (c 42).

  • URUGUAY: Proyecto de Ley General de Derecho Internacional Privado, 19.1.2009

  • UZBEKISTAN: Civil Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan, arts. 1158–1199, enacted by Law 257-I of 29.08.1996.

  • VENEZUELA: Act of 6 August, 1998 on Private International Law.

  • VIETNAM: Civil Code of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 1995, Arts. 826–838.

  • YEMEN: Law of 29 March 1992 on Private International Law.

  • YUGOSLAVIA: Act of 15 July 1982 on the Resolution of Conflicts of Laws with Laws and Regulations of Other Countries in Certain Matters.

II. EU Regulations (and Conventions)

  • BRUSSELS CONVENTION: Brussels Convention of 27 September 1968 on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters.

  • LUGANO CONVENTION: Convention on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters, Done at Lugano on 16 September 1988.

  • BRUSSELS I REGULATION: European Community Council Regulation (EC) No. 44/2001 of 22 December 200 on Jurisdiction and the Recognition of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters.

  • BRUSSELS IIBIS (IIA) REGULATION: Council Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 of 27 November 2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility.

  • INSOLVENCY REGULATION: Council Regulation (EC) No 1346/2000 of 29 May 2000 on Insolvency Proceedings.

  • MAINTENANCE REGULATION: Council Regulation (EC) No 4/2009 of 18 December 2008 on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions and Cooperation in Matters Relating to Maintenance Obligations.

  • (p.709) ROME I REGULATION: Regulation (EC) No. 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations (Rome I).

  • ROME II REGULATION: Regulation (EC) No. 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the Law Applicable to Non-Contractual Obligations (Rome II).

  • ROME III REGULATION: Council Regulation (EU) No 1259/2010 of 20 December 2010 implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce and legal separation.

  • SUCCESSIONS REGULATION: Regulation (EU) No 650/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on jurisdiction, applicable law, recognition and enforcement of decisions and acceptance and enforcement of authentic instruments in matters of succession and on the creation of a European Certificate of Succession.

III. Hague Conventions

  • ACCESS TO JUSTICE: Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice.

  • ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES: Hague Convention of 2 October 1973 concerning the International Administration of the Estates of Deceased Persons.

  • ADOPTION: Hague Convention of15 November 1965 on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions.

  • ADOPTION: Hague Convention of 29 May 1993 on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption.

  • AGENCY: Hague Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Agency.

  • CHILD ABDUCTION: Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.

  • CHILD SUPPORT: Hague Convention of 23 November 2007 on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance.

  • CHOICE OF COURT: Hague Convention of 30 June 2005 on Choice of Court Agreements.

  • DIVORCE: Hague Convention of1 June 1970 on the Recognition of Divorces and Legal Separations.

  • EVIDENCE: Hague Convention of18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters.

  • FOREIGN JUDGMENTS: Hague Convention of 1 February 1971 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters.

  • LEGALIZATION: Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents.

  • MAINTENANCE: Hague Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations.

  • MAINTENANCE (PROTOCOL): Hague Protocol of 23 November 2007 on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations.

  • MATRIMONIAL PROPERTY: Hague Convention of 14 March 1978 on the Law Applicable to Matrimonial Property Regimes.

  • MARRIAGE: Hague Convention of 14 March 1978 on Celebration and Recognition of the Validity of Marriages.

  • PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY: Hague Convention of 19 October 1996 on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children.

  • (p.710) PRODUCTS LIABILITY: Hague Convention of 2 October 1973 on the Law Applicable to Products Liability.

  • SALES: Hague Convention of 22 December 1986 on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods.

  • PROTECTION OF ADULTS: Hague Convention of 13 January 2000 on the International Protection of Adults.

  • PROTECTION OF INFANTS: Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 concerning the Powers of Authorities and the Law Applicable in Respect of the Protection of Infants.

  • SECURITIES: Hague Convention of 5 July 2006 on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in Respect of Securities held with an Intermediary.

  • SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS: Hague Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters.

  • SUCCESSIONS: Hague Convention of 1 August 1989 on the Law Applicable to Succession to the Estates of Deceased Persons.

  • TESTAMENTARY FORM: Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 on the Conflicts of Laws Relating to the Form of Testamentary Dispositions.

  • TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS: Hague Convention of 4 May 1971 on the Law Applicable to Traffic Accidents.

  • TRUSTS: Hague Convention of 1 July 1985 on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition.

IV. Inter-American Conventions

  • ADOPTION: Inter-American Convention on Conflict of Laws concerning the Adoption of Minors (1984).

  • ARBITRATION: Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration (1975).

  • BILLS OF EXCHANGE: Inter-American Convention on Conflict of Laws concerning Bills of Exchange, Promissory Notes, and Invoices (1975).

  • CAPACITY: Inter-American Convention on Personality and Capacity of Juridical Persons in Private International Law (1984).

  • CARRIAGE OF GOODS: Inter-American Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (1989).

  • CARRIAGE OF GOODS: Negotiable Inter-American Uniform Through Bill of Lading for the International Carriage of Good by Road (2002).

  • CARRIAGE OF GOODS: Non-negotiable Inter-American Uniform Through Bill of Lading for the International Carriage of Good by the Road (2002).

  • CHECKS: Inter-American Convention on Conflict of Laws concerning Checks (1975).

  • CHECKS: Inter-American Convention on Conflicts of Laws concerning Checks (1979).

  • CONTRACTS: See “Mexico City Convention.”

  • COMPANIES: Inter-American Convention on Conflicts of Laws concerning Commercial Companies (1979).

  • DOMICILE: Inter-American Convention on the Domicile of Natural Persons in Private International Law (1979).

  • EVIDENCE: Inter-American Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad (1975).

  • EVIDENCE PROTOCOL: Additional Protocol to the Inter-American Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad (1984).

  • (p.711) FOREIGN LAW PROOF: Inter-American Convention on Proof and Information on Foreign Law (1979).

  • GENERAL RULES OF PIL: Inter-American Convention on General Rules of Private International Law, Done at Montevideo, Uruguay, on May 8, 1979.

  • JUDGMENTS AND ARBITRAL AWARDS: Inter-American Convention on Extraterritorial Validity of Foreign Judgments and Arbitral Awards (1979).

  • JURISDICTION AND JUDGMENTS: Inter-American Convention on Jurisdiction in the International Sphere for the Extraterritorial Validity of Foreign Judgments (1984).

  • LETTERS ROGATORY: Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory (1975).

  • LETTERS ROGATORY PROTOCOL: Additional Protocol to the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory (1979).

  • “MEXICO CITY” CONVENTION: Inter-American Convention on the Law Applicable to International Contracts, Signed at Mexico, D.F., Mexico, on March 17, 1994.

  • POWERS OF ATTORNEY: Inter-American Convention on the Legal Regime of Powers of Attorney to Be Used Abroad (1975).

  • PREVENTIVE MEASURES: Inter-American Convention on Execution of Preventive Measures (1979).

  • RETURN OF CHILDREN: Inter-American Convention on International Return of Children (1989).

  • SECURED TRANSACTIONS: Model Inter-American Law on Secured Transactions (2002).

  • SUPPORT: Inter-American Convention on Support Obligations (1989).

  • TRAFFIC IN MINORS: Inter-American Convention on International Traffic in Minors (1994).

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