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When Norms Collide
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When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Karisa Cloward


Many transnational campaigns, and particularly the transnational campaign on violence against women, promote international norms that target the behavior of local nonstate actors, while many of these local actors are subscribing to conflicting local norms. What happens when the international and local norms collide? When does transnational activism lead individuals and communities to abandon local norms and embrace international ones? The book presents a theoretical framework for understanding the range of local-level responses to international norm promotion and applies this framework to the ... More

Keywords: international norm, local norm, transnational activism, female genital mutilation, FGM, early marriage, Kenya, Maasai, Samburu

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780190274917
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Karisa Cloward, author
Assistant Professor of Political Science, Southern Methodist University