The Outward Policy
Chapter 2 details why and how John Vorster sought to bolster new ideological foundations for Afrikaner nationalism through reaching out to independent Africa. The first part explores the mechanics of his outward policy on the diplomatic level and why some African leaders engaged with South Africa’s outreach. The second then turns to the underlying conceptual dimension: Vorster’s efforts to launch concepts that might underpin long-term security and viability at home, and the reception of these by different sectors of Afrikanerdom. Finally, the chapter explains both why the outward policy unravelled and why there nevertheless remained a strong impetus in Pretoria to continue reaching out to independent Africa.
Keywords: Apartheid, decolonization, foreign policy, outward policy, John Vorster, independent Africa, postcolonial, development, anticommunism, state sovereignty, Malawi, Israel, Organisation for African Unity
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