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A World of Three CulturesHonor, Achievement and Joy$
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Miguel E. Basáñez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190270360

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.001.0001

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Empirical Profiles of the Three Cultures

Empirical Profiles of the Three Cultures

Chapter:
(p.115) 5 Empirical Profiles of the Three Cultures
Source:
A World of Three Cultures
Author(s):

Miguel E. Basáñez

Ronald F. Inglehart

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.003.0006

This chapter discusses the specific values that comprise each of the three major cultures, by analyzing the values that show the highest contrast between cultures of honor and achievement. Cultures of honor are characterized primarily by adherence to tradition. Religion is generally considered extremely important, and gender relations are typically inequitable (the father is considered the head of the family). They also tend to be more hierarchical and authoritarian than other cultural types. Cultures of achievement are the polar opposite—they are generally egalitarian and individualistic. Secularism is considered important, and religion is not involved in the public sphere. Cultures of joy tend to occupy a middle ground between honor and achievement. They generally place a great deal of importance on quality of life and on family and social bonds.

Keywords:   values, cultures, religion, honor, achievement, joy

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