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A World of Three CulturesHonor, Achievement and Joy$

Miguel E. Basáñez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190270360

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.001.0001

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(p.295) Appendix 8 Income Distribution Ranking, Gini Coefficient (World Bank, Unless Noted)

(p.295) Appendix 8 Income Distribution Ranking, Gini Coefficient (World Bank, Unless Noted)

Source:
A World of Three Cultures
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Country

Gini

Year

1

Denmark

0.248

2011

2

Sweden

0.250

1999

3

Norway

0.258

2000

4

Slovak Republic

0.260

2009

5

Ukraine

0.264

2009

6

Finland

0.269

2000

7

Belarus

0.272

2008

8

Malta

0.274

2008

9

Serbia

0.278

2009

10

Afghanistan

0.278

2008

11

Iceland

0.280

2006

12

Bulgaria

0.282

2006

13

Germany

0.283

2000

14

Cyprus

0.290

2005

15

Kazakhstan

0.290

2009

16

Austria

0.292

2000

17

Ethiopia

0.298

2005

18

Montenegro

0.300

2008

19

Pakistan

0.300

2008

20

Romania

0.300

2008

21

European Union

0.307

2011

22

Egypt, Arab Republic

0.308

2008

23

Luxembourg

0.308

2000

24

Tajikistan

0.308

2009

25

Armenia

0.309

2008

26

Iraq

0.309

2006

27

Netherlands

0.309

1999

28

Czech Republic

0.310

2009

29

Hungary

0.312

2997

30

Slovenia

0.312

2004

31

South Korea

0.316

1998

32

Timor-Leste

0.319

2007

33

Bangladesh

0.321

2010

34

Canada

0.326

2000

35

France

0.327

1995

36

Nepal

0.328

2010

37

Belgium

0.330

2000

38

Mali*

0.330

2010

39

Moldova

0.330

2010

40

Burundi

0.333

2005

41

India

0.334

2005

42

Azerbaijan

0.337

2008

43

Croatia

0.337

2008

44

Switzerland

0.337

2008

45

Indonesia

0.340

2005

46

Poland

0.341

2009

47

Greece

0.343

2000

48

Ireland

0.343

2000

49

Togo

0.344

2006

50

Albania

0.345

2008

51

Niger

0.346

2008

52

Spain

0.347

2000

53

Australia

0.352

1994

54

Algeria

0.353

1995

55

Sudan

0.353

2008

56

Guinea-Bissau

0.355

2002

57

Jordan

0.355

2010

58

West Bank and Gaza

0.355

2009

59

Vietnam

0.356

2008

60

Syrian Arab Rep

0.358

2004

61

Estonia

0.360

2004

62

Italy

0.360

2000

63

United Kingdom

0.360

1999

64

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0.362

2007

65

Kyrgyz Republic

0.362

2009

66

New Zealand*

0.362

1997

67

Mongolia

0.365

2008

68

Latvia

0.366

2008

69

Laos

0.367

2008

70

Uzbekistan

0.367

2003

71

Maldives

0.374

2004

72

Japan

0.376

2008

73

Lithuania

0.376

2008

74

Tanzania

0.376

2006

75

Yemen, Republic

0.377

2005

76

Cambodia

0.379

2008

77

Bhutan

0.381

2006

78

Liberia

0.382

2007

79

Iran

0.383

2005

80

Portugal

0.385

1997

81

Benin

0.386

2003

82

Cameroon

0.389

2007

83

Malawi

0.390

2004

84

Mauritius

0.390

2006

85

Turkey

0.390

2008

86

Israel

0.392

2001

87

Senegal

0.392

2005

88

Guinea

0.394

2007

89

Burkina Faso

0.398

2008

90

Chad

0.398

2003

91

Thailand

0.400

2009

92

Russia

0.401

2008

93

Sri Lanka

0.403

2006

94

Trinidad and Tobago

0.403

1992

95

Mauritania

0.405

2008

96

Nicaragua

0.405

2005

97

Turkmenistan

0.408

1998

98

United States

0.408

2000

99

Morocco

0.409

2007

100

Qatar

0.411

2006

101

Georgia

0.413

2008

102

Tunisia

0.414

2005

103

Côte d’Ivoire

0.415

2008

104

Gabon

0.415

2005

105

Sierra Leone

0.425

2003

106

Saint Lucia

0.426

1995

107

Fiji

0.428

2009

108

Ghana

0.428

2006

109

Philippines

0.430

2009

110

Macedonia

0.432

2009

111

Hong Kong

0.434

1996

112

Madagascar

0.441

2010

113

Uganda

0.443

2009

114

Congo, Democratic Republic

0.444

2006

115

Argentina

0.445

2010

116

Guyana

0.445

1998

117

Venezuela*

0.448

2006

118

Uruguay

0.453

2010

119

Jamaica

0.455

2004

120

South Sudan

0.455

2009

121

Mozambique*

0.457

2008

122

Malaysia

0.462

2009

123

Dominican Republic

0.472

2010

124

Congo, Republic

0.473

2005

125

Singapore

0.473

2011

126

Gambia, The

0.475

2003

127

Kenya

0.477

2005

128

China

0.480

2009

129

Peru

0.481

2010

130

El Salvador

0.483

2009

131

Mexico

0.483

2008

132

Nigeria

0.488

2010

133

Ecuador

0.493

2010

134

Zimbabwe

0.501

1995

135

Cape Verde

0.505

2001

136

Costa Rica

0.507

2009

137

São Tome and Principe

0.508

2001

138

Rwanda

0.508

2011

139

Papua New Guinea

0.509

1996

140

Swaziland

0.515

2010

141

Panama

0.519

2010

142

Chile

0.521

2008

143

Paraguay

0.524

2010

144

Lesotho

0.525

2003

145

Suriname

0.529

1999

146

Belize

0.531

1999

147

Zambia

0.546

2006

148

Brazil

0.547

2008

149

Colombia

0.559

2010

150

Guatemala

0.559

2006

151

Bolivia

0.563

2008

152

Central African Republic

0.563

2007

153

Honduras

0.570

2009

154

Angola

0.586

2000

155

Haiti

0.592

2001

156

Botswana

0.610

1994

157

Micronesia

0.611

2000

158

South Africa

0.631

2009

159

Namibia

0.639

2004

Note: 0 = zero inequality; 1 = 1 person holds all income.

(p.296) (p.297) (p.298)

(p.299) Countries in Alphabetical Order

Afghanistan 0.278; Albania 0.345; Algeria 0.353; Angola 0.586; Argentina 0.445; Armenia 0.309; Australia 0.352; Austria 0.292; Azerbaijan 0.337; Bangladesh 0.321; Belarus 0.272; Belgium 0.330; Belize 0.531; Benin 0.386; Bhutan 0.381; Bolivia 0.563; Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.362; Botswana 0.610; Brazil 0.547; Bulgaria 0.282; Burkina Faso 0.398; Burundi 0.333; Cambodia 0.379; Cameroon 0.389; Canada 0.326; Cape Verde 0.505; Central African Republic 0.563; Chad 0.398; Chile 0.521; China 0.480; Colombia 0.559; Comoros 0.643; Congo, Democratic Republic 0.444; Congo, Republic 0.473; Costa Rica 0.507; Côte d’Ivoire 0.415; Croatia 0.337; Cyprus 0.290; Czech Republic 0.310; Denmark 0.248; Dominican Republic 0.472; Ecuador 0.493; Egypt, Arab Republic 0.308; El Salvador 0.483; Estonia 0.360; Ethiopia 0.298; European Union 0.307; Fiji 0.428; Finland 0.269; France 0.327; Gabon 0.415; Gambia, The 0.475; Georgia 0.413; Germany 0.283; Ghana 0.428; Greece 0.343; Guatemala 0.559; Guinea 0.394; Guinea-Bissau 0.355; Guyana 0.445; Haiti 0.592; Honduras 0.570; Hong Kong 0.434; Hungary 0.312; Iceland 0.280; India 0.334; Indonesia 0.340; Iran,0.383; Iraq 0.309; Ireland 0.343; Israel 0.392; Italy 0.360; Jamaica 0.455; Japan 0.376; Jordan 0.355; Kazakhstan 0.290; Keny 0.477; Kyrgyz Republic 0.362; Laos 0.367; Latvia 0.366; Lesotho 0.525; Liberia 0.382; Lithuania 0.376; Luxembourg 0.308; Macedonia 0.432; Madagascar 0.441; Malawi 0.390; Malaysia 0.462; Maldives 0.374; Mali* 0.330; Malta 0.274; Mauritania 0.405; Mauritius 0.390; Mexico 0.483; Micronesia 0.611; Moldova 0.330; Mongolia 0.365; Montenegro 0.300; Morocco 0.409; Mozambique* 0.457; Namibia 0.639; Nepal 0.328; Netherlands 0.309; New Zealand* 0.362; Nicaragua 0.405; Niger 0.346; Nigeria 0.488; Norway 0.258; Pakistan 0.300; Panama 0.519; Papua New Guinea 0.509; Paraguay 0.524; Peru 0.481; Philippines 0.430; Poland 0.341; Portugal 0.385; Qatar 0.411; Romania 0.300; Russia 0.401; Rwanda 0.508; Sao Tome and Principe 0.508; Senegal 0.392; Serbia 0.278; Seychelles 0.658; Sierra Leone 0.425; Singapore 0.473; Slovak Republic 0.260; Slovenia 0.312; South Africa 0.631; South Korea 0.316; South Sudan 0.455; Spain 0.347; Sri Lanka 0.403; Saint Lucia 0.426; Sudan 0.353; Suriname 0.529; Swaziland 0.515; Sweden 0.250; Switzerland 0.337; Syrian Arab Republic 0.358; Tajikistan 0.308; Tanzania 0.376; Thailand 0.400; Timor-Leste 0.319; Togo 0.344; Trinidad and Tobago 0.403; Tunisia 0.414; Turkey 0.390; Turkmenistan 0.408; Uganda 0.443; Ukraine 0.264; United Kingdom 0.360; United States 0.408; Uruguay 0.453; Uzbekistan 0.367; Venezuela* 0.448; Vietnam 0.356; West Bank and Gaza 0.355; Yemen, Republic 0.377; Zambia 0.546; Zimbabwe 0.501.

Source: All data are from the World Bank, except starred entries (*), which are from the CIA World Factbook.

(p.300)