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A World of Three CulturesHonor, Achievement and Joy$

Miguel E. Basáñez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190270360

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270360.001.0001

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(p.259) Appendix 1 Methodological Note for Tables 4.1–4.6

(p.259) Appendix 1 Methodological Note for Tables 4.1–4.6

Source:
A World of Three Cultures
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

  • Population (thousands): Total population in country.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, 2011 or latest available data
  • Population Density: Number of people per square kilometer.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, 2010 or latest available data
  • Gross Domestic Product, GDP (billions of $): GDP in current international dollars ($), PPP.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, 2012 or latest available data
  • GDP per Capita (dollars): In current international dollars ($), PPP.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, 2012 or latest available data
  • Agriculture (% of GDP): Value added by agriculture calculated as a % of GDP.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, latest available data
  • Industry (% of GDP): Value added by industry as a % of GDP.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, latest available data
  • Services (% of GDP): Value added by services as a % of GDP.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, latest available data
  • Gini Index: A measure of income inequality that can technically range from 0 to 100, with the smallest value equaling the least unequal country. The highest value is 66 (Seychelles) and lowest 25 (Denmark) in this data set.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators, latest available data and supplemented by data from CIA Factbook and Wikipedia where data are missing
  • Literacy rate: Percentage of adults (15 years and older) who are literate.
  • Source: World Bank World Development Indicators and CIA Factbook, latest available data
  • Gender Inequality Index (GII): Indicators used are maternal mortality ratio, adolescent fertility rate, share of national parliament seats held by women, secondary/higher educational levels, and women’s participation in the work force, and (p.260) so on. The smaller the GII, the lower inequality; in this data set the data range from 0.045 (the Netherlands) to 0.747 (Yemen). In the ranking, the higher the number, the higher the gender inequality.
  • Source: UN Development Programme, 2012 (Human Development Reports)
  • Human Development Index (HDI): Indicators used are life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling and GNI per capita (US dollar, PPP). The higher the score, the higher level of development. The score ranges from 0.955 (Norway) to 0.304 (Niger). In the ranking, the higher the number, the lower level of development.
  • Source: UN Development Programme, 2012 (Human Development Reports)
  • Freedom House Freedom Score: Constructed by summing the components of the Civil Liberties and Political Rights score (electoral processes, political pluralism and participation, functioning of government, freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights). The lower the number, the less free a country is; the data set range from a score of 100 to 2.
  • Source: Freedom in the World Sub-scores (Civil Liberties and Political Rights), 2013
  • Colonial Power: Primary colonial power—France, Great Britain, Portugal, Spain, Germany, Belgium, Italy.
  • Source: Wikipedia
  • Legal Tradition: Based on legal system—common, civil, or Islamic.
  • Source: Legal Systems of the World, Wikipedia
  • Religion Data (% of population): Percentage of population, depending on region; the data are divided by the major religious denominations. For dominant religions they are divided into subgroups, such as Catholics/Protestants (Christians) and Shiites/Sunnis (Muslim).
  • Source: CIA Factbook, The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA)
  • Objective Development Index: Composite score calculated from countries’ ranked and standardized scores on Human Development Index, Gini Index, Gender Inequality Index, and Freedom House Civil and Political freedoms score. The higher the score, the more “developed” a country is.
  • Subjective Development Index: Calculated using the World Values Survey score on the Traditional–Secular/Rational, and Survival–Self-Expression indices. Each country’s score is calculated by measuring the distance to the countries with the highest score in each index (Japan and Sweden). The higher the score, the more “developed” a country is.
  • Corruption Index: The Corruption Perceptions Index is produced annually by Transparency International, drawing on data from independent institutions specializing in governance and business climate analysis. The higher the score, the more corrupt a country is perceived to be. The global average was calculated by averaging the scores of each region.