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Perceived ControlTheory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years$
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John W. Reich and Frank J. Infurna

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190257040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.001.0001

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Foundations of Locus of Control

Foundations of Locus of Control

Looking Back over a Half-Century of Research in Locus of Control of Reinforcement

(p.147) 7 Foundations of Locus of Control
Perceived Control

Stephen Nowicki

Marshall P. Duke

Oxford University Press

Since its introduction by Julian Rotter in 1966, the construct of locus of control of reinforcement (LOC-R) appears to have evolved from a fairly clear and measurable variable into a complex system of varying definitions, measures, and applications. In this chapter, the authors review and evaluate this evolution. They first revisit the origins of LOC, then examine the adequacy and implications of the proliferation of terms like “perceived control” and others akin to it. The authors offer several examples of research paths that, in retrospect, they believe to have been salutary. Finally, based on their 45 year involvement in the study of LOC, they critically examine what they believe are the strengths and weaknesses in the literature on LOC and offer suggestions for future empirical and theoretical directions.

Keywords:   assessment, development, intervention, global locus of control, specific locus of control, history, future directions

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