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Perceived ControlTheory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years$
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John W. Reich and Frank J. Infurna

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190257040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.001.0001

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Internal Versus External Locus of Control

Internal Versus External Locus of Control

An Early History

(p.23) 2 Internal Versus External Locus of Control
Perceived Control

Bonnie R. Strickland

Oxford University Press

This chapter is a review of the early history of the internal/external (IE) locus of control concept. The theory behind the origin of the IE dimension is noted, and the development of assessment instruments to measure it, including children’s scales, is covered. The specific development of Rotter’s IE scale, which became the pre-eminent instrument for assessing IE beliefs among adults, is reviewed in some detail. Early research on IE expectancies is discussed, and the IE expectancy is compared to other considerations of “control.” Some implications for further consideration and research on this concept are offered.

Keywords:   children’s IE scale, expectancies, history, social desirability, social learning theory

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