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Perceived ControlTheory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years$
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John W. Reich and Frank J. Infurna

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190257040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.001.0001

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Seven Guideposts to the Study of Perceived Control Across the Lifespan

Seven Guideposts to the Study of Perceived Control Across the Lifespan

Chapter:
(p.309) 13 Seven Guideposts to the Study of Perceived Control Across the Lifespan
Source:
Perceived Control
Author(s):

Ellen A. Skinner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.003.0013

In celebration of the 50th anniversary of Julian Rotter’s seminal paper, this chapter gathers up important lessons learned about locus of control and other control-related constructs, including learned helplessness, self-efficacy, and causal attributions. The chapter describes the nature of perceived control as an internal working model organized around the issue of personal force, including themes of contingency, competence, and control; its motivational core in experiences of generative transmission; the multiple pathways through which control exerts its powerful effects, including motivational, emotional, cognitive, volitional, and neurophysiological mechanisms; how it is shaped by interactions with the social and physical environment; the dynamics created by the feed-forward and feedback effects of control; how the competence system develops across the life span; and limitations inherent in control constructs. The chapter ends with some thoughts about future research on dynamics, development, and interventions designed to optimize the competence system.

Keywords:   perceived control, locus of control, learned helplessness, self-efficacy, causal attributions, contingency, competence, generative transmission

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