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Perceived ControlTheory, Research, and Practice in the First 50 Years$
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John W. Reich and Frank J. Infurna

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190257040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190257040.001.0001

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Perceived Control and Depression

Perceived Control and Depression

Forty Years of Research

(p.229) 10 Perceived Control and Depression
Perceived Control

Liza M. Rubenstein

Lauren B. Alloy

Lyn Y. Abramson

Oxford University Press

This chapter chronicles the history of research on judgments of contingency and control, with a focus on the effects of depression on perceived control. The chapter discusses how Alloy and Abramson began to conceptualize the hopelessness theory of depression and depressive realism, which demonstrates that individuals with depression may be “sadder but wiser” when perceiving how much control they have in various settings. The authors review literature on perceived control in judgment of control/contingency and chance–skill tasks. There is a discussion on attributional style: specifically, how people generally exhibit a positive, optimistic bias, and individuals with depression tend to perceive the causes of events more realistically. The chapter discusses boundary constraints that impact the development of perceived control, including personal and situational factors. Finally, the authors suggest areas for future research and connections to other scientific disciplines, such as neuroeconomics.

Keywords:   depression, judgment of contingency, judgment of control, depressive realism, attributional style

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