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Madhyamaka and Yogācāra
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Madhyamaka and Yogācāra: Allies or Rivals?

Jay Garfield and Jan Westerhoff


Madhyamaka (The Middle Way School) and Yogācāra (The Meditative Practice School, also called Cittamātra [Mind Only] or Vijñanavāda (The Approach of Consciousness) are the two principal schools of Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy. Indian and Tibetan doxographies often take them to be philosophical rivals. They are grounded in distinct bodies of sutra literature and adopt what appear to be very different positions regarding the analysis of emptiness and the status of mind. Madhyamaka is known for its doctrine of the ultimate emptiness and conventional reality of all phenomena, and for treating mind ... More

Keywords: yogācāra, madhyamaka, buddhist philosophy, indian Buddhism, tibetan Buddhism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780190231286
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231286.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jay Garfield, editor
Yale-NUS College, Kwan Im Thong Hood Cho Professor of Humanities and Head of Studies in Philosophy

Jan Westerhoff, editor
University of Oxford, University Lecturer in Religious Ethics