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Myths about Women's RightsHow, Where, and Why Rights Advance$

Feryal M. Cherif

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190211172

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211172.001.0001

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(p.199) Appendix D Women’s Political Representation in Ministerial Positions, 1990–2010

(p.199) Appendix D Women’s Political Representation in Ministerial Positions, 1990–2010

Source:
Myths about Women's Rights
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3

Model 4

Model 5

Cultural Variables

Catholic

3.52**

1.76*

1.62

(1.62)

(1.02)

(1.02)

Muslim

−2.15

0.18

0.51

(1.78)

(1.02)

(1.04)

Protestant

4.72**

5.43***

5.76***

(2.33)

(1.29)

(1.28)

Est. State Religion(s)

1.23

(0.92)

Religious Courts

−0.05

(1.13)

Patrilineality

0.22

(0.91)

International Norms-Building

CEDAW t−10

−1.29

−0.01

−1.98

0.33

(1.39)

(1.41)

(2.29)

(0.94)

Years since CEDAW (logged)

0.46

(0.48)

Years since Suffrage (logged)

0.13

(0.60)

Reporting to CEDAW

1.59

(1.31)

Memberships in HR Treaties

0.73*

(0.38)

Women’s Rights Orgs.t−10 (logged)

3.51***

2.39**

0.19

(0.94)

(1.10)

(0.55)

Core Rights

Education t−10

0.12***

0.18***

0.00

0.06***

0.06***

(0.03)

(0.04)

(0.03)

(0.02)

(0.02)

Labor Force t−10

0.40**

0.31

0.17*

0.07

0.06

(0.20)

(0.20)

(0.10)

(0.06)

(0.06)

Control Variables

Democracy t−10

0.16*

0.25***

−0.08

0.01

0.01

(0.09)

(0.09)

(0.14)

(0.07)

(0.06)

GDP t−10 (logged)

3.59

0.67

0.35

−0.43

−0.33

(2.27)

(2.34)

(0.75)

(0.46)

(0.46)

% of Female Ministers t−5

0.17***

0.19***

0.56***

0.47***

0.47***

(0.05)

(0.06)

(0.07)

(0.04)

(0.04)

Constant

−48.25***

−21.75

−6.67

0.60

0.12

(17.15)

(18.05)

(6.82)

(4.10)

(4.47)

Fixed Effects

Country

Country

Year

Region & Year

Region & Year

Years

1990–2010

1990–2010

2005–2010

1990–2010

1990–2010

R-squared

0.33

0.32

0.46

0.47

0.47

Observations

568

477

247

564

565

Standard errors in parentheses.

(*) p < 0.10,

(**) p < 0.05,

(***) p < 0.01.

(p.200)