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Myths about Women's RightsHow, Where, and Why Rights Advance$

Feryal M. Cherif

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190211172

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190211172.001.0001

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(p.195) Appendix C Women’s Political Representation in National Legislatures, 1990–2010

(p.195) Appendix C Women’s Political Representation in National Legislatures, 1990–2010

Source:
Myths about Women's Rights
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(p.196)

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3

Model 4

Model 5

Model 6

Model 7

Cultural Variables

Catholic

0.54

0.47

0.66

1.57

(0.78)

(0.73)

(0.73)

(2.09)

Muslim

−1.07

−0.57

−0.63

−0.97

(0.85)

(0.78)

(0.78)

(2.16)

Protestant

0.28

0.75

0.87

5.18**

(0.97)

(0.86)

(0.87)

(2.40)

Est. State Religion(s)

0.72

(0.64)

Religious Courts

−1.18

(0.82)

Patrilineality

0.90**

1.54

(0.41)

(1.04)

International Norms-Building

CEDAW t−10

0.17

0.70

−0.63

1.63*

1.71*

0.38

(0.87)

(0.91)

(0.91)

(0.97)

(0.96)

(2.48)

Gender Eq. Institution t−10

2.36***

(0.72)

Min. of Women’s Affairs t−10

1.44*

(0.75)

Quota

5.92***

(1.58)

Years since CEDAW (logged)

−0.49

−0.09

(0.54)

(0.39)

Years since Suffrage (logged)

−0.48

(0.55)

Reporting to CEDAW

1.98**

(0.87)

Memberships in HR Treaties

−0.24

(0.27)

Women’s Rights Orgs.t−10 (logged)

2.52***

2.77***

0.27

0.78*

1.74

(0.63)

(0.80)

(0.45)

(0.41)

(1.09)

Core Rights

Education t−10

0.05**

0.09***

0.05*

−0.00

0.01

0.01

0.05***

(0.02)

(0.03)

(0.03)

(0.01)

(0.01)

(0.01)

(0.02)

Labor Force t−10

0.29**

0.41***

0.16

0.08*

0.07

0.09*

0.40***

(0.13)

(0.13)

(0.14)

(0.04)

(0.05)

(0.05)

(0.11)

Control Variables

GDP t−10 (logged)

1.17

2.33

1.25

−0.22

−0.29

(1.47)

(1.65)

(1.71)

(0.31)

(0.32)

Proportional Representation

2.68**

2.86*

2.35

1.78***

2.31***

2.31***

4.48***

(1.31)

(1.53)

(1.48)

(0.61)

(0.53)

(0.53)

(1.53)

% of Female Legislators t−5

0.39***

0.34***

0.34***

0.92***

0.82***

0.82***

(0.05)

(0.06)

(0.06)

(0.04)

(0.03)

(0.03)

Constant

−23.49**

−30.95**

−19.81

−2.67

1.72

−2.36

−16.17**

(10.92)

(12.57)

(12.87)

(2.51)

(3.45)

(2.85)

(6.52)

Fixed Effects

Country

Country

Country

Year

Region & Year

Region & Year

Years

1990–2010

1990–2010

1990–2005

2000–2010

1990–2010

1990–2010

2005

R-squared

0.49

0.43

0.46

0.78

0.72

0.72

0.45

Observations

516

424

383

362

518

516

133

Standard errors in parentheses.

(*) p < 0.10,

(**) p < 0.05,

(***) p < 0.01.

(p.197) (p.198)