Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
A Temperate EmpireMaking Climate Change in Early America$

Anya Zilberstein

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190206598

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190206598.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 21 June 2018



A Temperate Empire
Oxford University Press


British Library, London Additional MSS 8096.527, 8096.550, 8097.358, 8098.305-306, 33982.264-265

British Museum (Natural History) Sir Joseph Banks Correspondence, Dawson Turner Copies

Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections Papers of Professor Andrew Brown (1763–1834)

Georgian Archive, Royal Archives, Windsor Augusta, Princess of Wale’s Accounts, RA GEO, Box 5: Nos. 55422-55661

The Museum of English Rural Life, The University of Reading Royal Agricultural Society of England, SR RASE BI-IV (1793–1822)

National Archives, Public Record Office, Kew CO 5, CO 194/5, CO 217-218, CO 323/6, CO 388

National Library of Scotland Royal Highland & Agricultural Society of Scotland Papers, Adv. MS.73.2.13, f.27

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Library, Art, and Archives Banks Collection of Original Manuscripts, BC 2.282

Kew Record book, Vol. 1, 1793–1809, Vol. 2, 1804–1826

Royal Institution of Great Britain, Archives Benjamin Thompson, Count von Rumford Collection, GB 0116

(p.210) Canada

National Archives of Canada Joseph Frederick W. DesBarres Papers, 1762–1894, MG23-F1

Nova Scotia Museum Prescott Family Papers

Nova Scotia Archives MG 1, Vols. 3–5: Akins Family Documents, 1762–1934

MG 1, Vol. 11: Almon Family Papers

MG 1, Vol. 144: Lieutenant William Booth Papers

MG 1, Vol. 249; Vol. 3335: Cunningham Papers

MG 1, Vol. 427: Harrison Family Papers

MG 1, Vol. 438: John Huston Diaries 1787–1788, 1793–1801

MG 1, Vol. 939: Governor John Wentworth Fonds

MG 1, Vol. 1520

MG 1, Vol. 1664: Titus Smith Papers

MG 1, Vol. 1773: Miscellaneous Correspondence

MG 1, Box 1898: C. B. Ferguson Papers

MG 1, Vol. 3335: Duke of Kent, Windsor, Correspondence

MG 6, Vol. 2: Minutes for Kinds County Agricultural Society, c. 1789

MG 12, No. 1-59: Royal Engineers Fonds

MG 100, Vol. 84: Susan Dalrymple

MG 100, Vol. 100: Acadians: Concerning Their Treatment in Massachusetts, 1755

MG 100, Vol. 130: Agricultural Improvement

MG 100, Vol. 134: Description of Acadian Diking Methods

MG 100, Vol. 143: “Expulsion of the Acadians”

MG 100, Vol. 169

MG 100, Vol. 216: Timothy Ruggles

RG 1, Vol. 49-57: Wentworth Papers

RG 1, Vol. 284: Transcripts of Documents at British Library Relating to Nova Scotia Affairs, 1750–1790

RG 1, Vol. 364: John Allan Journal

RG 1, Vol. 380: Titus Smith Tours

RG 5, Series P, Vol. 51: Petitions to the House of Assembly, 1816–1828

RG 20, Series C, Vol. 34: Crown Lands, Hants County, 1763–1839

Ville de Montréal—Section des archives Recueil de lettres autographes signées du docteur J. Mervin Nooth, 1789–1799, 1902

United States

The Gray Herbarium, Botany Libraries Archives, Harvard University Cutler / Dandridge / Thorndike Papers

Manasseh Cutler Papers, 1742–1823

(p.211) Countway Library, Harvard Medical School Benjamin Waterhouse Papers, H MS c16.4

Harvard University Archives Papers of Samuel Williams, 1752–1794, HUM 8

William Dandridge Peck Papers, HUG 1677

Houghton Library, Harvard University Samuel Williams Family Papers, Ms AM 2624

Huntington Library and Archives, San Marino, CA Appleton-Foster Collection, HM 27635 277OS

Spence-Lowell Collection, SL1-317

John Hay Library, Brown University Drowne Family Papers, Ms. Drowne

Massachusetts Historical Society Brooks Family Papers, 1751–1861 Ms. N-1948, Ms. N-163

Samuel Chandler Diary, 1746–1772, microform P-7

Charles Howland Papers, 1784–1836, Ms N-2203

Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture Papers, Ms. N-517

Ebenezer Parkman Papers, 1749, 1755, 1771-73, microfilm P-363, reel 7.3-7.5

— Commonplace Book, 1771–1773, 1781–1782, microfilm P-220

Joseph Shaw Papers, Ms N-918

Thaxter Family Papers, Ms-N-1655

Vaughan Family Papers, Correspondence, 1773–1812, Ms. SH 116, Cartons 1, 2, 22

Thomas Waldron, Ms. S-758

Phineas Whitney Papers, Ms. S-246

Aaron Wight Diary, microfilm P363-reel 11

New Hampshire Historical Society Jeremy Belknap Papers

Wentworth Family Papers

Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University Samuel Vetch papers, 1708–1712, MS#1292

University of Vermont Library, Special Collections Samuel Williams Papers

Yale University Library, Manuscripts and Archives Morse Family Papers, MS 358

Beinecke Library, Yale University Ezra Stiles Papers, MS Vault Stiles, MTJ 1-6


Acadian Recorder

Columbian Centinel

(p.212) Halifax Gazette

London Magazine

New-England Weekly Journal

Nova Scotia Gazette

Nova Scotia Gazette and Weekly Chronicle

Nova Scotia Magazine and Comprehensive Review of Literature, Politics, and News

The Nova Scotia Chronicle

The Nova Scotia Chronicle and Weekly Advertiser

The Royal Gazette and the Nova-Scotia Advertiser

Scots Magazine

Printed Primary Sources

Adams, John. Statesman and Friend: Correspondence of John Adams with Benjamin Waterhouse, 1784–1822. Worthington C. Ford, ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1927.

A Genuine Account of Nova Scotia To which is added, His Majesty’s Proposals, as an encouragement to those who are willing to settle there. London, 1750.

Alexander, William. An Encouragement to Colonies. London, 1624.

American Husbandry: Containing an Account of the Soil, Climate, Production, and Agriculture. London: J. Bew, 1775.

Ames, Nathaniel. An Astronomical Diary, or An Almanack … Calculated for the Meridian of Boston in New-England. Boston, 1758–1775.

“An Account of a Sort of Sugar Made of the Juice of the Maple, in Canada.” Philosophical Transactions 15 (1685), 988.

Anderson, Wallace, ed. The Works of Jonathan Edwards: Vol. 6: Scientific and Philosophical Writings. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1980.

A New Collection of Voyages, Discoveries and Travels, Containing Whatever is Worthy of Notice. 7 vols. London, 1767.

An Essay on the Climate of the United States. Philadelphia, 1809.

Arbuthnot, John. Essay Concerning the Effects of the Air on Human Bodies. London, 1733.

A True Account of the Colonies of Nova Scotia and Georgia. Newcastle: Printed in the present year [1780?].

Ayscough, Samuel. Remarks on the Letters from an American Farmer. London, 1783.

Belknap, Jeremy. The History of New-Hampshire. 3 vols. Boston: 1784.

——— “Description of the White Mountains in New-Hampshire, Read October 15, 1784.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 2 (1786), 42–49.

——— “On the Preserving of Parsnips by Drying.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 2 (1786), 199–200.

——— A Discourse, Intended to Commemorate the Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus; delivered at the request of the Historical Society. Boston, 1792.

——— “Journal of a Tour to the White Mountains in July, 1784.” Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1876.

(p.213) —— Belknap Papers. Series 6. Vol. 4. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1891, 521–615.

Best, George. The Three Voyages of Martin Frobisher. London: Hakluyt Society, 1867.

Betham-Edwards, M., ed. The Autobiography of Arthur Young. London, 1898.

Biard, Pierre. Relation de la Nouvelle France, de ses terres, naturel du pais, & de ses habitants. Lyon, 1616.

Bigelow, Jacob. Florula bostoniensis: A Collection of Plants of Boston and its Environs. Boston: Cummings and Hilliard, 1814.

Biggar, H. P. The Voyages of Jacques Cartier. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1993.

Black, William. A Comparative View of the Mortality of the Human Species. London, 1788.

Bodin, Jean. Method for the Easy Comprehension of History. Beatrice Reynolds, trans. New York: Columbia University Press, 1945.

Borland, Francis. Memoirs of Darien. Glasgow, 1715.

Bourne, Edward G., ed. The Voyages and Explorations of Samuel de Champlain (1604– 1616). Annie N. Bourne, trans. Toronto: Courier Press, 1911.

Boyle, Robert. General Heads for the Natural History of a Country Great or Small Drawn Out for the Use of Travellers and Navigators. London, 1691.

——— General History of the Air. London, 1692.

Bradford, William. A Relation or Iournall of the Beginning and Proceedings of the English Plantation Setled at Plimoth in New England. London, 1622.

——— History of Plymouth Plantation, 1606–1646. William T. Davis, ed. New York: Scribner, 1908.

Brereton, John. A Briefe and True Relation of the Discouerie of the North Part of Virginia. London, 1602.

Bridenbaugh, Carl, ed. Gentleman’s Progress: The Itinerarium of Dr. Alexander Hamilton, 1744. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1948.

Brown, Sanford C., ed. Collected Works of Count Rumford, Vol. 1: The Nature of Heat. Cambridge,MA: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Browne, Peter. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica in Three Parts. London, 1756.

Brunhouse, Robert L. “David Ramsay, 1749–1815: Selections From His Writings.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 55(4) (1965), 1–250.

Buffon, George-Louis Leclerc. Natural History of the Horse. London, 1762.

——— Histoire Naturelle: générale et particulière. Des époques de la nature. Vol. 5. Paris, 1778.

——— Natural History, General and Particular. W. Smellie, trans. London: Strahan and Cadell, 1781 (1761).

Burke, William. An Account of the European Settlements in America. 2 vols. London, 1757.

Burrage, Henry S., ed. Early English and French Voyages, Chiefly from Hakluyt 1534–1608. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1952.

Carman, Harry J., ed., American Husbandry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1939. (p.214)

Censuses of Canada, 1665 to 1871, Statistics of Canada, Vol. 4, accessed online: http//www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/98-187-x/4064810-eng.htm.

Chambers, Neil, ed. The Letters of Sir Joseph Banks: A Selection, 1768–1820. London: Imperial College Press, 2000.

Clarkson’s Mission to America, 1791–1792. PANS Publication No. 11. Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia, 1971.

Clifton, Francis, ed. Hippocrates Upon Air, Water, and Situation. London, 1734.

The Correspondence of the Right Honourable Sir John Sinclair. 2 vols. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1831.

Crèvecoeur, J. Hector St. John de. Letters to an American Farmer. London, 1782.

Cutler, Manasseh. “An Account of Some of the Vegetable Productions, Naturally Growing in this Part of America, Botanically Arranged.” Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1 (1783), 395–493.

——— An Explanation of the Map … of the Federal Lands Comprehended between Pennsylvania west line, the rivers Ohio and Sioto, and Lake Erie. Salem, MA: Dabney and Cushing, 1787.

——— “Meteorological Observations at Ipswich in 1781, 1782, and 1783, Lat. 42° 38’ 30’’ N Long. 70° 45’ W.” Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1 (1783), 336–371.

Cutler, William and Julia Cutler, eds. Life, Journals, and Correspondence of Reverend Manasseh Cutler, LLD, By His Grandchildren. 2 vols. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1888.

D’Abbeville, Claude. Histoire des Pères Capucins en l’Isle de Maragnan et terres circonvoisines. Paris, 1614.

Dallas, Robert C. The History of the Maroons, From Their Origin to the Establishment of Their Chief Tribe at Sierra Leone. 2 vols. London: Longman, 1803.

Davenant, Charles. An Essay upon Ways and Means of Supplying the War. London, 1701.

——— Some Objections against Settling the Trade to Africa. London, 1709.

——— Reflections upon the Constitution and Management of the Trade to Africa. London, 1709.

——— An Essay upon Universal Monarchy, Written in the year 1701. London, 1734.

Davis, John. The Seaman’s Secrets, Divided into Two Parts. London, 1599.

Deane, Samuel. The New-England Farmer, or, Georgical Dictionary. Worcester, MA: Isaiah Thomas, 1790.

Denys, Nicholas. Description géographique et historique des costes de lAmérique septentrionale: avec lhistoire naturelle du païs. Paris, 1672.

DesBarres, Joseph Frederick Wallet. The Atlantic Neptune. London, 1781. http://www.nmm.ac.uk/collections/explore/object.cfm?ID=HNS%20139.

Dickson, Adam. A Treatise of Agriculture: A New Edition. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1785 [1762].

Douglass, William. A Summary Historical and Political, Of the First Planting, Progressive Improvements, and Present State of the British Settlements in North America. 2 vols. Boston: Rogers and Fowle, 1747–1752.

(p.215) Dudley, Paul. “Observations on Some of the Plants in New England.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 33 (1724–1725), 194–200.

Dunn, Richard S. and Laetitia Yeandle, eds. The Journal of John Winthrop, 1630–1649. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Dwight, Timothy. Travels in New England and New York. 4 vols. New Haven, CT, 1821.

Eliot, Jared. Essays Upon Field Husbandry in New England, As It Is Or May Be Ordered. Boston: Edes & Gill, 1760.

——— Essays Upon Field-Husbandry in New England and Other Places, 1748-62. Harry Carman et al., eds. New York: Columbia University Press, 1934.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written by Himself. 2 vols. London, 1789.

Extracts and Copies of Letters from Sir John Wentworth, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, to his Grace the Duke of Portland, respecting the Settlement of the Maroons in that Province. London, 1797.

Franklin, James. The Philosophical and Political History of the Thirteen United States of America. London, 1784.

Gibbon, Edward. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. London, 1776.

Gillies, John, ed. Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics. 2 vols. London, 1797.

Goldsmith, Oliver. The History of the Earth. 8 vols. London, 1774.

Gorges, Ferdinando. Briefe Narration of the Original Undertakings of the Advancement of Plantations into the Parts of America. London, 1622.

Hale, Samuel. “Conjectures of the Natural Causes of the North West Winds Being Colder, and More Frequent in the Winter in New England, than in the Same Degrees of Latitude in Europe.” Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2:1 (1793), 61–63.

Hales, Stephen, Vegetable Staticks. London, 1727.

Haliburton, Robert Grant. The Men of the North and Their Place in History. Montreal, 1869.

Hawley, Stephen. “The Agency of God in Snow, Frost, & c.” New Haven, CT, 1771.

Hill, John. Eden, or, A compleat body of gardening. London, 1773.

Holyoke, Samuel. “An Estimate on the Excels of the Heat and Cold of the American Atmosphere Beyond the European.” Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2:1 (1793), 65–88.

House of Commons. “Report from the Committee on the Petition of the Court of Directors of the Sierra Leone Company.” London, 1802.

Howard, Luke. On the Modification of Clouds, 3rd ed. London, 1864 (1803).

Hubbard, William. A General History of New England: From the Discovery to 1680. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1815.

Hume, David. Political Discourses. Edinburgh, 1752.

Hutchinson, Thomas. The History of the Colony of Massachuset’s Bay. Boston, 1764.

James, Sydney V., ed. Three Visitors to Early Plymouth: Letters About the Pilgrim Settlement in New England During its First Seven Years. Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1997.

(p.216) Jefferys, Thomas. The Natural and Civil History of the French Dominions in North and South America. London, 1760.

Jeyes, S.H. The Russells of Birmingham in the French Revolution and in America, 1791–1814. London: George Allen, 1911.

Johnson, Samuel. “Climate.” A Dictionary of the English Language. 2nd ed. London, 1760.

Josselyn, John. New England’s Rarities Discovered. London, 1672.

Journals and Proceedings of the House of Assembly of Nova Scotia. Halifax, 1797.

Journals and Proceedings of the House of Assembly of Nova Scotia. Halifax, 1801.

Kalm, Pehr. Travels into North America. 2 vols. John Reinhold Forster, trans. Warrington, England, 1770.

Klockhoff, H. “A Chorographical Map of the Northern Department of North America.” Amsterdam, 1780.

Knight, Fred, ed. Letters on Agriculture from His Excellency George Washington, President of the United States, to Arthur Young. Washington, D.C., 1847.

Labaree, Leonard W., ed. The Papers of Benjamin Franklin. Vol. 10. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1959.

Laut, Agnes C. Canada: The Empire of the North. Boston: Ginn and Company, 1909.

Laws and Regulations of the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture: With Extracts of Foreign and Domestic Publications. Boston: Thomas Andrews, 1793.

Leslie, John. An Experimental Inquiry into the Nature and Propagation of Heat. London, 1804.

——— “On Heat and Climate,” Annals of Philosophy 14 (1819), 5–27.

Letters and Papers on Agriculture: Extracted from the Correspondence of a Society Instituted at Halifax for Promoting Agriculture in the Province of Nova Scotia. Halifax: John Howe, 1789.

Liancourt, Duke de la Rochefoucauld. Travels through the United States of North America, The Country of the Iroquois, and Upper Canada, in the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797. H. Neuman, trans. 2nd ed. 4 vols. London, 1800.

Lind, James. Essay on Diseases Incidental to Europeans in Hot Climates. London, 1768.

[Little, Otis]. The State of Trade in the Northern Colonies Considered, with an Account of their Produce and a Particular Description of Nova Scotia. London, 1748.

Long, Edward. The History of Jamaica: Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island. 3 vols. London, 1774.

——— Free and Candid Review of a Tract entitled “Observations on the Commerce of the American States with Europe and the West Indies.” London, 1784.

Marshall, William. Proposals for a Rural Institute. London, 1799.

Mather, Cotton. Bonifacius: Essays to Do Good. Boston, 1710.

“Meteorological Observations Made at Montreal, Canada, North America.” Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2(1) (1793), 113–118.

Miller, Samuel. A Brief Retrospect of the Eighteenth Century. 2 vols. New York, T. & J. Swords, 1803.

(p.217) Mitchell, John. “An Essay upon the Causes of the Different Colours of People in Different Climates.” Philosophical Transactions 43 (1744–1745), 102–150.

——— A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America. London, 1755.

——— Present State of Great Britain and North America. London, 1767.

Moll, Herman. A System of Geography. London, 1701.

Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat. Spirit of the Laws. 2 vols. London, 1750.

Morse, Jedediah. American Geography: Or, A View of the Present Situation of the United States of America. London, 1789.

——— American Geography: Or, A View of the Present Situation of the United States of America. 2nd ed. London, 1792.

——— The History of America, in Two Books. Philadelphia, 1795.

Morton, Thomas. New English Canaan or New Canaan. Amsterdam, 1637.

Moxon, Joseph. A Brief Discourse of a Passage by the North-Pole to Japan, China, &c. London, 1674.

——— Mathematicks Made Easie: or a Compleat Mathematical Dictionary. London, 1701.

Neal, Daniel. History of New England. 2 vols. London, 1720.

New England Women and the Families in the 18th and 19th Centuries. [microfilm] SERIES B: Manuscript Collections from the Newport Historical Society, 10: 0314.

Niven, Laird. “Curatorial Report 93. Was This the Home of Stephen Blucke? The Excavation of AkDi-23, Birchtown, Shelburne County.” Halifax: Nova Scotia Museum, 2000.

Oldmixon, John. The British Empire in America. London, 1708.

Papers Relative to the Settling of the Maroons in His Majesty’s Province of Nova Scotia. London, 1798.

The Parliamentary Register; or Debates and Proceedings of the House of Commons. London, 1798.

Payson, Phillips, A Sermon Preached before the Honorable Council, and the Honorable House of Representatives, of the State of Massachusetts-Bay, in New England, at Boston. May 27, 1778.

Peck, William D. A Catalogue of American and Foreign Plants, Cultivated in the Botanic Garden, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Cambridge, MA: Hilliard and Metcalf, 1818.

——— The Natural History of the Slug Worm. Boston: Young and Minns, 1799.

Pennant, Thomas, Arctic Zoology. 1st ed. London: Henry Hughes, 1785.

——— Arctic Zoology. 2nd ed. London: Robert Faulder, 1792 [1787].

[Pennecuik, Alexander.] Caledonia Triumphans: A Panegyrick to the King. Edinburgh, 1699.

Peter Kalm’s Travels in North America. Adolph B. Benson, ed. and trans. New York: Wilson-Erickson, 1964.

Petty, William. Political Arithmetick. London, 1691.

Pickering, Charles. “On the Geographical Distribution of Plants.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 3 (1831), 274–284.

(p.218) —— The Races of Man and Their Geographical Distribution. Philadelphia, 1848.

——— The Races of Man and Their Geographical Distribution. Philadelphia, 1854.

Pickering, John. A Vocabulary, or Collection of Words and Phrases Which Have Supposed to be Peculiar to the United States of America. Cambridge, MA, 1816.

Plan for the Abolition of Slavery in the West Indies. London, 1772.

Present Conduct of the Chieftains and Proprietors of the Lands in the Highlands of Scotland. Edinburgh, 1773.

The Proceedings of the Governor and Assembly of Jamaica, in regard to the Maroon Negroes. London, 1796.

“Queries Respecting the Slavery and Emancipation of Negroes in Massachusetts, Proposed by the Hon. Judge Tucker of Virginia, and Answered by the Rev. Dr. Belknap.” Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1835 [1795].

Quincy, Josiah. The History of Harvard University. Vol. 2. Cambridge, MA: John Owen, 1840.

Quinn, Daniel B. and Alison M., eds. The English New England Voyages, 1602–1608. London: Hakluyt Society, 1983.

Ramsay, David. History of South Carolina. 2 vols. Charleston, SC, 1809.

Raymond, W.O., ed. Winslow Papers, 1776–1826. 2 vols. St. John: New Brunswick Historical Society, 1901.

Robbins, Asher. An Address to the Society for the Promotion of Agriculture and other Useful Arts in the State of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations. Newport, RI, 1802.

Robertson, Carmelita. “Curatorial Report 91. Black Loyalists of Nova Scotia: Tracing the History of Tracadie Loyalists, 1776–1787.” Halifax: Nova Scotia Museum, 2000.

Robertson, William. The History of America. Philadelphia, 1799.

Robinson, John and Thomas Rispin. Journey Through Nova-Scotia Containing a Particular Account of the Country and its Inhabitants. York, 1774.

Rogers, Robert. A Concise Account of North America: Containing a Description of the Several British Colonies on that Continent, including the Islands of Newfoundland, Cape Breton, &c. London, 1765.

——— A Concise Account of North America. Dublin, 1769.

Ruggles, Henry S. General Timothy Ruggles, 1711–1795. Privately published, 1897.

Rules and Regulations of the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture. Boston: Fleet, 1796.

Seasonable Advice to the Landholders and Farmers in Scotland. Edinburgh, 1770.

[Sheffield, John Holroyd.] Observations on the Commerce of the American States with Europe and the West Indies. London, 1783.

Sierra Leone Company. An Account of the Colony of Sierra Leone From its First Establishment in 1793: Being the substance of a report delivered to the proprietors. London, 1795.

(p.219) Smeathman, Henry. Plan of a Settlement to be Made Near Sierra Leona on the Grain Coast of Africa. London, 1786.

Smith, James. A Selection of the Correspondence of Linnaeus and other Naturalists. Vol. 2. New York: Arno Press, 1978.

Smith, John. A Description of New England. London, 1616.

Smith, Titus. Survey of the Eastern and Northern Parts of the Province in the Years 1801 & 1802. 3rd ed. Halifax: 1857.

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur. The Northward Course of Empire. New York: Harcourt, 1922.

Strickland, William. Journal of a Tour in the United States of America, 1794–1795. J. E. Strickland, ed. New York: New York Historical Society, 1971.

Sullivan, James. History of the District of Maine. Boston, 1795.

Talon, Jean. “Mémoire sur l’état présent du Canada, 1667.” Rapport de l’Archiviste de la Province de Québec. Québec: Imprimerie du roi, 1930–1931.

Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed. The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610-1791. Cleveland: Burrows Bros. Co., 1896–1901.

Transactions of the Society for Promoting Agriculture in the State of Connecticut. New Haven, CT: William W. Morse, 1802.

Tyndall, John. Lectures on Count Rumford, Originator of the Royal Institution, delivered May 3, 10, 17, 1883. London: Royal Institution of Britain, 1883.

Vetch, Samuel. “A Poem, Humbly Dedicated to the Queen Upon Her Birth-Day.” London, 1707.

Vickery, Amanda, ed. Women’s Language and Experience, 1500–1940: Women’s Diaries and Related Sources [microfilm]. Marlborough, England: Adam Matthew Publications, 1994–2004.

Vincent, Philip. A True Relation of the Late Battell Fought Between the English and the Salvages. London, 1637.

——— A True Relation of the Late Battle Fought between the English and the Pequot Savages … With the Present State of Things There. London, 1638.

Volney, C. F. A View of the Soil and Climate of the United States of America. London, 1804.

Waterhouse, Benjamin. Heads of a Course of Lectures on Natural History, Now Delivering in the University at Cambridge. Providence, RI: Bennett Wheeler, 1784–1791.

——— Heads of a Course of Lectures on Natural History. Cambridge, MA: Hilliard & Metcalf, 1810.

——— The Botanist: Being the Botanical Part of a Course of Lectures on Natural History. Boston: Joseph T. Buckingham, 1811.

Webster, Noah. “A Dissertation on the Supposed Change in the Temperature of Winter (Read before the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1799).” Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 1 (1810), 1–68.

(p.220) White, Gilbert. The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. London, 1789.

Williams, Samuel. The Natural and Civil History of Vermont. Rutland, VT, 1794.

Williamson, Hugh. “An Attempt to Account for the Change of Climate, Which has Been Observed in the Middle Colonies of North-America.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 1 (January 1, 1769–January 1, 1771), 277–280.

Winslow, Edward. Good Newes From New England. London, 1624.

Winthrop, John. Reasons to be Considered for Justifying the Undertakers of the Intended Plantation in New England and for Encouraging Such Whose Hearts God Shall Move to Join with Them in It. London, 1629.

Winthrop, John, Jr. “Concerning Some Natural Curiosities of Those Parts, Especially a Very Strange and Very Curiously Contrived Fish, Sent for the Repository of the R. Society.” Philosophical Transactions (1670), 1151–1153.

Wood, William. New England’s Prospect: A True, Lively, and Experimental Description of that Part of America Commonly Called New England. London, 1634.

Woodward, Carl R. Ploughs and Politicks: Charles Read of New Jersey and His Notes on Agriculture, 1715–1774. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1941.

Wynne, John. General History of the British Empire in North America. London, 1770.

Young, Arthur. The Farmer’s Letters to the People of England. London, 1768.

——— Observations on the Present State of the Wastelands of Great Britain: Published on the Occasion of the Establishment of a New Colony on the Ohio. London, 1773.

——— Annals of Agriculture and Other Useful Arts. 45 vols. London, 1784–1815.

Unpublished Theses

Beanlands, Sara J. “Annotated Edition of Rev. Dr. Andrew Brown’s Manuscript: ‘Removal of the French inhabitants of Nova Scotia by Lieut. Governor Lawrence & His Majesty’s Council in October 1755.’” M.A., Saint Mary’s University, 2010.

Hill, Michael R. “Temperateness, Temperance, and the Tropics: Climate and Morality in the English Atlantic World, 1555–1705.” Ph.D., Georgetown University, 2013.

Picart, Lennox O’Riley. “The Trelawny Maroons and Sir John Wentworth: The Struggle to Maintain Their Culture, 1796–1800.” M.A., University of New Brunswick, 1993.

Wickman, Thomas M. “Snowshoe Country: Indians, Colonists, and Winter Spaces of Power in the Northeast, 1620–1727.” Ph.D., Harvard University, 2012.

Published Secondary Works

Akita, Shigeru. Gentlemanly Capitalism, Imperialism, and Global History. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Akerman, James R., ed. The Imperial Map: Cartography and the Mastery of Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Alexander, Charles P. “The Presidential Range of New Hampshire as a Biological Environment.” American Midland Naturalist 24(1) (1940), 104–132.

(p.221) Alsop, James D. “Samuel Vetch’s “Canada Survey’d”: The Formation of a Colonial Strategy, 1706–1711.” Acadiensis 12(1) (Autumn 1982), 39–58

——— “The Age of the Projectors: British Imperial Strategy in the North Atlantic in the War of Spanish Succession.” Acadiensis 21(1) (Autumn 1991), 30–53.

Anderson, David G. “Climate and Culture Change in Prehistoric and Early Historic Eastern North America.” Archaeology of Eastern North America 29 (2001), 143–186.

Anderson, Virginia D. New England’s Generation: The Great Migration and the Formation of Society and Culture in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

——— Creatures of Empire: How Domestic Animals Transformed Early America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Anderson, Warwick. “Climates of Opinion: Acclimatization in Nineteenth-Century France and England.” Victorian Studies 35(2) (Winter 1992), 135–157.

——— The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health, and Racial Destiny in Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2005.

Appalachian Mountain Club. AMC White Mountain Guide, 25th ed. Boston: AMC Books, 1992 [1907].

Armitage, David. “Greater Britain: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis?” AHR (April 1999), 427–445.

——— Ideological Origins of the British Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

——— Foundations of Modern International Thought. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Armitage, David and Michael Braddick, eds. The British Atlantic World 1500–1800. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Armstrong, M.W. “Neutrality and Religion in Revolutionary Nova Scotia.” NEQ 19 (1946), 52–62.

Ash, Eric H., ed. “Expertise: Practical Knowledge and the Early Modern State.” Osiris 25 (2010).

Ayers, Edward L. and Peter S. Onuf, eds. All Over the Map: Rethinking American Regions. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Bailyn, Bernard. The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955.

——— Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution. New York: Vintage, 1986.

Baker, Emerson W. et al., eds. American Beginnings: Exploration, Culture, and Cartography in the Land of Norumbega. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

Banks, R.E.R., ed. Sir Joseph Banks: A Global Perspective. Richmond, VA: Royal Botanic Gardens, 1994.

Barnett, Lydia. “The Theology of Climate Change: Sin as Agency in the Enlightenment’s Anthropocene.” Environmental History 20 (2015), 217–237.

Barrell, John. The Dark Side of the Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting, 1730–1840. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

(p.222) Barton, Gregory A. Empire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Bashford, Alison. Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014.

Bashford, Alison and Carolyn Strange. Griffith Taylor: Visionary Environmentalist Explorer. Canberra: National Library of Australia, 2008.

Bayly, C. A. Imperial Meridian: The British Empire and the World, 1780–1830. New York: Longman, 1989.

——— The Birth of the Modern World, 1780–1914: Global Connections and Comparisons. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2004.

Beinart, William, and Lotte Hughes. Environment and Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Belich, James. Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World, 1783–1939. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Bell, Winthrop P. The ‘Foreign Protestants’ and the Settlement of Nova Scotia. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1961.

Benton, Lauren. “Legal Spaces of Empire: Piracy and the Origins of Ocean Regionalism.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 47(4) (October 2005), 700–724.

——— “Spatial Geographies of Empire.” Itinerario 30(3) (2006), 19–34.

——— A Search for Sovereignty: Law and Geography in European Empires, 1450–1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Bermingham, Ann. Landscape and Ideology: The English Rustic Tradition, 1740–1860. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Bidwell, Percy. “The Agricultural Revolution in New England.” AHR 26(4) (July 1921), 683–702.

Bidwell, Percy W. and John I. Falconer. The History of Agriculture in the Northern United States, 1620–1860. Washington, D.C.: The Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1925.

Bitterman, Rusty. Rural Protest on Prince Edward Island: From British Colonization to the Escheat Movement. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006.

Boud, R.C. “Scottish Agricultural Improvement Societies, 1723–1835.” Review of Scottish Culture 1 (1984), 70–90

Bowen, H.V. Elites, Enterprise, and the Making of the British Overseas Empire, 1688–1775. New York: St. Martin’s, 1996.

Bowler, Peter J. The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences. New York: Norton, 1992.

Bradley, Raymond S. and Philip D. Jones, eds. Climate Since A.D. 1500. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Braidwood, Stephen J. Black Poor and White Philanthropists: London’s Blacks and the Foundation of the Sierra Leone Settlement, 1786–1791. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1994.

(p.223) Brewer, John. Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Bristow, Peggy, ed. We’re Rooted Here and They Can’t Pull Us Up: Essays in African Canadian Women’s History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994.

Brown, Christopher L. Moral Capital: Foundations of British Abolitionism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Brown, Christopher L. and Philip D. Morgan, Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.

Brown, Richard. Knowledge is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700-1865. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Brown, Sanford C. Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1979.

Browne, Janet. The Secular Ark: Studies in the History of Biogeography. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983.

Buckner, Philip and David Frank, eds. Atlantic Canada Before Confederation: The Acadiensis Reader. Vol. 1. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Acadiensis Press, 1985.

Buckner, Philip and John G. Reid, eds. The Atlantic Region to Confederation: A History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Bumsted, J.M. The People’s Clearance: Highland Emigration to British North America, 1770–1815. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1982.

——— Land, Settlement, and Politics on Eighteenth-Century Prince Edward Island. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1987.

Bushman, Richard L. From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690–1765. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967.

——— The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities. New York: Knopf, 1992.

——— “Markets and Composite Farms in Early America.” WMQ 55 (1998), 351–374.

Brymer, Douglas. “The Jamaica Maroons—How They Came to Nova Scotia—How They Left It.” Foreign and Commonwealth Office Collection. London,1895.

Byrd, Alexander X. Captives and Voyagers: Black Migrants Across the Eighteenth-Century British Atlantic World. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2008.

Cahill, Barry. “Habeas Corpus and Slavery in Nova Scotia: R v. Hecht, ex parte Rachel, 1798.” University of New Brunswick Law Journal 44 (1995), 179–209.

Caldwell, Douglas R. and Russell S. Harmon, eds. Studies in Military Geography and Geology. Norwell: Kluwer, 2004.

Calhoon, Robert, Timothy Barnes, and George Rawlyk, eds. Loyalists and Community in North America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Callison, Candis. How Climate Change Comes to Matter: The Communal Life of Facts. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014.

Campbell, Mavis, ed. Back to Africa: George Ross and the Maroons from Nova Scotia to Sierra Leone. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1993.

(p.224) Cañizares-Esguerra, Jorge. How to Write the History of the New World: Histories, Epistemologies, and Identities in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001.

Canny, Nicholas. “The Ideology of English Colonization: From Ireland to America.” WMQ 30 (1973), 575–598.

——— Europeans on the Move: Studies on European Migration, 1500–1800. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Cantor, Geoffrey. Michael Faraday: Sandemanian and Scientist: A Study of Science and Religion in the Nineteenth Century. London: Macmillan, 1991.

Caroe, Gwendy. The Royal Institution: An Informal History. London: Jon Murray, 1985.

Carrier, Lyman. “Dr. John Mitchell: Naturalist, Cartographer, and Historian.” Annual Report of the American Historical Association I. Washington, D.C., 1918.

Cash, Philip. Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse: A Life in Medicine and Public Service, 1754–1846. Sagamore Beach, MA: Boston Medical Library & Science History Publications, 2006.

Cassidy, David C. “Meteorology in Mannheim: The Palatine Meteorological Society, 1780-1795.” Sudhoffs Archiv 69(1) (1985), 8–25.

Cayton, Andrew R. L. The Frontier Republic: Ideology and Politics in the Ohio Country, 1780–1825. Kent, OH: Kent Sate University Press, 1986.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh.“The Climate of History: Four Theses.” Critical Inquiry 35 (Winter 2009), 197–222.

——— “Climate and Capital: On Conjoined Histories.” Critical Inquiry 41(1) (Autumn 2014), 1–23.

Chaplin, Joyce E. An Anxious Pursuit: Agricultural Innovation and Modernity in the Lower South, 1730–1815. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

——— “Natural Philosophy and an Early Racial Idiom in North America: Comparing English and Indian Bodies.” WMQ 54(1) (1997), 229–252.

——— Subject Matter: Technology, the Body, and Science on the Anglo-American Frontier, 1500-1676. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.

——— The First Scientific American: Benjamin Franklin and the Pursuit of Genius. New York: Basic Books, 2006.

Choquette, Leslie. Frenchmen into Peasants: Modernity and Tradition in the Peopling of French Canada. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Christopher, Emma. “A “Disgrace to the very Colour”: Perceptions of Blackness and Whiteness in the Founding of Sierra Leone and Botany Bay.” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 9(3) (2011), online.

Clark, Charles, James Leamon, and Karen Bowden, eds. Maine in the Early Republic: From Revolution to Statehood. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1988.

Clark, Christopher. The Roots of Rural Capitalism: Western Massachusetts, 1780–1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1990.

(p.225) Clark, William, Jan Golinski, and Simon Schaffer. The Sciences in Enlightened Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999

Coates, Colin. The Metamorphoses of Landscape and Community in Early Quebec. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000.

Cohen, Patricia Cline. A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America. New York: Routledge, 1999 [1982].

Coleman, Deirdre. Romantic Colonization and British Anti-Slavery. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707–1837. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

——— The Significance of the Frontier in British History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995.

Conforti, Joseph A. Imagining New England: Explorations of Regional Identity from the Pilgrims to the Mid-Twentieth Century. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Conrad, Margaret, ed. They Planted Well: New England Planters in Maritime Canada. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Acadiensis Press, 1988.

Conrad, Margaret, Toni Laidlaw, and Donna Smith, eds. No Place Like Home: Diaries and Letters of Nova Scotia Women, 1771–1938. Halifax, NS: Formac Publishing, 1988.

Cook, Sherburne F. The Indian Population of New England in the Seventeenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976.

Cormack, Lesley. “‘Good Fences Make Good Neighbors’: Geography as Self-Definition in Early Modern England.” Isis 82(4) (1991), 639–661.

Craig, Beatrice. Backwoods Consumers and Homespun Capitalists: The Rise of Market Culture in Eastern Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009.

Crawford, Rachel. Poetry, Enclosure, and the Vernacular Landscape, 1700–1830. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 2003 [1983].

Crosby, Alfred W. Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900– 1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Crowley, John E. “‘Taken on the Spot’: The Visual Appropriation of New France for the Global British Landscape.” Canadian Historical Review 86(1) (March 2005), 1–28.

——— The Invention of Comfort: Sensibilities and Design in Early Modern Britain and Early America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Curran, Andrew S. The Anatomy of Blackness: Science and Slavery in an Age of Enlightenment. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Curtin, Philip D. “‘The White Man’s Grave’: Image and Reality, 1780–1850.” Journal of British Studies 1(1) (1961), 94–110.

Cuthbertson, Brian. The Loyalist Governor: Biography of Sir John Wentworth. Halifax: Pergamon Press, 1983.

(p.226) Davidson, Peter. The Idea of the North. London: Reaktion Books, 2005.

Davis, Robert Scott. “Richard Oswald as ‘An American’: How a Frontier South Carolina Plantation Identifies the Anonymous Author of American Husbandry and a Forgotten Founding Father of the United States.” Journal of Backcountry Studies 8(1) (Spring 2014), 19–34.

Delbourgo, James. A Most Amazing Scene of Wonders: Electricity and Enlightenment in Early America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.

——— “The Newtonian Slave Body: Racial Enlightenment in the Atlantic World.” Atlantic Studies 9(2) (2012), 185–207.

Demeritt, David. “Agriculture, Climate, and Cultural Adaptation in the Prehistoric Northeast.” Archaeology of Eastern North America 19 (Fall 1991), 183–202.

——— “Representing the ‘True’ St. Croix: Knowledge and Power in the Partition of the Northeast.” WMQ 54(3) (July 1997), 515–548.

Demos, John. A Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000 [1970].

Depatie, Sylvie. “Jardins et vergers à Montréal au xviii-e siecle.” in Depatie et al., Habitants et Marchands: Vingt ans après: Lectures de l’histoire des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles canadiens; Twenty Years Later: Reading the History of 17th and 18th-century Canada. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1998.

Dettelbach, Michael. “‘A Kind of Linnaean Being’: Forster and Eighteenth-Century Natural History,” in Nicholas Thomas, ed. Observations Made During a Voyage Round the World. Manoa: University of Hawai’i Press, 1996, lv-lxxiv.

DeVos, Paula S. “Natural History and the Pursuit of Empire in Eighteenth-Century Spain.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 40(2) (Winter 2007), 209–239.

Dew, Nicholas and James Delbourgo, eds. Science and Empire in the Atlantic World. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Dice, Lee R. The Biotic Provinces of North America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1943.

Dickson, David. Old World Colony: Cork and South Munster, 1630–1830. Cork: Cork University Press, 2005.

Dilke, O.A.W. Greek & Roman Maps. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Dobson, David. Scottish Emigration to Colonial America, 1607–1785. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2004.

Donahue, Brian. The Great Meadow: Farmers and the Land in Colonial Concord. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004.

Donovan, Kenneth, ed. The Island: New Perspectives on Cape Breton’s History, 1713–1990. Sydney: University College of Cape Breton Press, 1990.

——— “Slaves in Île Royale, 1713–1758.” French Colonial History 5 (2004), 25–42.

Doolittle, William E. Cultivated Landscapes of Native North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Douglas, Starr. “The Making of Scientific Knowledge in an Age of Slavery: Henry Smeathman, Sierra Leone and Natural History.” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 9(3) (Winter 2008).

(p.227) Drayton, Richard. Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain, and the ‘Improvement’ of the World. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000.

Dunlap, Thomas R. Nature and the English Diaspora: Environment and History in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Edelson, S. Max. Plantation Enterprise in Colonial South Carolina. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.

Edwards, Paul N. A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010.

Egnal, Marc. New World Economies: The Growth of the Thirteen Colonies and Early Canada. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

“Eighteenth-Century Agriculture: A Symposium.” Special issue of Agricultural History 1(43) (Jan. 1969).

Eldred, Janet Carey and Peter Mortensen. Imagining Rhetoric: Composing Women of the Early United States. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002.

Ellis, Joseph. His Excellency: George Washington. New York: Knopf, 2005.

Elsner, Jas and J.P. Rubies, eds. Voyages and Visions: Towards a Cultural History of Travel. London: Reaktion Books, 1999.

Evans, G.N.D. Uncommon Obdurate: The Several Public Careers of J.F.W. DesBarres. Salem, MA: Peabody Museum, 1969.

Faragher, John Mack. A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from their American Homeland. New York: Norton, 2005.

Farber, Hannah. “The Rise and Fall of the Province of Lygonia, 1643–1658.” The New England Quarterly 82(3) (Sep. 2009), 490–513.

Faulkner, Alaric. “Gentility on the Frontiers of Acadia, 1635–1674: An Archaeological Perspective.” New England/New France, 1600–1850. Dublin Seminar for New England Folk Life Annual Proceedings 1989.

Fergus, Claudius. “‘Dread of Insurrection’: Abolitionism, Security, and Labor in Britain’s West Indian Colonies, 1760-1823.” WMQ 66(4) (Oct. 2009), 757–780.

Fleming, Donald. Science and Technology in Providence, 1760–1914. Providence, RI: Brown University Press, 1952.

Fleming, James R. Historical Perspectives on Climate Change. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Floyd-Wilson, Mary. English Ethnicity and Race in Early Modern Drama. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Frey, Silvia. Water from the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Fritts, H. C. and J. M. Lough. “An Estimate of Average Annual Temperature Variations for North America, 1602 to 1961.” Climatic Change 7(2) (1985), 203–224.

Frost, Alan. Sir Joseph Banks and the Transfer of Plants To and From the South Pacific, 1786–1798. Melbourne: The Colony Press, 1993.

Fyfe, Christopher. A History of Sierra Leone. New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.

(p.228) Games, Alison. Migration and the Origins of the English Atlantic World, 1500–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Gascoigne, John. Science in the Service of Empire: Joseph Banks, the British State, and the Uses of Science in the Age of Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Glacken, Clarence J. Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought From Ancient Times to the Present. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Geggus, David. “The Enigma of Jamaica in the 1790s: New Light on the Causes of Slave Rebellions.” WMQ 44(2) (April 1987), 274–299.

Gerbi, Antonello. The Dispute of the New World: The History of a Polemic, 1750–1900. Rev. ed. translated by Jeremy Moyle. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1973.

Gillies, John. Shakespeare and the Geography of Difference. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Gilroy, Marion. Loyalists and Land Settlement in Nova Scotia. Halifax: Public Archives of Nova Scotia Publication No. 4, Reprint, 1990 [1937].

Goldsmith, Elizabeth C. and Dena Goodman, eds. Going Public: Women and Publishing in Early Modern France. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Goldsmith, Elizabeth C., ed. Writing the Female Voice: Essays on Epistolary Literature. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1989.

Golinski, Jan. British Weather and the Climate of Enlightenment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

——— Science as Public Culture: Chemistry and Enlightenment in Britain, 1760–1820. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Gómez, Nicolás Wey. The Tropics of Empire: Why Columbus Sailed South to the Indies. Cambridge,MA: MIT Press, 2008.

Gorham, Eville. “Titus Smith, A Pioneer of Plant Ecology in North America.” Ecology 36 (1955), 116–123.

Gould, Eliga H. Among the Powers of the Earth: The American Revolution and the Making of a New World Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012.

Gould, Eliga H. and Peter S. Onuf, eds. Empire and Nation: The American Revolution in the Atlantic World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Graham, Gerald S. British Policy and Canada, 1774–1791: A Study in Eighteenth Century Trade Policy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974 [1930].

Grandjean, Katherine A. “New World Tempests: Environment, Scarcity, and the Coming of the Pequot War.” WMQ 68(1) (Jan. 2011), 75–100.

Grant, John N. The Maroons in Nova Scotia. Halifax: Formac, 2002.

Grasso, Christopher. A Speaking Aristocracy: Transforming Public Discourse in Eighteenth-century Connecticut. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Greene, Jack. Pursuits of Happiness: The Social Development of Early Modern British Colonies and the Formation of American Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

(p.229) Greene, John C. “The American Debate on the Negro’s Place in Nature, 1780–1815.” Journal of the History of Ideas 15(3) (June 1954), 384–396.

——— American Science in the Age of Jefferson. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1984.

Griffiths, N.E.S. From Migrant to Acadian: A North American Border People, 1604–1755. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Gronim, Sara Stidstone. “Geography and Persuasion: Maps in British Colonial New York.” WMQ 58(2) (Apr. 2001), 373–402.

Gross, Robert A. The Minutemen and Their World. New York: Hill and Wang, 1976.

Grove, Richard. Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens, and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600–1860. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

——— Ecology, Climate, and Empire: Colonialism and Global Environmental History, 1400–1940. Cambridge, MA: White Horse Press, 1997.

Guha, Ranajit. A Rule of Property for Bengal: An Essay on the Idea of Permanent Settlement. New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1982.

Gwyn, Julian. Excessive Expectations: Maritime Commerce and the Economic Development of Nova Scotia. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1998.

Haefeli, Evan and Kevin Sweeney. Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2003.

Hall, David D. Worlds of Wonder, Days of Judgment: Popular Religious Belief in Early New England. New York: Knopf, 1989.

Hancock, David. Citizens of the World: London Merchants and the Integration of the British Atlantic Community, 1735–1785. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Harley, J.B. “New England Cartography and the Native Americans.” Paul Laxton, ed.The New Nature of Maps: Essays in the History of Cartography.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001, 169–196.

Harlow, Vincent. The Founding of the Second British Empire, 1763–1793. 2 vols. London: Longman, 1952–1964.

Harper, Marjorie and Michael E. Vance, eds. Myth, Migration, and the Making of Memory: Scotia and Nova Scotia c. 1700–1990. Halifax: Fernwood, 1999.

Harrington, C. R., ed. The Year Without a Summer? World Climate in 1816. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Nature, 1992.

Harrison, Mark. “‘The Tender Frame of Man’: Disease, Climate, and Racial Difference in India and the West Indies, 1760–1860.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 70(1) (1996), 68–93.

——— “Science and the British Empire.” Isis 96(1) (March 2005), 56–63.

——— Climates and Constitutions: Health, Race, Environment and British Imperialism in India 1600–1850. New York: Oxford University Press: 2003.

(p.230) —— Medicine in an Age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and Its Tropical Colonies, 1660–1830. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Headley, John M. “The Sixteenth-Century Venetian Celebration of the Earth’s Total Habitability: The Issue of the Fully Habitable World for Renaissance Europe.” Journal of World History 8(1) (Spring 1997), 1–27.

Helgerson, Richard. “The Land Speaks: Cartography, Chorography, and Subversion in Renaissance England.” Representations 16 (Autumn 1986), 50–85.

Henretta, James. “Families and Farms: Mentalite in Early America.” WMQ 35 (1978), 3–32.

Heuman, Gad, ed. Out of the House of Bondage: Runaways, Resistance, and Marronage in Africa and the New World. London: Frank Cass, 1986.

Heyrman, Christine. Commerce and Culture: The Maritime Communities of Colonial Massachusetts, 1690–1750. New York: Norton, 1984.

Hindle, Brooke. The Pursuit of Science in Revolutionary America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1956.

Hodges, Graham R., ed. The Black Loyalist Directory: African American in Exile after the American Revolution. New York: Garland Publishing in association with the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1996.

Hodson, Christopher. “‘A Bondage So Harsh’ Acadian Labor in the French Caribbean, 1763–1766.” Early American Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 5(1) (Spring 2007), 95–131.

——— The Acadian Diaspora: An Eighteenth-Century History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Holbrook, Stewart H. The Yankee Exodus: An Account of Migration from New England. New York: Macmillan, 1950.

Hornsby, Stephen J. Surveyors of Empire: Samuel Holland, J.F.W. DesBarres, and the Making of The Atlantic Neptune. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011.

Hornsby, Stephen and John Reid, eds. New England and the Maritime Provinces: Connections and Comparisons. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Houle, Daniel, Jean-David Moore, and Jean Provencher. “Ice Bridges on the St. Lawrence River as an Index of Winter Severity from 1620 to 1910.” Journal of Climate 20 (2007), 757–764.

Hoyle, Richard W., ed. Custom, Improvement, and the Landscape in Early Modern Britain. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2011.

Hubbard  Jr., Bill American Boundaries: The Nation, the States, the Rectangular Survey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Hudson, Nicolas. “From ‘Nation’ to ‘Race’: The Origin of Racial Classification in Eighteenth-Century Thought.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 29(3) (Spring 1996), 247–264.

Hunter, Phyllis W. Purchasing Identity in the Atlantic World: Massachusetts Merchants, 1670–1780. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001.

(p.231) Innes, Stephen. Creating the Commonwealth: The Economic Culture of Puritan New England. New York: Norton, 1995.

Inwood, Kris, ed. Farm, Factory, and Fortune: New Studies in the Economic History of the Maritime Provinces. Fredericton, New Brunswick: Acadiensis Press, 1993.

“Itineraries of Atlantic Science–New Questions, New Approaches, New Directions.” Special issue of Atlantic Studies: Global Currents 7(4) (2010).

Jaffee, David. “The Village Enlightenment in New England, 1760–1820.” WMQ 47(3) (July 1990), 327–346.

——— People of the Wachusett: Greater New England in History and Memory, 1630–1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Jankovic, Vladimir. Reading the Skies: A Cultural History of English Weather, 1650–1820. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Jardine, Nicholas, James Secord, and Emma Spary, eds. Cultures of Natural History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Jasanoff, Maya. Liberty’s Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World. New York: Knopf, 2011.

Johnson, Richard R. John Nelson, Merchant Adventurer: A Life between Empires. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Jones, David S. Rationalizing Epidemics: Meanings and Uses of American Indian Mortality Since 1600. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Jonsson, Fredrik Albritton. Enlightenment’s Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013.

——— “Climate Change and the Retreat of the Atlantic: The Cameralist Context of Pehr Kalm’s Voyage to North America, 1748-51.” WMQ 72(2) (Jan. 2015), 99–126.

Judd, Richard W. The Untilled Garden: Natural History and the Spirit of Conservation in America, 1740–1840. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Kamensky, Jane. “‘In These Contrasted Climes, How Chang’d the Scene’: Progress, Declension, and Balance in the Landscapes of Timothy Dwight.” The New England Quarterly 63(1) (March 1990), 80–108.

Kernaghan, Lois. “A Man and His Mistress: J.F.W. DesBarres and Mary Cannon.” Acadiensis 11(1) (1981–1982), 23–42.

Knittle, William A. Early Eighteenth-Century Palatine Emigration. Philadelphia: Dorrance & Co., 1937.

Koerner, Lisbet. Linnaeus: Nature and Nation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Kohlstedt, Sally G., ed. The Origins of Natural Science in America: The Essays of George B. Goode. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991.

Kopytoff, Barbara. “Early Jamaican Political Development.” WMQ 35(2) (1978), 287–397.

Kulikoff, Allan. “Households and Markets: Towards a New Synthesis of American Agrarian History.” WMQ 50 (1993), 340–355.

(p.232) —— From British Peasants to Colonial American Farmers. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Kupperman, Karen O. “The Puzzle of the American Climate in the Early Colonial Period.” AHR 87(5) (1982), 1262–1289.

——— “Fear of Hot Climates in the Anglo-American Colonial Experience.” WMQ 41(2) (1984), 213–240.

——— “Climate and Mastery of the Wilderness in Seventeenth-Century New England.” Seventeenth Century New England. Boston: Colonial Society of Massachusetts, 1984, 3–38

Lamb, Hubert H. The Changing Climate: Selected Papers. London: Methuen, 1966.

Lanphear, Kim M. and Dean R. Snow. “European Contact and Indian Depopulation in the Northeast: The Timing of the First Epidemics.” Ethnohistory 35(1) (Winter 1988), 15–33.

Latour, Bruno. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Lawson, Russell M. The American Plutarch: Jeremy Belknap and the Historian’s Dialogue with the Past. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998.

——— Passaconaway’s Realm: Captain John Evans and the Exploration of Mount Washington. Hanover,NH: University Press of New England, 2002.

LeBlanc, Ronnie-Gilles, ed. Du Grand Dérangement à la Déportation: Nouvelles perspectives historiques. Moncton, New Brunswick: Chaire d’études acadiennes, 2005.

Leder, Lawrence H. Robert Livingston, 1654–1728 and the Politics of Colonial New York. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.

Lewis, Andrew J. “A Democracy of Facts, An Empire of Reason: Swallow Submersion and Natural History in the Early American Republic.” WMQ 62(4) (Oct. 2005), 663–696.

Li, Hui Lin. “Luigi Castiglioni as a Pioneer in Plant Geography and Plant Introduction.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 99(2) (Apr. 1955), 51–56.

Locher, Fabien and Jean-Baptiste Fressoz. “Modernity’s Frail Climate: A Climate History of Environmental Reflexivity.” Critical Inquiry 38(3) (Spring 2012), 579–598.

Loehr, Rodney C. “The Influence of English Agriculture on American Agriculture, 1775–1825.” Agricultural History 11(1) (Jan. 1937), 3–15.

Lockridge, Kenneth. “Land, Population, and the Evolution of New England Society, 1630–1790.” Past & Present 39 (Apr. 1968), 62–80.

MacKenzie, John M. and T. M. Devine. Scotland and the British Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

MacKinnon, Neil. This Unfriendly Soil: The Loyalist Experience in Nova Scotia, 1783–1791. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1986.

MacLaren, I.S. “The Limits of the Picturesque in British North America.” Journal of Garden History 1 (Jan.–March 1985), 97–111.

(p.233) MacLeod, Roy M., ed. “Nature and Empire: Science and the Colonial Enterprise.” Osiris, 2nd Ser., 15 (2000).

Maier, Pauline. “Popular Uprisings and Civil Authority in Eighteenth-Century America.” WMQ 27(1) (1970), 4–35.

Main, Gloria L. and Jackson T. Main. “Economic Growth and the Standard of Living in Southern New England.” Journal of Economic History 48(1) (March 1988), 27–46.

Mancall, Peter C. Fatal Journey: The Final Expedition of Henry Hudson. New York: Basic Books, 2009

——— “The Raw and the Cold: Five English Sailors in Sixteenth-Century Nunavut.” WMQ 3rd Ser. 70(1) (Jan. 2013), 3–40.

Mancke, Elizabeth. The Fault Lines of Empire: Political Differentiation in Massachusetts and Nova Scotia, 1760-1830. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Mancke, Elizabeth and Carole Shammas. The Creation of a British Atlantic World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Marcott, Shaun A. et al. “A Reconstruction of Regional and Global Temperature for the Past 11,300 Years.” Science 339, 1198 (2013), DOI: 10.1126/science.1228026.

Marshall, P.J., ed. The Oxford History of the British Empire. The Eighteenth Century. Vol. 2. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

——— Remaking the British Atlantic: The United States and the British Empire after American Independence. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Marshall, P.J. and Glyndwr Williams. The Great Map of Mankind: British Perceptions of the World in the Age of Enlightenment. London: J.M. Dent, 1982.

Marvin, Mary Vaughan. Benjamin Vaughan, 1751–1835. Hallowell, Maine: Hallowell Printing, 1979.

Matson, Cathy, ed. The Economy of Early America: Historical Perspectives and New Directions. University Park: Penn State University Press, 2006.

McAdam, Jane. Climate Change, Forced Migration, and International Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

McClellan III, James E. Colonialism and Science: Saint Domingue in the Old Regime. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

——— Science Reorganized: Scientific Societies in the Eighteenth Century. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

McClelland, Peter. Sowing Modernity: America’s First Agricultural Revolution. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.

McCorison, Marcus A., ed. “A Daybook from the Office of the Rutland Herald.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 76(2) (1966), 293–395.

McCorkle, Barbara B. New England in Early Printed Maps, 1513–1800: An Illustrated Carto-Bibliography. Providence, RI: John Carter Brown Library, 2001.

McCormick, Ted. William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

McCusker John J., and Russell R. Menard. The Economy of British America, 1607–1789. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

(p.234) McLaren, John, ed. Despotic Dominion: Property Rights in British Settler Societies. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2004.

McNeill, John R. Mosquito Empires: Ecology and War in the Greater Caribbean, 1620–1914. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

McWilliams, James E. “‘To Forward Well-Flavored Productions’: The Kitchen Garden in Early New England.” The New England Quarterly 77(1) (March 2004), 25–50.

——— Building the Bay Colony: Local Economy and Culture in Early Massachusetts. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2007.

Melzer, Sara E. Colonizer or Colonized: The Hidden Stories of Early Modern French Culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.

Merchant, Carolyn. Ecological Revolutions: Nature, Gender, and Science in New England. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Miller, David P. and Peter H. Reill, eds. Visions of Empire: Voyages, Botany, and Representations of Nature. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Miller, Perry. The New England Mind: From Colony to Province. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1953.

——— Errand Into the Wilderness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984 (1956).

Minardi, Margot. Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Mingay, G. E., ed. The Agrarian History of England and Wales: 1750–1850. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

——— The Agricultural Revolution, 1650–1880. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1977.

——— Arthur Young and His Times. New York: Macmillan, 1975.

Mitchison, Rosalind. Agricultural Sir John: The Life of Sir John Sinclair of Ulbster, 1754–1835. London: Geoffrey Bles, 1962.

Monaghan, Jennifer E. Learning to Read and Write in Colonial America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005.

Moore, Susan Hardman. Pilgrims: New World Settlers and the Call of Home. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

Morgan, Edmund S. The Gentle Puritan: A Life of Ezra Stiles, 1728–1795. New York: Norton, 1983.

Morison, Samuel Eliot, ed. William Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620–1647. New York: Knopf, 1952.

Murray, Craig C. Benjamin Vaughan: The Life of an Anglo-American Intellectual. New York: Arno Press, 1982.

Naftel, William D. Prince Edward’s Legacy: The Duke of Kent in Halifax, Romance and Beautiful Buildings. Halifax: Formac, 2005.

Neale, Erskine. The Life of Field Marshall, HRH, Edward, the Duke of Kent. London: Richard Bentley, 1850.

Newell, Margaret Ellen. From Dependency to Independence: Economic Revolution in Colonial New England. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998. (p.235)

Noël, Françoise. The Christie Seigneuries: Estate Management and Settlement in the Upper Richelieu Valley, 176–1859. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1992.

O’Brian, Patrick. Joseph Banks: A Life. London: Harvill Press, 1987.

O’Grady, Brendan. Exiles and Islanders: The Irish Settlers of Prince Edward Island. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2004.

Ogborn, Miles and Charles W.J. Withers. Georgian Geographies: Essays on Space, Place, and Landscape in the Eighteenth Century. New York: Manchester University Press, 2004.

Olson, Alison G. Making the Empire Work: London and American Interest Groups, 1690–1790. Cambridge,MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

O’Malley, Therese. “Appropriation and Adaptation: Early Gardening Literature in America.” Huntington Library Quarterly (Summer 1992), 401–431.

Oreskes, Naomi. “The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change.” Science 306 (Dec. 2004), 1686.

Osborne, Michael A. “Acclimatizing the World: A History of the Paradigmatic Colonial Science.” Osiris 2nd Ser. 15 (2000), 135–151.

Oslund, Karen. “Imagining Iceland: Narratives of Nature and History in the North Atlantic.” British Journal of the History of Science 35 (2002), 313–334.

Otterness, Philip. Becoming German: The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Pagden, Anthony. Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Spain. Britain, and France, c. 1500-c. 1800. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Parker, Geoffrey. Global Crisis: War, Climate Change, and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013.

Parrish, Susan Scott. American Curiosity: Cultures of Natural History in the Colonial British Atlantic World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Pastore, Christopher L. Between Land and Sea: The Atlantic Coast and the Transformation of New England. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Pauly, Philip J. “Fighting the Hessian Fly: American and British Responses to Insect Invasion, 1776–1789.” Environmental History 7 (July 2002), 377–400.

Peace, Thomas G.M. “Deconstructing the Sauvage/Savage in the Writing of Samuel de Champlain and Captain John Smith.” French Colonial History 7 (2006), 1–20.

Pedley, Mary. “Map Wars: The Role of Maps in the Nova Scotia/Acadia Boundary Disputes of 1750.” Imago Mundi 50 (1998), 96–104.

——— The Commerce of Cartography: Making and Marketing Maps in Eighteenth-Century France and England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Perl-Rosenberg, Nathan. “Private Letters and Public Diplomacy: The Adams Network and the Quasi-War, 1797–1798.” Journal of the Early Republic 31(2) (Summer 2011), 283–311.

Phillips, Mark S. Society and Sentiment: Genres of Historical Writing in Britain, 1740–1820. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

(p.236) Phillips, Patricia. The Scientific Lady: A Social History of Women’s Scientific Interests, 1520–1918. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1990.

Plank, Geoffrey G. An Unsettled Conquest: The British Campaign Agaist the Peoples of Acadia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. New York: Routledge, 1992.

Price, Richard, ed. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Prince, Sue Ann. Stuffing Birds, Pressing Plants, Shaping Knowledge: Natural History in North America, 1730–1860. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2003.

Rappaport, Rhoda. When Geologists Were Historians, 1665–1750. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Rawlyk, George. Nova Scotia’s Massachusetts: A Study of Massachusetts-Nova Scotia Relations, 1630–1784. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1973.

Regis, Pamela. Describing Early America: Bartram, Jefferson, Crèvecoeur, and the Rhetoric of Natural History. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1992.

Reid, John G. Acadia, Maine, and New Scotland: Marginal Colonies in the Seventeenth Century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.

——— et al. The ‘Conquest’ of Acadia, 1710: Imperial, Colonial, and Aboriginal Constructions. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

——— Essays on Northeastern North America: Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008.

Richards, John F. The Unending Frontier: An Environmental History of the Early Modern World. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.

Ritvo, Harriet. The Animal Estate: The English and Other Creatures in the Victorian Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

——— “At the Edge of the Garden: Nature and Domestication in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Huntington Library Quarterly (Summer 1992), 363–378.

——— “Going Forth and Multiplying: Animal Acclimatization and Invasion.” Environmental History 17(2) (Apr. 2012), 404–414.

Rivers, Isabel and David L. Wykes, eds. Joseph Priestley: Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Roberts, Justin. Slavery and the Enlightenment in the British Atlantic, 1750–1807. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Rothenberg, Winifred. “The Emergence of a Capital Market in Rural Massachusetts, 1730–1838.” Journal of Economic History 45(4) (1985), 781–808.

——— From Market Places to a Market Economy: The Transformation of Rural Massachusetts, 1750–1850. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Rothschild, Emma. “A Horrible Tragedy in the French Atlantic.” Past & Present 192 (Aug. 2006), 67–108.

Rudwick, Martin J. S. Bursting the Limits of Time: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

(p.237) Russell, Howard S. A Long, Deep Furrow: Three Centuries of Farming in New England. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1982.

Rutman, Darrett B. “Governor Winthrop’s Garden Crop: The Significance of Agriculture in the Early Commerce of Massachusetts Bay.” WMQ 20(3) (1963), 396–415.

Safier, Neil. “Transformations de la zone torride: Les répertoires de la nature tropicale à l’époque des Lumières.” Annales: Histoire, sciences sociales 66(1) (Jan.–March 2011),143–172.

Sahlins, Peter. Boundaries: The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.

Salisbury, Neal. Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New England, 1500–1643. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Samson, Danny. The Spirit of Industry and Improvement: Liberal Government and Rural-Industrial Society, Nova Scotia, 1790–1862. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2008.

Sayre, Gordon M. Les Sauvages Américains: Representations of Native Americans in French and English Colonial Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Schama, Simon. Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution. London: BBC Books, 2005.

Schiebinger, Londa and Claudia Swan. Colonial Botany: Science, Commerce, and Politics in the Early Modern World. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

Schmidt, Benjamin. “Mapping An Empire: Cartographic and Colonial Rivalry in Seventeenth-Century Dutch and English North America.” WMQ 54(3) (July 1997), 549–578.

Scodel, Joshua. Excess and the Mean in Early Modern English Literature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Scott, James C. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.

Shapin, Steven and Simon Schaffer. Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Shenstone, Susan Burgess. So Obstinately Loyal: James Moody, 1744–1809. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Sherman, William H. “Stirrings and Searchings: 1500–1720.” The Cambridge Companion to Travel Writing. Peter Hulme and Tim Youngs, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 29–32

Shields, David. Civil Tongues and Polite Letters in British America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Shipton, Clifford K. Biographical Sketches of Those Who Attended Harvard College in the Classes 1751–1755. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1965.

Shteir, Ann B. Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760-1860. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

(p.238) Slack, Paul R. The Invention of Improvement: Information and Material Progress in Seventeenth-Century England. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Slonosky, Victoria. “The Meteorological Observations of Jean-Francois Gaultier, Quebec, Canada: 1742-56.” Journal of Climate 16 (2003), 2232–2247.

Smith, Daniel Scott. “The Demographic History of New England.” Journal of Economic History 32(1) (March 1972), 165–183.

Smith, John H. The Perfect Rule of the Christian Religion: A History of Sandemanianism in the Eighteenth Century. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2009.

Snider, Alvin. “Hard Frost: 1684.” Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies 8(2) (Fall– Winter, 2008), 8–32.

Sparling, Mary. Great Expectations: The European Vision of Nova Scotia, 1749–1848. Halifax: Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery, 1980.

Spary, Emma C. Utopia’s Garden: French Natural History from the Old Regime to the Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Staller, John E. et al., eds. Histories of Maize: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Prehistory, Linguistics, Biogeography, Domestication, and Evolution of Maize. Boston: Elsevier Academic Press, 2006.

Statt, Daniel. Foreigners and Englishmen: The Controversy over Immigration and Population, 1690–1760. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 1995.

Stearns, Raymond P. Science in the British Colonies of America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1970.

Steele, Ian K. The English Atlantic, 1675–1740: An Exploration of Communication and Community. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Steinberg, Ted. Nature Incorporated: Industrialization and the Waters of New England. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Stern, Philip J. and Carl Wennerlind. Mercantilism Reimagined: Political Economy in Early Modern Britain and Its Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Stoll, Steven. Larding the Lean Earth: Soil and Society in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Hill and Wang, 2002.

Story, Ronald. The Forging of an Aristocracy: Harvard and the Boston Upper Class, 1800–1870. Middletown,CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1980.

Stowell, Marion B. Early American Almanacs: The Colonial Weekday Bible. New York: Burt Franklin, 1977.

Sutherland, Willard. Taming the Wild Field: Colonization and Empire on the Russian Steppe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006.

Taylor, Alan. “‘Wasty Ways’: Stories of American Settlement.” Environmental History 3:3 (July 1998), 291–310.

——— Liberty Men and Great Proprietors: The Revolutionary Settlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760–1820. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.

Teich, Mikulas, Roy Porter, and Bo Gustafsson, eds. Nature and Society in Historical Context. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

(p.239) Thomas, Peter A. “Contrastive Subsistence Strategies and Land Use as Factors for Understanding Indian-White Relations in New England.” Ethnohistory 23(1) (Winter 1976), 1–18.

Thorne, R.G. The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1790–1820. 5 vols. London: Secker & Warburg, 1986.

Thornton, Tamara P. Cultivating Gentlemen: The Meaning of Country Life Among the Boston Elite, 1785-1860. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989.

Troxler, Carole W. “Re-enslavement of Black Loyalists: Mary Postell in South Carolina, East Florida, and Nova Scotia.” Acadiensis 37(2) (Summer/Autumn 2008), 70–85.

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard Based on Her Diary, 1785–1812. New York: Knopf, 1990.

——— Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England. New York: Vintage, 1991 [1982].

Valencius, Conevery B. The Health of the Country: How American Settlers Understood Themselves and their Land. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

Valenze, Deborah. “The Art of Women and the Business of Men: Women’s Work and the Dairy Industry c. 1740–1840.” Past & Present 130 (Feb. 1991), 142–169.

Van Gestel-van het Schip and Paula and Peter van der Krogt, eds. Mappae antiqua: liber amicorum Günter Schilder: Vriendenboek ter gelegenheid van zijn 65ste verjaardag [Essays on the occasion of his 65th birthday]. ‘t Goy-Houten: Hes & De Graaf, 2007.

Vetter, Jeremy. “Wallace’s Other Line: Human Biogeography and Field Practice in the Eastern Colonial Tropics.” Journal of the History of Biology 39 (2006), 89–123.

Vickers, Daniel. “The Northern Colonies: Economy and Society, 1600–1775.” Cambridge Economic History of the United States. Robert Gallman and Stanley Engerman, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 209–248.

——— “Those Dammed Shad: Would the River Fisheries of New England Have Survived in the Absence of Industrialization?” WMQ 61 (2004), 685–712.

——— Farmers and Fishermen: Two Centuries of Work in Essex County, Massachusetts, 1630–1850. Chapel Hill: University of North Caroline Press, 1994.

Vogel, Brant. “The Letter from Dublin: Climate Change, Colonialism, and the Royal Society in the Seventeenth Century.” Osiris 26(1) (2011), 111–128.

Walker, James S. G. The Black Loyalist: The Search for a Promised Land in Nova Scotia and Sierra Leone, 1783–1870. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World-System II: Mercantilism and the Consolidation of the European World Economy, 1600–1750. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011 (1980).

Webb, James. Humanity’s Burden: A Global History of Malaria. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Routledge, 2001.

(p.240) White, Richard. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650–1815. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

——— “It’s your Misfortune and None of My Own”: A History of the American West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

White, Sam. The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

——— “The Real Little Ice Age.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 44 (2013), 327–352.

Whitfield, Harvey A. Blacks on the Border: The Black Refugees in British North America, 1815–1860. Burlington: University of Vermont Press, 2006.

——— “Black Loyalists and Black Slaves in Maritime Canada.” History Compass 5(6) (Nov. 2007), 1980–1997.

——— “Slavery in English Nova Scotia, 1750–1810,” Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Nova Scotia 13 (2010).

Wilderson, Paul W. Governor John Wentworth and the American Revolution: The English Connection. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1994.

Williams, William H. A. Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-Famine Ireland. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008.

Wilmot, Sarah. The Business of Improvement: Agriculture and Scientific Culture in Britain, c. 1770–1870. Bristol, CT: Historical Geography Research Series, No. 24, 1990.

Winks, Robin. The Relevance of Canadian History: U.S. and Imperial Perspectives. Toronto: Macmillan, 1979.

——— The Blacks in Canada. 2nd ed. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2003.

Withers, Charles. Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

——— “Reporting, Mapping, Trusting: Making Geographical Knowledge in the Late Seventeenth Century.” Isis 90(3) (Sep. 1999), 497–521.

Wolff, Larry. Inventing Eastern Europe: The Map of Civilization in the Mind of the Enlightenment. Palo Alto,CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Wood, Gillen D’Arcy. Tambora: The Eruption That Changed the World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Wood, Gordon S., The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Vintage, 1991.

——— Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different. New York: Penguin, 2006.

Woodward, Walter W. Prospero’s America: John Winthrop Jr., Alchemy, and the Creation of New England Culture, 1606–1676. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Wynn, Graeme, “Exciting a Spirit of Emulation Among the ‘Plodholes’: Agricultural Reform in Pre-Confederation Nova Scotia.” Acadiensis 20(1) (Autumn 1990), 5–51.

Yirush, Craig. Settlers, Liberty, and Empire: The Roots of Early American Political Theory, 1675–1775. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

(p.241) Zielinski, Gregory A. and Barry D. Keim. New England Weather, New England Climate. Hanover, NH: University of New England Press, 2003.

Zilberstein, Anya. “The Natural History of Early Northeastern America: An Inexact Science.” Dolly Jørgensen, Finn Arne Jørgensen, and Sara B. Pritchard, eds. New Natures: Joining Environmental History with Science and Technology Studies. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2013.

——— “Inured to Empire: Wild Rice and Climate Change.” WMQ 72(1) (Jan. 2015), 125–156. (p.242)