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Cyber War versus Cyber RealitiesCyber Conflict in the International System$
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Brandon Valeriano and Ryan C. Maness

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190204792

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204792.001.0001

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(p.209) Chapter 9 Conclusion
Cyber War versus Cyber Realities

Brandon Valeriano

Ryan C. Maness

Oxford University Press

This chapter will summarize the authors’ findings and policy advice. The goal is to be able to convincingly enter the debate as to how cyber conflict is used at present and also how it should be used in the future. For now, massive cyber operations that impact the civilian population are not allowed; they are taboo. They violate the sacred core of what we value and hold important—the immunity of non-combatants. Operations that would harm civilians are the red line the cyber community has yet to cross. Extreme reactions in the shape of offensive forces and defense walls will only prevent the natural connections that cyber relations enfranchise.

Keywords:   foreign affairs, cyber conflict, international affairs, restraint, norms, cyber reality

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