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Economic Development and Environmental SustainabilityNew Policy Options$
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Ramón López and Michael A. Toman

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199298006

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199298009.001.0001

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Energy, Equity, and Economic Development

Energy, Equity, and Economic Development

(p.245) 8 Energy, Equity, and Economic Development
Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability

López Ramón

Michael A. Toman

Oxford University Press

There exists the misconception that the percentage of energy used by households declines with development. However, the reverse is true: the use of modern energy by households increases both absolutely and as a percentage of energy use with development. As a result, there are several reasons to focus on energy, namely, that the increased provision of energy services has a demonstrated high marginal value in the context of broader economic growth; that energy services remain physically scarce and costly in many parts of the developing world; that production and provision of energy services give rise to thorny issues of economic sector regulation; and that there are important and challenging energy-environment links throughout the chain of production and consumption. This chapter considers the first three of these four aspects of energy and development, and concludes with a summary of lessons learned from previous energy-related development activities and implications for future activities in this area.

Keywords:   energy use, energy scarcity, energy services

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