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Economic Development and Environmental SustainabilityNew Policy Options$
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Ramón López and Michael A. Toman

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199298006

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199298009.001.0001

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Water Institutional Reforms in Developing Countries: Insights, Evidences, and Case Studies

Water Institutional Reforms in Developing Countries: Insights, Evidences, and Case Studies

Chapter:
(p.273) 9 Water Institutional Reforms in Developing Countries: Insights, Evidences, and Case Studies
Source:
Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability
Author(s):

López Ramón

Michael A. Toman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199298009.003.0010

While institutional reforms are critical for developing countries to enhance and sustain the economic and environmental contributions of their water sector, undertaking them is not an easy task in view of binding technical and political economy constraints. Despite these constraints, reforms of varying degree do occur in the water sector of many developing countries. This chapter attempts to explore the nature and extent of these reforms and constraints as well as the policy lessons that these reform experiences offer by (a) utilizing an institutional transaction cost framework, and (b) relying on stylized facts on water institutional reform observed across countries, empirical evidences on how institutional design and implementation principles are used to circumvent technical and political economy constraints, and case studies on the reform process in country-specific context. The chapter concludes by identifying key implications for both theory and policy that could contribute to international policy dialogue on the interface between institutional reform and water resources management.

Keywords:   water crisis, water institutions, institutional linkages, transaction cost theory, political economy, reform design principles, reform implementation principles, India, Mexico

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