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From Marx and Mao to the MarketThe Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition$
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Johan F.M. Swinnen and Scott Rozelle

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199288915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199288917.001.0001

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Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?

Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?

(p.100) 7 Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?
From Marx and Mao to the Market

Johan F. M. Swinnen (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains why reforms were possible during the 1970s in China under the Communist regime, but not in the Soviet Union. It argues that the reasons are a combination of a change in leadership and grassroots pressure. Different choices were made in China than in the Soviet Union because the countries had different initial conditions in the countryside, particularly in terms of technology, incomes and wealth, and the structure of the economy; all affected the choices of the Communist leadership and the actions of citizens.

Keywords:   reforms, Communist Party, grassroots pressure, China, Soviet Union

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