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Becoming a SubjectReflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis$
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Marcia Cavell

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199287086

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199287082.001.0001

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On Judgment

On Judgment

Chapter:
(p.73) 5 On Judgment
Source:
Becoming a Subject
Author(s):

Marcia Cavell (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199287082.003.0006

This chapter discusses Freud’s idea of ‘the reality principle’ as in effect containing an analysis of the necessary conditions for prepositional thought. In calling ‘the setting-up of the reality principle’ a ‘momentous step’, Freud is explicitly contrasting judgments about things as they are with wishes, or expressions of personal taste, or sentences that look like judgments about what is but that are really expressions of disguised wishes. With judgment, come the capacities for reality testing, and also for fantasy, self-deception, delusion, and illusion. Attempts by psychoanalysts, notably Melanie Klein and Wilfred Bion, to derive prepositional thought from fantasies are criticized.

Keywords:   Freud, reality, judgment, Klein, Bion, reality principle, prepositional thought

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