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The Performance of DemocraciesPolitical Institutions and Public Policy$
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Edeltraud Roller

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286423

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199286426.001.0001

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A Model for Explaining the A Model for Explaining the Performance of Liberal Democracies

A Model for Explaining the A Model for Explaining the Performance of Liberal Democracies

(p.76) 3 A Model for Explaining the Performance of Liberal Democracies
The Performance of Democracies

Edeltraud Roller (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter develops a causal model for explaining the performance of liberal democracies. The model builds on explanatory models from three theoretical strands: comparative research on democracy, comparative public policy, and the veto player approach advocated in the context of the new institutionalism. It integrates formal and informal institutional factors as well as the three most-important non-institutional factors for explaining performance: the national level of wealth, the ideological orientation of the government, and the openness of the economy. The causal relationship between these factors is conceptualized on the basis of rational choice institutionalism. Furthermore, this chapter includes a discussion of the constitutional and partisan veto-player indices for measuring institutions. It concludes with a set of specific hypotheses on the effect of formal and informal institutions on political effectiveness.

Keywords:   performance, formal institutions, informal institutions, veto players, globalization, rational choice, majoritarian democracy, negotiation democracy, socioeconomic modernity, government

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