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Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA$
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Bernhard Ebbinghaus

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199286116.001.0001

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Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

Chapter:
(p.250) Chapter 8 Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?
Source:
Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA
Author(s):

Bernhard Ebbinghaus (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199286116.003.0008

This concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book, evaluating the protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ‘push’ approaches to explain the long-term development and cross-national variations in early exit from work. It discusses the difficulties of ‘path dependence’ as well as the opportunities of institutional change to reverse early retirement policies. It recommends a paradigm shift away from early retirement in combination with integration policies that facilitate older workers to remain active.

Keywords:   early retirement, welfare state reform, paradigm shift, path dependence, institutional change, policy reversal, integration policies

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