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Language: A Biological Model$
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Ruth Garrett Millikan

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284764

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199284768.001.0001

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Why (Most) Kinds are not Classes *

Why (Most) Kinds are not Classes *

Chapter:
(p.106) 6 Why (Most) Kinds are not Classes*
Source:
Language: A Biological Model
Author(s):

Ruth Garret Millikan (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199284768.003.0006

Most category words do not designate classes but units of another kind entirely. These units are called “real kinds,” among which are “historical kinds” and “eternal kinds”. The ontology of historical kinds and eternal kinds is compared to that of individuals, and it is argued that just as in the case of individuals, different people may identify the same real kinds in different ways, so that no particular set of properties or paradigms or exemplars will be definitional of any word designating the kind.

Keywords:   categories, concepts, real kinds, definitions, natural kinds, individual concepts

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