This chapter reviews in detail existing knowledge about the subject matter of this study. Notions of pervasive socialization processes leading to attitudinal and behavioural changes for those serving within European institutions are shown to be widespread, appearing in much popular commentary academic literature on the EU, including that on the European Parliament. However, the discussion then goes on to demonstrate that strikingly little evidence has ever been presented to show that significant socialization effects operating among members of EU institutions lead to changes in attitudes and/or behaviour in an identifiably more pro-European direction. Virtually all empirical work in this area hitherto has produced indeterminate or null findings; furthermore, coherent theoretical foundations that might underpin the assumption of actors ‘going native’ in EU institutions have almost never been explicitly developed alongside the conduct of serious empirical research.
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