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Future PeopleA Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations$
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Tim Mulgan

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199282203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/019928220X.001.0001

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The Contract Theory

The Contract Theory

Chapter:
(p.24) 2 The Contract Theory
Source:
Future People
Author(s):

Tim Mulgan (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019928220X.003.0002

One subsidiary aim of this book is to motivate a return to Consequentialism in political philosophy by highlighting its comparative advantage over its main contemporary liberal rival in the area of intergenerational justice: the Contract Theory. It explores both the contractarianism of David Gauthier and the liberal egalitarianism of John Rawls, who represent two general alternatives to the strategy of building political theory on a Consequentialist account of individual morality. This chapter presents new objections to both Gauthier and Rawls, based on their inability to do justice to basic needs in an intergenerational context.

Keywords:   Gauthier, Rawls, contract, intergenerational, egalitarian, liberalism, bargaining, disability

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