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Institutions in TransitionLand Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China$

Peter Ho

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199280698

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/019928069X.001.0001

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(p.255) Appendix M Pasture Use Contract for a Household

(p.255) Appendix M Pasture Use Contract for a Household

Institutions in Transition
Oxford University Press

Note: The following contract was issued by Ma'erzhuang Township to an individual farmer in Shangjijuan Village

[Front page]


Economic Work Section of the Yanchi County Party Committee


Appendix M Pasture Use Contract for a Household

(p.257) [First and second pages]

  1. 1. The person who leases also uses, manages, and constructs grassland for the long term, but is not allowed to sublease or sell it. Those without permission are not allowed to build houses and brick grotto dwellings [on the leased land].

  2. 2. If grassland is leased, it is strictly forbidden to practise overlapped grazing, to cross boundaries in order to collect liquorice root, wild herbs, or to water livestock. Recent cases of illegal overlapped grazing must be reported to a higher administrative level depending on the jurisdiction.

  3. 3. Planning of grassland use must be coordinated. Grassland construction shall be combined with the management per household (per contracting unit). Shelterbelts and artificial grassland (including resown area) originally present on the grassland must be protected and managed by the using unit. If these are damaged, a penalty shall be imposed depending on the situation.

  4. 4. It is strictly forbidden to dig for herbal roots, to collect fodder, or to reclaim grassland. Those who dig and collect are fined 30–50 RMB per offence. Those who reclaim and cultivate are fined 100 RMB per mu, and are required to afforest and replant the area within a given term.

  5. 5. If management and construction are inadequate or usage is inappropriate causing grassland degradation, a grassland compensation fee is imposed. Furthermore, the offender is required to restore the vegetation within a given term on penalty of revocation of the use right to grassland.

  6. 6. Stocking rates shall be enforced. If overstocking occurs, a grassland management fee of 10 RMB per sheep is imposed.

Grassland usage




Area (mu)

Construction tasks





Boundary of Shangjijuan

Boundary of Shang[jijuan] and Ye'erzhuang

Boundary with Er

Boundary with Feng[jigou]




Issuing unit: Ma'erzhuang Township People's Government

Supervising unit: Yuqiang Administrative Village Committee

Leasing and using household: Shang Zhong

Time: 30 August 1987


Appendix M Pasture Use Contract for a Household