Soviet Political Leadership and ‘Sovietological’ Modelling
This chapter discusses studies of the USSR. In the years following the October 1917 Revolution, most studies of the USSR — carried out by either emigres or persons associated with conflicts in the country — focused on the Soviet leadership and its politics. With the inception of the New Economic Policy in 1921, writers began discussing whether the nature of the Soviet order had already begun to change. In the late 1930s, attention focused on the totalitarian model, enhanced by state support for academic study of the USSR. This was followed by studies by ‘revisionists’, who sought to incorporate long overlooked aspects of the Soviet past and present into Sovietology.
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