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International MigrationProspects and Policies in a Global Market$
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Douglas S. Massey and J. Edward Taylor

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199269006

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199269009.001.0001

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Trends in International Migration in and from Africa

Trends in International Migration in and from Africa

(p.59) 4 Trends in International Migration in and from Africa
International Migration

Aderanti Adepoju

Oxford University Press

Africa is a region of considerable, essentially intra‐continental migration, consisting of regional movement by refugees, undocumented migrants, and seasonal labour migrants. Emigrants to northern countries include skilled workers, students, semi‐skilled and unskilled workers and recently autonomous female migrants. The trends and patterns of international migration in and from Africa are shaped by rapid population growth, unstable politics, escalating ethnic conflicts, persistent economic decline, poverty, and environmental deterioration. The traditional pattern of migration is increasingly feminizing, migration destinations are diversifying, movements are more clandestine and spontaneous, and commercial migration is rapidly replacing labour migration.

Keywords:   autonomous female migrants, commercial migration, international migration, labour migration, refugees, skilled workers, undocumented migrants

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