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The Johannine Corpus in the Early Church$
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Charles E. Hill

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199264582

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199264589.001.0001

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John and ‘the Gnostics’

John and ‘the Gnostics’

Chapter:
(p.205) 5 John and ‘the Gnostics’
Source:
The Johannine Corpus in the Early Church
Author(s):

Charles E. Hill (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199264589.003.0006

Investigates the chief empirical basis for the OJP, the use of the Fourth Gospel among ‘gnostic’ and Valentinian authors and groups that can be plausibly dated to the second century. The works of individual teachers and surviving texts, including a number of texts from the Nag Hammadi library, are examined to determine not only their knowledge of the Fourth Gospel (along with the Johannine Letters and Apocalypse) but also the ways in which they used it. The most striking discovery of this study is that the Fourth Gospel was seen by many of these writers not chiefly as an ally but as a text, which simply had to be reckoned with, adapted, and sometimes contradicted. Surprisingly, the only Johannophobia of the period is found not in orthodox writers, but in heterodox works such as the Trimorphic Protennoia, the Second Apocalypse of James, the Apocryphon of James, the Acts of John, Gospel of Truth, and perhaps the Gospel of Thomas.

Keywords:   Acts of John, Apocryphon of James, Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Truth, OJP, Second Apocalypse of James, Trimorphic Protennoia, Valentinian

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