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Epistemology after Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Mi-Kyoung Lee

Abstract

Relativism, the position that things are for each as they seem to each, was first formulated in Western philosophy by Protagoras, the 5th century BC Greek orator and teacher. This book focuses on the challenge to the possibility of expert knowledge posed by Protagoras, together with responses by the three most important philosophers of the next generation, Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus. In his book Truth, Protagoras made vivid use of two provocative but imperfectly spelled out ideas. First, that everyone is a ‘measure’ of the truth, and that everyone is already capable of determining how th ... More

Keywords: relativism, expert knowledge, measure, truth, appearance, skepticism, refutation, perception, knowledge, epistemology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780199262229
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2005 DOI:10.1093/0199262225.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Mi-Kyoung Lee, author
Department of Philosophy, University of Illinois at Chicago
Author Webpage