Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Global CovenantHuman Conduct in a World of States$

Robert Jackson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199262014

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199262012.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 25 February 2017

(p.427) Bibliography

(p.427) Bibliography

Source:
The Global Covenant
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

The references are intended to provide a comprehensive collection of the most import ant studies in the classical approach to international relations. They include citations from the text as well as further references from the main body of literature on international society, both traditional and contemporary. Important references from closely related literatures are also included.

Acton, Lord, ‘Beginning of the Modern State’, in W. H. McNeill (ed.), Lord Acton: Essays in the Liberal Interpretation of History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967).

Adler, E., and M. Barnett (eds.), Security Communities (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

Alderson, Kai, and Andrew Hurrell (eds.), Hedley Bull on International Society (London: Macmillan, 2000).

Alter, K. J., ‘Who are the “Masters of the Treaty”?: European Governments and the European Court of Justice’, International Organization, 52 (1998).

Akehurst, M., ‘Humanitarian Intervention’, in H. Bull (ed.), Intervention in World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— A Modern Introduction to International Law, 6th edn. (London: Allen & Unwin, 1987).

Anderson, M. S., The Rise of Modern Diplomacy (London: Longmans, 1993).

Arend, A., and Robert Beck, International Law and the Use of Force (London and New York: Routledge, 1993).

Arendt, H., The Human Condition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958).

Aristotle, The Politics, tr. T. A. Sinclair (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1962).

Armstrong, David, ‘Law, Justice and the Idea of a World Society’, International Affairs 75/3 (1999), 547–61.

—— and E. Goldstein (eds.), The End of the Cold War (London: Frank Cass, 1990).

—— Revolution and World Order (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

—— ‘Law, Justice and the Idea of a World Society’, International Affairs 73/3 (1999).

Aron, R., Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1966).

Aron, R., Clausewitz: Philosopher of War, tr. C. Booker and N. Stone (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall, 1985).

Ashley, R., ‘The Achievements of Post‐Structuralism’, in S. Smith, K. Booth, and M. Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 240–53.

Ayer, A. J., Language, Truth and Logic (London: Penguin, 1960).

Baechler, Jean, ‘Virtue: Its Nature, Exigency and Acquisition’, in J. W. Chapman and W. A. Galston (eds.), Virtue: Nomos XXXIV (New York: New York University Press, 1992).

(p.428) Baier, K., ‘Justification in Ethics’, in J. Roland Pennock and J. W. Chapman (eds.), Justification: Nomos XXVIII (New York: New York University Press, 1986).

Ball, C. ‘Nattering NATO Negativism: Reasons Why Expansion may be a Good Thing’, Review of International Studies, 24 (1998).

Barry, B., and Robert E. Goodin (eds.), ‘Symposium on Duties Beyond Borders’, Ethics, 98 (1988).

—— and Robert E. Goodin (eds.), Free Movement (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992).

Bartelson, J., A Genealogy of Sovereignty (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Baun, Michael J., An Imperfect Union: The Maastricht Treaty and the New Politics of European Integration (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996).

Baylis, J., and N. J. Rengger (eds.), Dilemmas of World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).

—— and S. Smith (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

Beck, Robert J., Anthony Clark Arend, and Robert D. Vander Lugt (eds.), International Rules: Approaches from International Law and International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Beiner, R., ‘The Moral Vocabulary of Liberalism’, in J. W. Chapman and W. A. Galston (eds.), Virtue: Nomos XXXIV (New York: New York University Press, 1992).

Beitz, C., Political Theory and International Relations (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979).

Berki, R. N., Security and Society (London: Dent, 1986).

Berlin, I., The Hedgehog and the Fox: An Essay on Tolstoy's View of History (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1953).

—— ‘Realism in Politics’, Spectator, 193 (1954).

—— Four Essays on Liberty (London: OUP, 1969).

—— Vico and Herder (New York: Viking Press, 1976).

—— Against the Current: Essays on the History of Ideas (New York: Viking Press, 1980).

—— Concepts and Categories: Philosophical Essays (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1981).

—— The Crooked Timber of Humanity (New York: Vintage Books, 1992).

Berridge, G., ‘The Political Theory and Institutional History of States‐Systems’, British Journal of International Studies, 6 (1980).

—— Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1995).

Best, G., Honour among Men and Nations (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982).

—— Humanity in Warfare (London: Methuen, 1983).

—— War and Law since 1945 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

—— ‘Justice, International Relations and Human Rights’, International Affairs, 71/4 (1995), 775–99.

Bethlehem, D. L. (ed.), The Kuwait Crisis: Sanctions and their Consequences (Cambridge: Grotius Publications, 1991).

Biersteker, Thomas J., and Cynthia Weber (eds.), State Sovereignty as a Social Construct (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Bonanate, L., Ethics and International Politics (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995).

(p.429) Booth, K., ‘Security and Emancipation’, Review of International Studies, 17 (1991).

—— ‘Security in Anarchy: Utopian Realism in Theory and Practice’, International Affairs, 67 (1991).

—— ‘Duty and Prudence’, in L. Freeman (ed.), Military Intervention in European Conflicts (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994).

—— ‘Human Wrongs and International Relations’, International Affairs, 71 (1995).

—— (ed.), Statecraft and Security (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

—— and N. J. Wheeler, The Security Dilemma (London: Macmillan, 1998).

Boyle, J. ‘Natural Law and International Ethics’, in T. Nardin and D. Mapel, Traditions of International Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Bozeman, Adda, Politics and Culture in International History (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1960).

Bredvold, L. I., and R. G. Ross (eds.), The Philosophy of Edmund Burke (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1967).

Brierly, J. L., The Law of Nations, 2nd edn. (London: OUP, 1938).

Brown, C., International Relations Theory: New Normative Approaches (New York: Harvester, 1992).

—— (ed.), Political Restructuring in Europe (London: Routledge, 1994).

—— ‘International Theory and International Society: The Viability of the Middle Way’, Review of International Studies, 21/2 (1995).

—— ‘Cultural Pluralism, Universal Principles and International Relations Theory’, in S. Caney, D. George, and P. Jones (eds.), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996).

—— ‘Contractarian Thought and the Constitution of International Society Perspective’, in David R. Mapel and Terry Nardin (eds.), International Society: Diverse Ethical Perspectives (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).

Brownlie, I. (ed.), Basic Documents on African Affairs (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971).

—— Principles of Public International Law, 3rd edn. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

Buell, R., International Relations, revised edn. (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1925).

Bull, H., The Control of the Arms Race: Disarmament and Arms Control in the Nuclear Age (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1961).

—— ‘Society and Anarchy in International Relations’, in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘The Grotian Conception of International Society’, in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘International Theory: The Case for a Classical Approach’, in K. Knorr and J. N. Rosenau (eds.), Contending Approaches to International Politics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969).

—— ‘Order vs. Justice in International Society’, Political Studies, 19/3 (1971)

—— ‘The New Balance of Power in Asia and the Pacific’, Foreign Affairs, 49/4 (1971).

—— ‘World Order and the Super Powers’, in Carsten Holbraad (ed.), Super Powers and World Order (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1971).

—— ‘International Law and International Order’, International Organization, 26/3 (1972).

—— ‘International Relations as an Academic Pursuit’, Australian Outlook, 26 (1972).

—— ‘The Theory of International Politics, 1919–1969’, in B. Porter (ed.), The Aberystwyth Papers: International Politics 1919–1969 (London: OUP, 1972).

(p.430) Bull, H., ‘War and International Order’, in A. James (ed.), The Bases of International Order: Essays in Honour of C. A. W. Manning, (Oxford: OUP, 1973).

—— ‘New Directions in the Theory of International Relations’, International Studies, 14 (1975).

—— ‘Martin Wight and the Theory of International Relations’, British Journal of International Studies, 2 (1976).

—— ‘The Third World and International Society’, The Year Book of World Affairs, 33 (London: Institute of World Affairs, 1976).

—— ‘Natural Law and International Relations’, British Journal of International Studies, 5/2 (1979).

—— ‘Recapturing the Just War for Political Theory’, World Politics, 31 (1979).

—— ‘The State's Positive Role in World Affairs’, Daedalus, 108/4 (1979).

—— ‘The Universality of Human Rights’, Millennium, 8/2 (1979).

—— ‘Kissinger: The Primacy of Geopolitics’, International Affairs, 56 (1980).

—— ‘The Great Irresponsibles? The United States, the Soviet Union and World Order’, International Journal, 35 (1980).

—— ‘Force in International Relations’, in R. O'Neill and D. Horner (eds.), New Directions in Strategic Thinking (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1981).

—— ‘Hobbes and the International Anarchy’, Social Research, 48/4 (1981).

—— ‘Of Means and Ends’, in R. O'Neill and D. Horner (eds.), New Directions in Strategic Thinking (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1981).

—— ‘The Revolt against the West’, in M. S. Rajan and S. Ganguly (eds.), Great Power Relations, World Order and the Third World (New Delhi: Vikas Publishing, 1981).

—— ‘The West and South Africa’, Daedalus, 111/2 (1982).

—— ‘Intervention in the Third World’, The Non‐Aligned World, 1/3 (1983).

—— (ed.), Intervention in World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— Justice in International Relations, the 1983–4 Hagey Lectures (Waterloo, Ontario: University of Waterloo Press, 1984).

—— (ed.), Intervention in World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— ‘Hans Kelsen and International Law’, in R. Tur and W. Trining (eds.), Essays on Kelsen (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).

—— The Challenge of the Third Reich, the Adam von Trott Memorial Lectures (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).

—— The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics, 2nd edn. (London: Macmillan, 1995).

—— Hedley Bull on International Society, ed. Kai Alderson and Andrew Hurrell (London: Macmillan, 1999).

—— and Wm. Roger Louis (eds.), The Special Relationship: Anglo‐American Relations since 1945 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).

—— and Adam Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— K. Kingsbury, and A. Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Burckhardt, J., The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, 2 vols. (New York: Harper & Row, 1958).

(p.431) Burke, Edmund, Reflections on the Revolution in France, ed. J. G. A. Pocock (Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1987).

—— ‘Letters on a Regicide Peace’, in F. W. Raffety (ed.), The Works of Edmund Burke, vi (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1928).

Burke, P., Montaigne (Oxford, OUP, 1981).

Burton, John, World Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972).

Bussmann, K., and H. Schilling (eds.), 1648: War and Peace in Europe, 2 vols. (Munich: Bruckmann, 1998).

Butler, Peter F., ‘The Individual and International Relations’, in J. Mayall (ed.), The Community of States (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982).

Butterfield, J., Statecraft of Machiavelli (London: Macmillan, 1940).

—— Christianity and History (London: George Bell, 1949).

—— The Whig Interpretation of History (London: George Bell, 1949).

—— History and Human Relations (London: Collins, 1951).

—— ‘The Scientific versus the Moralistic Approach in International Affairs’, International Affairs, 27 (1951).

—— Christianity, Diplomacy and War (London: Epworth, 1953).

—— International Conflict in the Twentieth Century: A Christian View (New York: Harper & Row, 1960).

—— ‘The Balance of Power’, in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘The New Diplomacy and Historical Diplomacy’, in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘Morality and an International Order’, in B. Porter (ed.), The Aberystwyth Papers: International Politics, 1919–1969 (London, OUP, 1972).

—— ‘Global Good and Evil’, in K. W. Thompson and R. J. Myers (eds.), A Tribute to Hans Morgenthau (Washington: The New Republic Book Co., 1977).

—— and Martin Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations: Essays in the Theory of International Politics (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

Buzan, B., Peoople, States and Fear (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983).

—— ‘From International System to International Society: Structural Realism and Regime Theory Meet the English School’, International Organization, 47/3 (1993).

—— ‘International Theory and International Society’, in R. Fawn and J. Larkin (eds.), International Society after the Cold War (London: Macmillan, 1996).

—— O. Waever, and J. de Wilde, Security: A New Framework for Analysis (London: Lynne Rienner, 1998).

Byers, Michael, Custom, Power and the Power of Rules: International Relations and Customary International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Caney, S., D. George, and P. Jones (eds.), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996).

Canning, J., A History of Medieval Political Thought, 300–1450 (London; Routledge, 1996).

Carr, E. H., The Twenty Years' Crisis (New York: Harper & Row, 1964).

—— What is History?, 2nd edn., ed. R. W. Davies (London: Penguin, 1987).

Cassese, Antonio, International Law in a Divided World (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).

(p.432) Chapman, J. W., and W. A. Galston (eds.), Virtue: Nomos XXXIV (New York: New York University Press, 1992).

Charvet, John, ‘What is Nationality, and is there a Moral Right to National Self‐Determination?’, in S. Caney, D. George, and P. Jones (eds.), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996).

—— ‘International Society from a Contractarian Perspective’, in David R. Mapel and Terry Nardin (eds.), International Society: Diverse Ethical Perspectives (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).

Chadwick, H., ‘The Early Christian Community’, in J. McManners (ed.), The Oxford History of Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Churchill, Winston S., Closing the Ring: The Second World War (Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 1951).

Clapham, C., Africa and the International System: The Politics of State Survival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

—— ‘Sovereignty and the Third World State’, in R. Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (special issue, 1999).

Clark, George, Early Modern Europe: From about 1450 to about 1720 (London: OUP, 1960).

—— The Seventeenth Century, 2nd edn. (London: OUP, 1960).

Clark, I., Waging War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

—— ‘Traditions of Thought and Classical Theories of International Relations’, in I. Clark and I. B. Neumann (eds.), Classical Theories of International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1996).

—— and Iver B. Neumann (eds.), Classical Theories of International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1996).

Claude, Inis, Swords into Plowshares, 4th edn. (New York: Random House, 1971).

Coates, A. J., The Ethics of War (Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1997).

Cobban, A., The Nation State and National Self‐Determination (New York: Crowell, 1969).

Coll, A., The Wisdom of Statecraft: Sir Herbert Butterfield and the Philosophy of International Politics (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1985).

—— ‘Normative Prudence as a Tradition of Statecraft’, Ethics and International Affairs, 5 (1991).

Collingwood, R. G., An Autobiography (London: OUP, 1939).

—— The New Leviathan: Man, Society, Civilization and Barbarism (New York: Crowell, 1971).

—— The Idea of History (London: OUP, 1975).

—— Essays in Political Philosophy, ed. David Boucher (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

Connaughton, R., Military Intervention in the 1990s (London and New York: Routledge, 1992).

Cornford, F. R. (tr.), The Republic of Plato (London: OUP, 1945).

Cox, R., ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders’, Millennium, 10 (1981).

—— Approaches to World Order, with Timothy J. Sinclair (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Crawford, J. (ed.), The Rights of Peoples (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988).

Cutler, Claire A., ‘The “Grotian Tradition” in International Relations’, Review of International Studies, 17/1 (1991).

Czempiel, Ernst‐Otto, and James N. Rosenau (eds.), Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges (New York: Lexington Books, 1992).

(p.433) Damrosch, L. F., and D. J. Scheffer (eds.), Law and Force in the New International Order (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1991).

Davis, N., Europe: A History (London: Pimlico, 1997).

De la Billiere, P., Storm Command (London: HarperCollins, 1992).

D'Entreves, A. P., Natural Law (London: Hutchinson, 1970).

Der Derian, James, ‘Introducing Philosophical Traditions in International Relations’, Millennium, 17/2 (1988).

—— (ed.), International Theory: Critical Investigations (London: Macmillan, 1995).

—— ‘Hedley Bull and the Idea of Diplomatic Culture’, in R. Fawn and J. Larkin (eds.), International Society after the Cold War (London: Macmillan, 1996).

Donelan, Michael (ed.), The Reason of States: A Study in International Political Theory (London: Allen & Unwin, 1978).

—— ‘Spain and the Indies’, in H. Bull and A. Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— Elements of International Political Theory (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Donnelly, J., ‘Twentieth‐Century Realism’, in Terry Nardin and David Mapel (eds.), Traditions of International Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

—— ‘Human Rights: A New Standard of Civilization?’, International Affairs, 74/1 (1998), 1–23.

—— International Human Rights Dilemmas in World Politics (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1998).

Doyle, Michael, ‘Kant, Liberal Legacies and Foreign Affairs’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 12 (1983).

—— ‘Liberalism and World Politics’, American Political Science Review, 80 (1986).

Dunne, Tim, ‘The Social Construction of International Society’, European Journal of International Relations, 1/3 (1995).

—— Inventing International Society: A History of the English School London: Macmillan, 1998).

—— and Nicholas Wheeler, ‘Hedley Bull's Pluralism of the Intellect and Solidarism of the Will’, International Affairs, 72/1 (1996).

—— —— Human Rights in Global Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

—— M. Cox, and K. Booth (eds.), The Eighty Years Crisis: International Relations 1919–1999 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Dworkin, R., ‘Is Law a System of Rules?’, in Ronald Dworkin (ed.), The Philosophy of Law (Oxford: OUP, 1979).

Ehlstain, Jean Bethke, Women and War (New York: Basic Books, 1987).

—— (ed.), Just War Theory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).

Epp, Roger, ‘The “Augustinian Moment” in International Politics: Niebuhr, Butterfield, Wight and the Reclaiming of a Tradition’, International Politics Research Occasional Paper, 10 (Aberystwyth: Department of International Politics, 1991).

—— ‘Martin Wight: International Relations as Realm of Persuasion’, in F. A. Beer and R. Hariman (eds.), Post‐Realism: The Rhetorical Turn in International Relations (East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University Press, 1996).

—— ‘The English School on the Frontiers of International Relations’, in Dunne, Cox and Booth (eds.), The Eighty Years Crisis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

(p.434) Evans, Tony, and Peter Wilson, ‘Regime Theory and the English School of International Relations’, Millennium, 21/3 (1992).

Falk, Richard, ‘A New Paradigm for International Legal Studies’, in Falk, F. Kratochwil, and S. H. Mendlovitz (eds.), International Law: A Contemporary Perspective (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1985).

—— ‘The Grotian Moment’, International Insights, 13 (1997).

—— F. Kratochwil, and S. H. Mendlovitz (eds.), International Law: A Contemporary Perspective (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1985).

Fawn, Rick, and Jeremy Larkin (eds.), International Society after the Cold War (London: Macmillan, 1996).

Figgis, J. N., The Divine Right of Kings (New York: Harper & Row, 1965).

Finnis, J., Natural Law and Natural Rights (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980).

Forbes, Ian, and Mark Hoffman (eds.), Ethics and Intervention (London: Macmillan, 1993).

Forsyth, Murray, ‘The Classical Theory of International Relations’, Political Studies, 26 (1978).

Fotion, N., ‘Paternalism’, Ethics, 89 (1979).

Fox, W., Theoretical Aspects of International Relations (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1959).

Frame, D. M. (tr.), The Complete Essays of Montaigne (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1958).

Freedman, L. (ed.), Military Intervention in European Conflicts (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994).

French, P., ‘Morally Blaming Whole Populations’, Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs (Oxford: OUP, 1974).

Frost, M., Towards a Normative Theory of International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

—— ‘What ought to be Done about the Condition of States?’, in C. Navari (ed.), The Condition of States (Buckingham: Open University Press, 1991).

—— Ethics in International Relations: A Constitutive Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Fukuyama, Francis, ‘The End of History?’, The National Interest, 16 (1989).

—— The End of History and the Last Man (New York: Avon Books, 1992).

Gaddis, J., The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War (New York, OUP, 1987).

Gallie, W. B., Philosophers of Peace and War: Kant, Clausewitz, Marx, Engels and Tolstoy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).

—— ‘Wanted: A Philosophy of International Relations’, Political Studies, 27 (1979).

George, S., ‘The Reconciliation of the “Classical” and “Scientific” Approaches to International Relations’, Millennium, 5 (1976).

Gierke, O., Political Theories of the Middle Age, tr. F. W. Maitland (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Gilpin, Robert, War and Change in World Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

—— ‘The Richness of the Tradition of Political Realism’, International Organization, 38/2 (1984).

Goldstein, J., and R. Keohane (eds.), Ideas and Foreign Policy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992).

(p.435) Gong, Gerritt W., The Standard of ‘Civilization’ in International Society (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1884).

Goulding, M., ‘The Evolution of United Nations Peacekeeping’, International Affairs, 69 (1993).

Grader, Sheila, ‘The English School of International Relations: Evidence and Evaluation’, Review of International Studies, 14 (1988).

Greenwood, C., ‘Is there a Right of Humanitarian Intervention?’, The World Today, 49 (1993).

Griffiths, Martin, Realism, Idealism and International Politics: A Reinterpretation (London: Routledge, 1992).

Grotius, Hugo, De Jure Belli ac Pacis Libri Tres, tr. Francis Kelsey (Oxford: OUP, 1925).

Grube, G. M. A. (tr.), Plato: Republic (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1992).

Hale, J. R., Renaissance Europe (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1971).

—— The Civilization of Europe in the Renaissance (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995).

Halle, L., The Nature of Power: Civilization and Foreign Policy (London: Rupert Hart‐Davis, 1955).

—— The Society of Man (London: Chatto & Windus, 1965).

—— The Cold War as History (New York: Harper, 1967).

Halliday, F., Rethinking International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1994).

—— and J. Rosenberg, ‘Interview with Ken Waltz’, Review of International Studies, 24 (1998).

Hamilton, Alexander, The Federalist, No. 6, repr. in R. M. Hutchins (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xliii. American State Papers (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952).

Hamilton, Keith, and Richard Langhorne, The Practice of Diplomacy (London and New York: Routledge, 1995).

Harris, Ian, ‘Order and Justice in The Anarchical Society’, International Studies Quarterly, 69/4 (1993).

Hayek, F. A., Law, Legislation and Liberty, i. Rules and Order (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973).

Helman, Gerald B., and Steven R. Ratner, ‘Saving Failed States’, Foreign Affairs, 89 (1992).

Hendel, C. W. (ed.), David Hume's Political Essays (Indianapolis: Bobbs‐Merrill, 1953).

Henkin, Louis (ed.), Right v. Might: International Law and the Use of Force (New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1991).

Herz, J., Political Realism and Political Idealism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951).

Hill, C., ‘The Study of International Relations in the United Kingdom’, in H. C. Dyer and L. Mangasarian (eds.), The Study of International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1989).

—— and Pamela Beshoff (eds.), Two Worlds of International Relations: Academics, Practitioners and the Trade in Ideas (London: Routledge, 1994).

Hinsley, F. H., ‘The Concept of Sovereignty and the Relations between States’, in W. J. Stankiewicz (ed.), In Defense of Sovereignty (New York: The Free Press, 1964).

—— Sovereignty (London: Watts, 1966).

—— Power and the Pursuit of Peace (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967).

(p.436) Hobbes, T., Leviathan, ed. M. Oakeshott (Oxford: Blackwells, 1946).

—— Man and Citizen (De Homine and De Cive), ed. B. Gert (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1991).

Hoffmann, S., Duties Beyond Borders (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1981).

—— Janus and Minerva: Essays in the Theory and Practice of International Politics (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1987).

—— ‘International Society’, in J. D. B. Miller and J. Vincent (eds.), Order and Violence: Hedley Bull and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

—— ‘Ethics and Rules of the Game between the Superpowers’, in Louis Henkin, Right V. Might: International Law and the Use of Force (New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1991).

—— and D. Fidler (eds.), Rousseau on International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).

Holbraad, C., ‘Hedley Bull and International Relations’, in J. D. B. Miller and J. Vincent (eds.), Order and Violence: Hedley Bull and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Hollis, M., and S. Smith, Explaining and Understanding International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).

Holm, Hans‐Henrik, and Georg Sørensen (eds.), Whose World Order? Uneven Globalization and the End of the Cold War (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1995).

Holmes, R., On War and Morality (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).

Holsti, K. J., Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648–1989 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

—— ‘International Theory and War in the Third World’, in B. Job (ed.), The Insecurity Dilemma (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1992).

—— The State, War and the State of War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Howard, Michael, ‘Problems of a Disarmed World’, in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘War as an Instrument of Policy’, in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— War in European History (Oxford: OUP, 1976).

—— War and the Liberal Conscience (Oxford: OUP, 1981).

—— ‘Ethics and Power in International Policy’, Martin Wight Memorial Lecture, reprinted in Howard, The Causes of War and Other Essays (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984).

—— The Causes of War and Other Essays (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984).

—— ‘The Military Factor in European Expansion’, in H. Bull and A. Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— ‘Temperamenta Belli: Can War be Controlled’, in J. B. Elshtain (ed.), Just War Theory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).

Huntington, S. P., ‘Political Development and Political Decay’, World Politics, 17 (1965).

—— The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996).

Hurrell, Andrew, ‘International Society and the Study of Regimes: A Reflective (p.437) Approach’, in V. Rittberger (ed.), Regime Theory and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

—— ‘Vattel: Pluralism and its Limits’, in I. Clark and I. B. Neumann (eds.), Classical Theories of International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1996).

—— ‘Society and Anarchy in the 1990s’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

—— ‘Power, Principles and Prudence: Protecting Human Rights in a Deeply Divided World’, in T. Dunne and N. J. Wheeler (eds.), Human Rights in Global Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).

—— and B. Kingsbury (eds.), The International Politics of the Environment (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).

Hutchins, R. M. (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xlii. Kant (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952).

—— (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xliii. American State Papers (Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952).

Irwin, T. (tr.), Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1985).

Jackson, R., ‘Quasi‐States, Dual Regimes, and Neoclassical Theory: International Jurisprudence and the Third World’, International Organization, 41/4 (1987).

—— ‘Civil Science: Comparative Jurisprudence and Third World Governance’, Governance, 1/4 (1988).

—— ‘Martin Wight, International Theory and the Good Life’, Millennium 19/2 (1990).

—— Quasi‐States: Sovereignty, International Relations and the Third World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

—— ‘Pluralism in International Political Theory’, Review of International Studies, 18 (1992).

—— ‘The Security Dilemma in Africa’, in B. Job (ed.), The Insecurity Dilemma (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1992).

—— ‘The Weight of Ideas in Decolonization’, in J. Goldstein and R. Keohane (eds.), Ideas and Foreign Policy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993).

—— ‘The Political Theory of International Society’, in K. Booth and S. Smith (eds.), International Relations Theory Today (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995), 110–28.

—— ‘International Community beyond the Cold War’, in G. Lyons and M. Mastanduno (eds.), Beyond Westphalia? (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).

—— ‘Can International Society be Green?’, in R. Fawn and J. Larkin (eds.), International Society after the Cold War (London: Macmillan, 1996).

—— ‘Is there a Classical International Theory?’, in S. Smith, K. Booth, and M. Zalewski, International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (CUP 1996).

—— ‘The Evolution of International Society’, in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

—— ‘The Grotian Moment in World Jurisprudence’, International Insights, 13 (1997).

—— ‘Boundaries and International Society’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

—— ‘Introduction: Sovereignty at the Millennium’, in Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies 47/3 (1999).

—— (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies 47/3 (special issue, 1999).

(p.438) Jackson, R., ‘Sovereignty in World Politics: A Glance at the Conceptual and Historical Landscape’, in Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (1999).

—— and A. James (eds.), States in a Changing World (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

—— and C. Rosberg, ‘Why Africa's Weak States Persist: The Empirical and the Juridical in Statehood’, World Politics 35/1 (1982).

—— and—— ‘Pax Africana and its Problems’, in R. Bissell and M. Radu (eds.), Africa in the Post‐Decolonization Era (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1984).

Jackson Preece, J., ‘Minority Rights in Europe from Westphalia to Helsinki’, Review of International Studies, 23 (1997).

—— ‘National Minorities versus State Sovereignty in Europe Today: Changing Norms in International Relations?’, Nations and Nationalism, 3/3 (1997).

—— ‘Ethnic Cleansing as an Instrument of Nation‐State Creation: Changing State Practices and Evolving Legal Norms’, Human Rights Quarterly, 20/4 (1998).

—— National Minorities and the European Nation‐States System (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).

James, A. (ed.), The Bases of International Orders: Essays in Honour of C. A. W. Manning (Oxford: OUP, 1973).

—— ‘International Society’, British Journal of International Studies, 4/2 (1978).

—— Sovereign Statehood: The Basis of International Society (London: Allen & Unwin, 1986).

—— ‘The Equality of States: Contemporary Manifestations of an Ancient Doctrine’, Review of International Studies, 18/4 (1992).

—— ‘Diplomacy’, Review of International Studies, 19/1 (1993).

—— ‘System or Society’, Review of International Studies, 19/3 (1993).

—— ‘The Practice of Sovereign Statehood in Contemporary International Society’, in R. Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (1999).

Job, Brian (ed.), The Insecurity Dilemma: National Security of Third World States (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1992).

Johnson, J. T., Can Modern War be Just? (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1984).

—— Just War and the Gulf War (London: University Press of America, 1991).

Joll, James, ‘Politicians and the Freedom to Choose: The Case of July 1914’, in Alan Ryan (ed.), The Idea of Freedom: Essays in Honour of Isaiah Berlin (Oxford, OUP, 1979).

Jones, D. V., ‘The Declaratory Tradition in Modern International Law’, in Terry Nardin and David Mapel (eds.), Traditions of International Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Jones, E. L., The European Miracle: Environments, Economics and Geopolitics in the History of Europe and Asia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Jones, P., ‘International Human Rights: Philosophical or Political?’, in S. Caney, D. George, and P. Jones. (eds.), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996).

Jones, R. J. Barry, ‘The English School and the Political Construction of International Society’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

(p.439) Jones, Roy E., ‘The English School of International Relations: A Case for Closure’, Review of International Studies, 7 (1981).

Jørgensen, Knud Erik (ed.), European Approaches to Crisis Management (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1997).

Kacowicz, A., Zones of Peace in the Third World (New York: SUNY Press, 1998).

Kant, I., ‘The Science of Right’, reprinted in R. M. Hutchins (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xlii. Kant (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952).

—— ‘Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals’, in R. M. Hutchins (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xlii. Kant (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952).

—— ‘Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Purpose’, in H. Reiss (ed.), Kant's Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 41–53.

—— ‘On the Relationship of Theory to Practice in Political Right’, in H. Reiss (ed.), Kant's Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).

—— ‘Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch’, in H. Reiss (ed.), Kant's Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 93–130.

Kantorowicz, E. H., The King's Two Bodies (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957).

Keen, M., Medieval Europe (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1991).

Keens‐Soper, Maurice, ‘The Practice of a States‐System’, in M. Donelan (ed.), The Reason of States (London: Allen & Unwin, 1978).

Kelley, D. R., The Human Measure: Social Thought in the Western Legal Tradition (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard, 1990).

Kennan, G., Realities of American Foreign Policy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1954).

—— Around the Cragged Hill: A Personal and Political Philosophy (New York: Norton, 1993).

Keohane, R. (ed.), Neo‐Realism and its Critics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986).

—— International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1989).

—— ‘Hobbes's Dilemma and Institutional Change in World Politics: Sovereignty in International Society’, in H.‐H. Holm and G. Sørensen (eds.), Whose World Order? (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1995).

—— and Stanley Hoffmann (eds.), The New European Community: Decisionmaking and Institutional Change (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1991).

—— Joseph S. Nye, and Stanley Hoffmann (eds.), After the Cold War: International Institutions and State Strategies in Europe, 1989–1991 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993).

Kersch, T., ‘The Idea of The National Interest: A Conceptual Analysis in the Context of the Gulf War’, Ph.D thesis, University of British Columbia, 1995).

Keylor, W., The Twentieth Century World: An International History (New York: OUP, 1992).

King, C., ‘Where the West went Wrong’, The Times Literary Supplement, 5014 (7 May 1999), 3–4.

Kingsbury, Benedict, ‘Grotius, Law and Moral Scepticism: Theory and Practice in the (p.440) Thought of Hedley Bull’, in I. Clark and I. B. Neumann (eds.), Classical Theories of International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1996).

Kissinger, H., Diplomacy (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994).

—— ‘New World Disorder’, Newsweek (31 May 1999).

Korman, Sharon, The Right of Conquest: The Acquisition of Territory by Force in International Law and Practice (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

Knudsen, T., ‘Humanitarian Intervention Revisited: Post‐Cold War Responses to Classical Problems’, International Peacekeeping, 3/4 (1996).

—— ‘European Approaches to Humanitarian Intervention: From Just War to Assistance—and Back Again?’, in Knud Erik Jørgensen (ed.), European Approaches to Crisis Management (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1997).

—— ‘Humanitarian Intervention and International Society’, Ph.D. dissertation: University of Aarhus.

Kriegel, B., The State and the Rule of Law (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995).

Krasner, Stephen D. (ed.), International Regimes (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1983).

—— ‘Westphalia and All That’, in J. Goldstein and R. Keohane (eds.), Ideas and Foreign Policy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993).

—— Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).

Kratochwil, F., Rules, Norms and Decisions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

—— and J. G. Ruggie, ‘International Organization: The State of the Art on the Art of the State’, International Organization, 40 (1986).

LaSelva, S., ‘Selling Oneself into Slavery: Mill on Paternalism’, Political Studies, 35 (1987).

Lauterpacht, E., C. J. Greenwood, M. Weller, and D. Bethlehem (eds.), The Kuwait Crisis: Basic Documents (Cambridge: Grotius Publications, 1991).

Lauterpact, H., ‘The Grotian Tradition in International Law’, British Yearbook of International Law (1946).

Layne, Cristopher, ‘Kant or Cant: The Myth of the Democratic Peace’, International Security, 19/2 (1994).

Lijpardt, A., The Politics of Accommodation (New York: Prentice‐Hall, 1967).

Linklater, A., Beyond Realism and Marxism: Critical Theory and International Relations (London, Macmillan, 1990).

—— Men and Citizens in the Theory of International Relations, 2nd edn. (London: Macmillan, 1990).

—— ‘The Achievements of Critical Theory’, in S. Smith, K. Booth and M. Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Lipschutz, Ronnie, ‘Reconstructing World Politics: The Emergence of Global Civil Society’, in Millennium, 21/3 (1992).

Little, Richard, ‘International System, International Society and World Society: A Re‐evaluation of the English School’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

Lodge, Juliet (ed.), The European Community and the Challenge of the Future (New York: St Martin's Press, 1993).

(p.441) Lucas, J. R., The Principles of Politics (Oxford: OUP, 1985).

Lugo, L. (ed.), Sovereignty at the Crossroads? (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1996).

Lyon, P., ‘The Rise and Fall and Possible Revival of International Trusteeship’, in M. Twaddle (ed.), Decolonisation and the International Community: Essays in Honour of Kenneth Robinson, Journal of Commonwealth and Commonwealth Politics, 31 (1993).

Lyons, G. and M. Mastanduno (eds.), Beyond Westphalia? State Sovereignty and International Intervention (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).

MacCormick, N., ‘Liberalism, Nationalism and the Post‐Sovereign State’, Political Studies, 44 (1996).

McDougal, Myers S., et al., Studies in World Public Order (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1960).

McGinn, C., ‘The Hollow Man's Story’, The Times Literary Supplement (25 June 1999).

McGwire, M., ‘NATO Expansion: “A Policy Error of Historic Importance” ’, Review of International Studies, 24 (1998).

McIlwain, C. H., The Growth of Political Thought in the West (New York: Macmillan, 1932).

—— Constitutionalism: Ancient and Modern (New York: Cornell University Press, 1947).

McManners, J. (ed.), The Oxford History of Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Machiavelli, N., The Prince, tr. and ed. George Bull (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1961).

—— The Discourses (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1970).

—— The Art of War, tr. and with an introduction by Samuel Griffith (London: Oxford University Press, 1971).

Madison, James, The Federalist, No. 10, in R. M. Hutchins (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xliii (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952).

——The Federalist, No. 51, in R. M. Hutchins (ed.), Great Books of the Western World, xliii (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952).

Manning, C. A. W., The Nature of International Society (London: Macmillan, 1962).

Malcolm, N., Bosnia: A Short History (London: Macmillan, 1994).

Mapel, David R., and Terry Nardin (eds.), International Society: Diverse Ethical Perspectives (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).

Mattingly, G., Renaissance Diplomacy (New York: Dover, 1988).

Mayall, J. (ed.), The Community of States: A Study in International Political Theory (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982).

—— ‘1789 and the Liberal Theory of International Society’, Review of International Studies, 15 (1989).

—— Nationalism and International Society (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990).

—— (ed.), The New Interventionism 1991–1994 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

—— ‘Intervention in International Society: Theory and Practice in Contemporary Perspective’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

—— ‘Sovereignty, Nationalism and Self‐Determination’, in R. Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (1999).

(p.442) Mayr‐Harting, H., ‘The West: The Age of Conversion’, in J. McManners (ed.), The Oxford History of Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Mearsheimer, J., ‘Back to the Future: Instability in Europe after the Cold War’, in S. Lynn‐Jones and S. Miller (eds.), The Cold War and After: Prospects for Peace (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1993).

Meinecke, F., Machiavellism: The Doctrine of Raison d'Etat and its Place in Modern History (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1957).

Midgley, E., ‘Natural Law and the Anglo‐Saxons’, British Journal of International Studies, 5 (1979).

Mill, J. S., ‘A Few Words on Non‐Intervention’, in Essays on Politics and Culture: John Stuart Mill, ed. G. Himmelfarb (New York: Anchor Books, 1963).

—— On Liberty, in J. Robson (ed.), John Stuart Mill: A Selection of His Works (New York: Odyssey Press, 1966).

Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 21/3 (1992), Beyond International Society.

Miller, A. V. (tr.), Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit (Oxford: OUP, 1977).

Miller, J. D. B., and John Vincent (eds.), Order and Violence: Hedley Bull and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Monk, R., Ludwig Wittgenstein: The Duty of Genius (London: Vintage, 1991).

Morgenthau, Hans J., Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, 3rd edn. (New York: Knopf, 1960).

—— Scientific Man versus Power Politics (Chicago: Phoenix Books, 1965).

—— ‘Human Rights and Foreign Policy’, in K. W. Thompson (ed.), Moral Dimensions of American Foreign Policy (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1994).

Moynihan, D. P., On the Law of Nations (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990).

NATO Handbook (Brussels: NATO Office of Information and Press, 1995).

Nardin, Terry, Law, Morality and the Relations of States (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983).

—— ‘The Problem of Relativism in International Ethics’, Millennium, 18 (1989).

—— and David R. Mapel (eds.), Traditions of International Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Navari, C., ‘The Great Illusion Revisited: The International Theory of Norman Angell’, Review of International Studies, 15 (1989).

—— (ed.), The Condition of States (Buckingham: Open University Press, 1991).

—— Internationalism and the State in the Twentieth Century (London: Routledge, 2000).

Newson, D. (ed)., The Diplomacy of Human Rights (New York: University Press of America, 1986).

Nicholls, David, Three Varieties of Pluralism (London: Macmillan, 1974).

Nicholson, M., Causes and Consequences in International Relations (London: Pinter, 1996).

—— ‘The Continued Significance of Positivism?’ in S. Smith, K. Booth, and M. Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Nicolson, Harold, The Evolution of Diplomatic Method (London: Constable, 1954).

—— The Congress of Vienna (London: Cassell, 1989).

Nolan, C. J., Ethics and Statecraft (New York: Praeger, 1995).

—— Power and Responsibility (New York: Praeger, 2000).

(p.443) Nye, Joseph S., Jr., Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power (New York: Basic Books, 1991).

Oakeshott, M., Experience and its Modes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933).

—— (ed.), Hobbes on Civil Association (Oxford: Blackwell, 1975).

—— On Human Conduct (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975).

—— ‘The Vocabulary of the Modern European State’, Political Studies, 23 (1975).

—— On History and Other Essays (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983).

—— Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays, new and expanded edn., ed. Timothy Fuller (Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1991).

—— Religion, Politics and the Moral Life, ed. Timothy Fuller (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1993).

—— Morality and Politics in Modern Europe: The Harvard Lectures, ed. Shirley Robin Letwin (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1993).

—— The Politics of Faith and the Politics of Scepticism, ed. Timothy Fuller (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1996).

Ogley, R., ‘International Relations: Poetry, Prescription or Science?’, Millennium, 10 (1981).

O'Neill, O., ‘Justice and Boundaries’, in C. Brown (ed.), Political Restructuring in Europe (London: Routledge, 1994).

O'Neill, R., and D. Schwartz (eds.), Hedley Bull on Arms Control (London: Macmillan, 1987).

Onuf, N., A World of Our Making (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1989).

—— ‘Intervention for the Common Good’, in G. Lyons and M. Mastanduno (eds.), Beyond Westphalia? (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).

Our Global Neighbourhood: The Report of the Commission on Global Governance (Oxford: OUP, 1995).

Osiander, A., The States System of Europe, 1640–1990 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).

Österud, Öyyvind, ‘The Narrow Entry Gate: Entry to the Club of Sovereign States’, Review of International Studies, 23/2 (1997).

Parekh, B., ‘Beyond Humanitarian Intervention’, in O. Ramsbotham and T. Woodhouse (eds.), Humanitarian Intervention: A Reconceptualization (London: Pinter, 1996).

—— ‘Rethinking Humanitarian Intervention’ International Political Science Review, 18/1 (1997).

Parkinson, F., ‘Latin America’, in R. Jackson and A. James (eds.), States in a Changing World (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

Parry, J. H., Europe and a Wider World: 1415–1715, 3rd edn. (London: Hutchinson, 1966).

Parsons, A., From Cold War to Hot Peace (London: Penguin Books, 1995).

Pellet, A., ‘The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee’, European Journal of International Law, 3 (1992).

Pennock, J. Roland, and J. W. Chapman (eds.), Justification: Nomos XXVIII (New York: New York University Press, 1986).

Peterson, M. J., ‘Transnational Activity, International Society and World Politics’, Millennium, 21 (1992).

—— Recognition of Governments (London: Macmillan, 1997).

(p.444) Philpott, Daniel, ‘Westphalia, Authority, and International Society’, in R. Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (1999).

Pocock, J. G. A., The Machiavellian Moment (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975).

Pompa, L., Vico: Selected Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).

Popper, K. R., The Open Society and its Enemies, i. The Spell of Plato (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1971).

Porter, B. (ed.), The Aberystwyth Papers: International Politics 1919–1969 (London: OUP, 1972).

—— ‘Patterns of Thought and Practice: Martin Wight's “International Theory” ’, in M. Donelan (ed.) The Reason of States (London: Allen & Unwin, 1978).

—— ‘Nationalism’, in J. Mayall (ed.), The Community of States (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982).

Prescott, J., Political Frontiers and Boundaries (London: Unwin Hyman, 1987).

Preuss, U., ‘Two Challenges to European Citizenship’, Political Studies, 44 (1996).

Raffety, F. W. (ed.), The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke (Oxford: OUP, 1928).

Rajan, M. S., and S. Ganguly (eds.), Great Power Relations, World Order and the Third World (New Delhi: Vikas Publishing, 1981).

Ramsbotham, O., ‘Humanitarian Intervention 1990–95: A Need to Reconceptualize?’, Review of International Studies, 23 (1997).

—— and T. Woodhouse (eds.), Humanitarian Intervention: A Reconceptualization (London: Pinter, 1996).

Reiss, H. (ed.), Kant's Political Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).

Rengger, Nicholas, Beyond International Relations Theory? International Relations, Political Theory and the Problem of Order (London: Routledge, 1999).

Richardson, James L., ‘The Academic Study of International Relations’, in J. D. B. Miller and J. Vincent (eds.), Order and Violence: Hedley Bull and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Rittberger, Volker (ed.), Regime Theory and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

Roberson, B. A. (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

Roberts, Adam, ‘Humanitarian War: Military Intervention and Human Rights’, International Affairs, 69/3 (1993).

—— Humanitarian Action in War, Adelphi Paper, 305 (Oxford: OUP, 1996).

—— ‘NATO's “Humanitarian War” over Kosovo’, Survival, 41 (1999).

—— and R. Guelff (eds.), Documents on the Laws of War, 2nd edn. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

—— and B. Kingsbury (eds), United Nations, Divided World: The UN's Roles in International Relations, 2nd, revised edn. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

Rodley, N. S. (ed.), To Loose the Bands of Wickedness (London: Brassey's, 1992).

Rorty, R., ‘Sentimentality and Human Rights’, in S. Shute and S. Hurley (eds.), On Human Rights (New York: Basic Books, 1993).

Rosenblum, N. L., Bentham's Theory of the Modern State (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1978).

(p.445) Rousseau, J.‐J., The Social Contract, tr. Maurice Cranston (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1968).

—— ‘The State of War’, in S. Hoffman and D. Fidler (eds.), Rousseau on International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).

Ruggie, John, Constructing the World Polity (London: Routledge, 1998).

Ryan, Alan (ed.), The Idea of Freedom: Essays in Honour of Isaiah Berlin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Ryle, G., The Concept of Mind (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963).

Schechtman, J., European Population Transfers 1939–1945 (New York: OUP, 1946).

Scheffer, D. J., ‘Commentary on Collective Security’, in L. F. Damrosch and D. J. Scheffer (ed.), Law and Force in the New International Order (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1991).

Schelling, T., The Strategy of Conflict (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980).

—— ‘The Diplomacy of Violence’, in R. Art and R. Jervis (eds.), International Politics, 4th edn. (New York: HarperCollins, 1996).

Schofield, M., ‘Realism and Realpolitik’, The Times Literary Supplement, 504 (7 May 1999), 34.

Schumpeter, J. A., ‘The Sociology of the Intellectual’, in J. Sklar (ed.), Political Theory and Ideology (New York: Macmillan, 1966).

Schwarzenberger, G., Power Politics: A Study of International Society (New York: Praeger, 1951).

—— ‘The Grotius Factor in International Law and Relations’, in H. Bull, B. Kingsbury, and A. Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

—— and E. Brown, A Manual of International Law, 6th edn. (London: Professional Books, 1976).

Schwarzkopf, N., It doesn't Take a Hero (New York: Bantam, 1992).

Shaw, Malcolm, Title to Territory in Africa (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

Shaw, Martin, ‘Global Society and Global Responsibility: The Theoretical, Historical and Political Limits of “International Society” ’, Millennium, 21/3 (1992).

—— Global Society and International Relations (Cambridge: Polity, 1994).

Shue, H., Basic Rights (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980).

Shute, S., and S. Hurley (eds.), On Human Rights (New York: Basic Books, 1993).

Simpson, J., From the House of War (London: Arrow Books, 1991).

Smith, G., Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points after 75 Years, Twelfth Morgenthau Memorial Lecture on Ethics and Foreign Policy (New York: Carnegie Council, 1993).

Smith, M. J., Realist Thought from Weber to Kissinger (Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 1986).

Smith, Steve, ‘The Forty Years Detour: The Resurgence of Normative Theory in International Relations’, Millennium, 21/3 (1992).

—— ‘New Approaches to International Theory’, in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

—— K. Booth, and M. Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Sofer, S., Zionism and the Foundations of Israeli Diplomacy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

(p.446) Sørensen, G., Democracy and Democratization: Processes and Prospects in a Changing World (Boulder, Colo.. and London: Westview, 1993).

—— (ed.), Political Conditionality (London: Macmillan, 1993).

—— ‘An Analysis of Contemporary Statehood: Consequences for Conflict and Cooperation’, Review of International Studies, 23 (1997).

—— ‘Sovereignty: Change and Continuity in a Fundamental Institution’, in R. Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (1999).

Spegele, R., Political Realism in International Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Stankiewicz, W. J. (ed.), In Defense of Sovereignty (New York: The Free Press, 1964).

Steiner, Hillel, ‘Territorial Justice’, in S. Caney, D. George, and P. Jones (eds.), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1996).

Stern, Geoffrey, The Structure of International Society: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations (London: Pinter, 1995).

Stivachtis, Yannis A., The Enlargement of International Society: Culture versus Anarchy and Greece's Entry into International Society (London, Macmillan, 1998).

Suganami, Hidemi, ‘A Normative Enquiry in International Relations: The Case of Pacta Sunt Servanda’, Review of International Studies, 9/1 (1983).

—— ‘The Structure of Institutionalism: An Anatomy of British Mainstream International Relations’, International Relations, 7 (1983).

—— ‘Reflection on the Domestic Analogy: The Case of Bull, Betz and Linklater’, Review of International Studies, 12/2 (1986).

—— The Domestic Analogy and World Order Proposals (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

—— ‘Grotius and International Equality’, in H. Bull, B. Kingsbury, and A. Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

Taylor, Paul, ‘The UN in the 1990s: Proactive Cosmopolitanism and the Issue of Sovereignty’, in R. Jackson (ed.), Sovereignty at the Millennium, Political Studies, 47/3 (1999).

Thompson, K. W., ‘Idealism and Realism: Beyond the Great Debate’, British Journal of International Studies, 3 (1977).

—— Masters of International Thought: Major Twentieth‐Century Theorists and the World Crisis (Baton Rouge, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 1980).

—— (ed.), Herbert Butterfield: The Ethics of History and Politics (Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1980).

—— (ed.), Moral Dimensions of American Foreign Policy (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1994).

—— and R. J. Myers (eds.), A Tribute to Hans Morgenthau (Washington, DC: The New Republic Book Co., 1977).

Tilly, C., Coercion, Capital and European States (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).

Tooley, M. J. (tr.), Bodin: Six Books of the Commonwealth (Oxford: Blackwell, n.d.).

Towle, P., Enforced Disarmament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

Tucker, R., The Inequality of Nations (New York: Basic Books, 1977).

Vasquez, John A., Classics of International Relations (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice‐Hall, 1996).

Venema A., and H. Romijn (eds.), ‘Charter of Paris for a New Europe: A New Era of (p.447) Democracy, Peace and Unity’, in Documents on International Security Policy May 1989–December 1991 (The Hague: Netherlands Atlantic Commission, 1992).

Vincent, R. J., Non‐Intervention and International Order (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974).

—— ‘The Idea of Concert and International Order’, Yearbook of World Affairs, 31 (London: Institute of World Affairs, 1975).

—— ‘Western Conceptions of a Universal Moral Order’, British Journal of International Studies, 4/1 (1978).

—— ‘The Factor of Culture in the Global International Order’, The Yearbook of World Affairs, 34 (London: Stevens & Sons, 1980).

—— ‘The Hobbesian Tradition in Twentieth Century International Thought’, Millennium, 10.2 (1981).

—— ‘Race in International Relations’, International Affairs, 58/4 (1982).

—— ‘Realpolitik’, in J. Mayall (ed.) The Community of States (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982).

—— ‘Change in International Relations’, Review of International Studies, 9/1 (1983).

—— ‘Edmund Burke and the Theory of International Relations’, Review of International Studies, 10 (1984).

—— ‘Racial Equality’, in H. Bull and A. Watson (eds.), The Expansion of International Society (Oxford: OUP, 1984).

—— Foreign Policy and Human Rights: Issues and Responses (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

—— Human Rights and International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

—— ‘The Response of Europe and the Third World to United States Human Rights Diplomacy’, in D. Newson (ed), The Diplomacy of Human Rights (New York: University Press of America, 1986).

—— ‘Grotius, Human Rights, and Intervention’, in H. Bull, B. Kingsbury, and A. Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

—— ‘Order in International Politics’, in J. D. B. Miller and J. Vincent (eds.), Order and Violence: Hedley Bull and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990).

—— ‘The End of the Cold War and the International System’, in D. Armstrong and E. Goldstein (eds.), The End of the Cold War (London: Frank Cass, 1990).

—— ‘The Idea of Rights in International Ethics’, in T. Nardin and D. Mapel (eds.), Traditions of International Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

—— ‘Modernity and Universal Human Rights’, in A. G. McGrew and P. G. Lewis, et al., Global Politics: Globalization and the Nation‐State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), 272–80.

—— and Robert O'Neill (eds.), The West and the Third World: Essays in Honour of J. D. B. Miller (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990).

—— and P. Wilson, ‘Beyond Non‐Intervention’, in I. Forbes and M. Hoffman (eds.), Ethics and Intervention (London: Macmillan, 1993).

—— ‘The Place of Theory in the Practice of Human Rights’, in C. Hill and P. Beshoff (eds.), Two Worlds of International Relations: Academics, Practitioners and the Trade in Ideas (London: Routledge, 1994).

(p.448) Walden, G., Ethics and Foreign Policy (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1988).

Wallace, W. (ed.), The Dynamics of European Integration (London: Pinter, 1990).

Waltz, Kenneth N., Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959).

—— Theory of International Politics (New York: McGraw‐Hill, 1979).

—— ‘The Emerging Structure of International Politics’, International Security, 18/2 (1993).

Walzer, M., Just and Unjust Wars, 2nd edn. (New York: Basic Books, 1992).

—— Thick and Thin: Moral Argument at Home and Abroad (London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994).

Ware, K., ‘Eastern Christendom’, in J. McManners (ed.), The Oxford History of Christianity (Oxford: OUP, 1993).

Warner, D., An Ethic of Responsibility in International Relations (Boulder, Colo.: Lynn Rienner, 1991).

Warner, Rex (tr.), Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War (London: Penguin Books, 1972).

Watson, A., Diplomacy: The Dialogue between States (London: Methuen, 1982).

—— ‘Hedley Bull, States Systems and International Studies’, Review of International Studies, 13/2 (1987).

—— ‘Systems of States’, Review of International Studies, 16/2 (1990).

—— The Evolution of International Society (London and New York: Routledge, 1992).

—— ‘Diplomacy’, in J. Bayliss and N. J. Rengger (eds.), Dilemmas of World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).

—— The Limits of Independence: Relations between States in the Modern World (London: Routledge, 1997).

—— ‘The Practice Outruns the Theory’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

Weber, M., ‘Politics as a Vocation’, in H. H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills (eds.), From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (New York: OUP, 1958).

—— The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, ed. T. Parsons (New York: Free Press, 1964).

—— Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology, ed. G. Roth and C. Wittich (New York: Bedminster Press, 1968).

Wedgwood, C. V., The Thirty Years War (London: Pimlico, 1994).

Weiler, J. H. H., ‘European Neo‐constitutionalism: In Search of Foundations for the European Constitutional Order’, Political Studies, 44 (1996).

Weinberg, G., A World at Arms (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Weller, M. (ed.), Iraq and Kuwait: The Hostilities and their Aftermath (Cambridge: Grotius Publications, 1993).

Welsh, J. M., Edmund Burke and International Relations (London: Macmillan, 1995).

Wendt, A., ‘Anarchy is what States Make of it’, International Organization, 46 (1992).

—— ‘On Constitution and Causation in International Relations’, Review of International Studies, 24 (1998).

—— Social Theory of International Politics (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998).

(p.449) Wheeler, Nicholas J., ‘Pluralist and Solidarist Conceptions of International Society: Bull and Vincent on Humanitarian Intervention’, Millennium, 21/3 (1992).

—— ‘Guardian Angel or Global Gangster: A Review of the Ethical Claims of International Society’, Political Studies, 44 (1996).

—— and Justin Morris, ‘Humanitarian Intervention and State Practice at the End of the Cold War’, in R. Fawn and J. Larkin (eds.), International Society After the Cold War (London, Macmillan, 1996).

—— and Tim Dunne, ‘Hedley Bull and the Idea of a Universal Moral Community: Fictional, Primordial or Imagined?’, in B. A. Roberson (ed.), International Society and the Development of International Relations Theory (London: Pinter, 1998).

Wight, Martin, Power Politics (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, ‘Looking Forward’ Pamphlet 8, 1946).

—— The Development of the Legislative Council 1606–1945, ed. M. Perham (London: Faber & Faber, 1946).

—— The Gold Coast Legislative Council, ed. M. Perham (London: Faber & Faber, 1947).

—— British Colonial Constitutions: 1947 (Oxford, Clarendon, 1952).

—— ‘The Balance of Power’, in H. Butterfield and Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘Western Values in International Relations’, in H. Butterfield and Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— ‘Why is there No International Theory?’, in H. Butterfield and Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations (London: Allen & Unwin, 1966).

—— Systems of States, ed. Hedley Bull (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1977).

—— Power Politics, ed. Hedley Bull and Carsten Holbraad (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1979).

—— Power Politics, 2nd edn., ed. Hedley Bull and Carsten Holbraad (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1986).

—— ‘An Anatomy of International Thought’, Review of International Studies, 13 (1987).

—— International Theory: The Three Traditions, ed. Brian Porter and Gabriele Wight (Leicester: Leicester University Press/Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1991).

Willetts, P., ‘Transnational Actors and International Organizations in Global Politics’, in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

Wilson, P., ‘The English School of International Relations: A Reply to Sheila Grader’, Review of International Studies, 15 (1989).

Wolfers, A., Discord and Collaboration: Essays on International Politics (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1965).

Wolin, S., Politics and Vision (Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown, 1960).

Wright, Moorhead, ‘An Ethic of Responsibility’, in J. Mayall (ed.), The Community of States (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1982).

—— (ed.), Morality and International Relations (Aldershot: Avebury, 1996).

Zacher, M., ‘The Decaying Pillars of the Westphalian Temple’, in James N. Rosenau and Ernst‐Otto Czempiel (eds.), Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

—— Governing Global Networks (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

(p.450) Zartman, I. W. (ed.), Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1995).

Zhang, Yongjin, ‘China's Entry into International Society: Beyond the Standard of “Civilization” ’, Review of International Studies, 17/1 (1991).

—— China in the International System, 1918–1920: The Middle Kingdom at the Periphery (London, Macmillan, 1991).

—— China in International Society since 1949 (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1998).