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CatholicismThe Story of Catholic Christianity$
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Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199259946

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199259941.001.0001

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The Second Thousand Years

The Second Thousand Years

(p.51) 2 The Second Thousand Years

Gerald O'Collins SJ

Mario Farrugia SJ

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the second millennium of Catholic Christianity, before and after the 1492 discovery of the Americas. Up to Columbus, European Catholicism was shaped by building programmes, religious foundations, the sacramentalizing of daily life, crises in the papacy, reform movements, and the rise of national states. After Columbus, Christianity expanded as Europeans spread around the world. Grave abuses helped to trigger the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation, which overlapped with the growth of the new learning facilitated by the invention of printing. The chapter closes with the coming of the world Church, symbolized by the Second Vatican Council (1962–5).

Keywords:   Aquinas, Council of Dante, Francis and Clare, John Paul II, Luther, Trent

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