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Social Mobility in Europe$
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Richard Breen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199258451

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199258457.001.0001

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Trends in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Britain in the Late Twentieth Century

Trends in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Britain in the Late Twentieth Century

Chapter:
(p.195) 8 Trends in Intergenerational Class Mobility in Britain in the Late Twentieth Century
Source:
Social Mobility in Europe
Author(s):

John H. Goldthorpe

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199258457.003.0008

Analyses trends in intergenerational class mobility in Britain between the early 1970s and the early 1990s on the basis of data from the General Household Survey. Over this period there was little change in total mobility rates. Rates of upward mobility, if anything, fell while rates of downward mobility rose–in contrast to the situation in the middle decades of the twentieth century when rising rates of upward mobility were the salient feature. However, there is continuity in that relative rates of mobility, indicating the level of social fluidity, remain little altered. Education plays a major part in mediating class mobility but its influence is now tending to decrease rather than increase, and individuals’ class origins still have a significant independent effect on their class destinations.

Keywords:   Britain, downward mobility, education, meritocracy, social fluidity, social mobility, upward mobility

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