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The Resurrection of God Incarnate$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257461

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199257469.001.0001

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Jesus Founded a Church

Jesus Founded a Church

Chapter:
(p.127) 8 Jesus Founded a Church
Source:
The Resurrection of God Incarnate
Author(s):

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199257469.003.0009

Jesus forming a community based on 12 leaders could only be regarded in first‐century Palestine as founding a new Israel, a church. His instituting the Eucharist at the Last Supper implied that he expected that church would continue after his death. While he may have hoped that it would absorb the old Israel and that the latter would convert the Gentiles, however, the result was to be achieved, Jesus intended his church for all peoples. He did not teach explicitly that the Parousia (his second coming) would occur in his lifetime, but he did warn his disciples to be ready for its coming. The later church, in teaching the three central Christian doctrines of the Trinity, the Incarnation, and the Atonement, developed the teaching of Jesus.

Keywords:   atonement, Christianity, church, Gentiles, Incarnation, Israel, Jesus, Last Supper, Palestine, Parousia, second coming, Trinity

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