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Environmental Justice and the New PluralismThe Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism$
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David Schlosberg

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256419

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199256411.001.0001

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Approaches to Difference in the US Environmental Movement: Classification Schemes, Hegemonic Definitions, and Singular Motivations

Approaches to Difference in the US Environmental Movement: Classification Schemes, Hegemonic Definitions, and Singular Motivations

Chapter:
(p.20) 2 Approaches to Difference in the US Environmental Movement: Classification Schemes, Hegemonic Definitions, and Singular Motivations
Source:
Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism
Author(s):

David Schlosberg (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199256411.003.0002

Attention to the environmental movement does not guarantee a sense of respect for its diversity, so this chapter is dedicated to a study of the limitations inherent in various approaches to the study of environmentalism(s) in the United States. The argument here is that many examiners are more interested in building explanatory models than in understanding the diversity of environmentalism; hence, many models are built on a foundation of exclusion. The chapter first takes a brief look at the limits of standard histories of the environmental movement. It goes on to critically examine the current state of the literature on the environmental movement by investigating methods of classification of variety, the attempt to forge an environmental vanguard (hegemonic progressivism), and the myriad claims to unlocking the motivations of environmental actors. All of these approaches are described as having a tendency to exclude evidence, examples, or categories that do not fit the proposed model.

Keywords:   classification of variety, diversity, environmental motivation, environmental movement, environmentalism, exclusion, hegemonic progressivism, histories, models, pluralism, United States

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