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Democratic Accountability in Latin America$
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Scott Mainwaring and Christoper Welna

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256372

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199256373.001.0001

The Accountability Deficit in Latin America

Chapter:
(p.79) 4 The Accountability Deficit in Latin America
Source:
Democratic Accountability in Latin America
Author(s):

Brian F. Crisp

Matthew Soberg Shugart (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199256373.003.0004

This chapter presents accountability as an inherently vertical relationship. It discusses the conflicts between vertical accountability, horizontal exchange, and superintendence in presidential systems. It is argued that the relations between agents of the state are a function of their connections to the ultimate principal — the citizenry. The proliferation of superintendence agencies may raise expectations that cannot be met without an overhaul of the institutions of vertical accountability in Latin America.

Keywords:   horizontal accountability, vertical accountability, presidential systems, accountability deficit, Latin America, horizontal exchange, state agencies

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