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The Stoic LifeEmotions, Duties, and Fate$
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Tad Brennan

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256266

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199256268.001.0001

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Belief and Knowledge

Belief and Knowledge

Chapter:
(p.62) 6 Belief and Knowledge
Source:
The Stoic Life
Author(s):

Tad Brennan (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199256268.003.0006

This chapter examines the Stoics’ views on belief and knowledge. Stoics define belief as an assent of an impression. There are different kinds of beliefs; the most important ones follow from the fact that there are different kinds of assent, and different kinds of impressions to assent to. Stoics identify a special class impressions — called kataleptic impressions — that have a certain sort of vivid clarity, fidelity, and reliability. A kataleptic impression is one that comes from what is, is stamped and sealed and moulded in accordance with what is, and is of such as sort that it could not come from what is not. Knowledge is defined as a strong assent to a kataleptic impression.

Keywords:   belief, knowledge, impressions, assent, Stoicism, philosophy, Stoics, kataleptic impression

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