- Title Pages
- 1 Why be a Stoic?
- 2 The Ancient Stoics: People and Sources
- 3 The Ancient Philosophical Background
- 4 An Overview of Stoic Ethics
- 5 Impressions and Assent
- 6 Belief and Knowledge
- 7 Impulses and Emotions
- Part III Ethics
- 8 Goods and Indifferents
- 9 Final Ends
- 10 Oikeiôsis <i>and</i> Others
- 11 What Makes an Action Befitting?
- 12 Discovering the Befitting: Two Models
- 13 Discovering the Befitting: A Better Model
- 14 God and Fate
- 15 Necessity and Responsibility
- 16 The Lazy Argument
- 17 The Evolution of the Will
- 18 Taking Stock
- index of citations to original texts
- index of citations to <i>svf</i> (<i>stoicorum veterum fragmenta</i>)
- index of citations to long and sedley's <i>hellenistic philosophers</i>
- Index of Citations to IG2 (Inwood and Gerson, <i>Hellenistic Philosophy</i>, 2ND edition)
- General Index
God and Fate
God and Fate
- (p.235) 14 God and Fate
- The Stoic Life
Tad Brennan (Contributor Webpage)
- Oxford University Press
This chapter discusses the Stoics’ views about God and Fate. The Stoics believe that every event that occurs in the cosmos was fated and determined to occur. When events are controlled by Fate — which is the same thing as Necessity, Zeus, and Providence — they are not influenced from a distance, or controlled from on high. Instead, Fate works on every portion of every object’s being. Thus, the Stoic understanding of fate was intended to play a role on helping individuals take a different view of their lives.
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