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Virtues and Vicesand other essays in moral philosophy$
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Philippa Foot

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199252866.001.0001

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Virtues and Vices

Virtues and Vices

Chapter:
(p.1) I Virtues and Vices
Source:
Virtues and Vices
Author(s):

Philippa Foot

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199252866.003.0001

Virtues and vices, often neglected in analytic philosophy, are discussed here, drawing on the works of Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Immanuel Kant. Virtues are first described as beneficial characteristics that consist in goodness of the will, but a discussion of the virtue of wisdom shows a virtue may also require knowledge. Virtues are seen as correctives of harmful human passions and other general temptations, but this does not mean that a particular act of virtue must always be difficult to perform. Lastly, it is argued that a virtue does not operate as a virtue when turned to a bad end, as for instance when someone needs daring to commit a murder.

Keywords:   St. Thomas Aquinas, Aristotle, courage, Immanuel Kant, vices, virtues, wisdom

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