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Transitions from Education to Work in EuropeThe Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets$
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Walter Müller and Markus Gangl

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252473

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199252475.001.0001

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Explaining change in early career outcomes: labour market conditions, educational expansion, and youth cohort size s

Explaining change in early career outcomes: labour market conditions, educational expansion, and youth cohort size s

Chapter:
(p.251) 9 Explaining change in early career outcomes: labour market conditions, educational expansion, and youth cohort sizes
Source:
Transitions from Education to Work in Europe
Author(s):

Markus Gangl (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199252475.003.0009

Uses panel data modelling to assess the impact of structural change on market entrants' risk of unemployment and patterns of occupational allocation in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s. Youth unemployment rates are shown to have closely followed aggregate economic conditions with only slight impact from demographic factors. Changing occupational outcomes are more dependent on the relative evolution of educational expansion and occupational upgrading, however. In particular, labour market problems of low qualified leavers have empirically resulted from both the economic recession of the early 1990s and continued occupational upgrading in the labour market.

Keywords:   demographic change, economic cycle, educational expansion, labour market entry, occupations, school-to-work transitions, structural change, youth unemployment

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