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Transitions from Education to Work in EuropeThe Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets$
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Walter Müller and Markus Gangl

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252473

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199252475.001.0001

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Returns to education in context: individual education and transition outcomes in European labour markets

Returns to education in context: individual education and transition outcomes in European labour markets

Chapter:
(p.156) 6 Returns to education in context: individual education and transition outcomes in European labour markets
Source:
Transitions from Education to Work in Europe
Author(s):

Markus Gangl (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199252475.003.0006

Describes cross-national differences in individual returns to education at entry into the labour market. With respect to occupational allocation, the analysis finds particularly large returns to education in countries with a strong tradition of vocationally specific training, whereas in the case of the association between education and youth unemployment rates, it is the Southern European labour markets that are deviating considerably from the standard pattern. In terms of explaining cross-national differences in transition patterns from the structure of national educational systems, however, compositional as well as genuine macro effects are found to be more important than differences in returns to education on the micro level. In fact, countries classified as occupational labour market models do well because of relatively favourable skill structures as well as labour market structures receptive of new entrants in general.

Keywords:   educational system, labour market entry, labour market structure, occupational allocation, returns to education, school-to-work transitions, youth unemployment

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