Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Ignorance of Language$

Michael Devitt

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199250967

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199250960.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 24 February 2017

(p.277) References

(p.277) References

Ignorance of Language
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Allen, C., and M. Bekoff. 1997. Species of Mind: The Philosophy and Biology of Cognitive Ethology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Anderson, John R. 1980. Cognitive Psychology and its Implications. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company.

—— 1983. The Architecture of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

—— 1993. Rules of the Mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

—— and Christian Lebiere. 1998. The Atomic Components of Thought. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Antony, Louise. 2003. “Rabbit Pots and Supernovas: On the Relevance of Psychological Data to Linguistic Theory”. In Barber 2003a: 47–68.

—— and Norbert Hornstein, eds. 2003. Chomsky and His Critics. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Armstrong, D.M. 1971. “Meaning and Communication”. Philosophical Review 80: 427–47.

—— 1973. Belief, Truth and Knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Atkinson, Antony P., and Michael Wheeler, 2004. “The Grain of Domains: The Evolutionary–Psychological Case against Domain‐General Cognition”. Mind and Language 19: 147–76.

Au, T. K. 1983. “Chinese and English Counterfactuals: The Sapir–Whorf Hypothesis Revisited”. Cognition 15: 155–87.

Avramides, A. 1989. Meaning and Mind, An Examination of a Gricean Account of Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Bach, Kent. 1987. Thought and Reference. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Baker, C. L. 1978. Introduction to Generative–Transformational Syntax. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall, Inc.

—— 1995. English Syntax, 2nd edn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 1st edn, 1989.

—— and J. J. McCarthy, eds. 1981. The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Baker, Lynne Rudder. 1987. Saving Belief: A Critique of Physicalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Barber, Alex. 2001. “Idiolectal Error”. Mind and Language 16: 263–83.

—— (ed.). 2003a. Epistemology of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

—— 2003b. “Introduction”. In Barber 2003a: 1–43.

Barkow, J., L. Cosmides, and J. Tooby, eds. 1992. The Adapted Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Baron‐Cohen, S. 1995. Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Bealer, George. 1998. “Intuition and the Autonomy of Philosophy”. In DePaul and Ramsey 1998: 201–39.

Bennett, J. 1976. Linguistic Behaviour. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Berkeley, George. 1710. Principles of Human Knowledge

(p.278) Berwick, R. C. 1983. “Using What You Know: A Computer‐Science Perspective”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 402–3.

—— and A. S. Weinberg. 1984. The Grammatical Basis of Linguistic Performance: Language use and Acquisition. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Bever, T. G., J. M. Carroll, and L. A. Miller, eds. 1984. Talking Minds: The Study of Language in Cognitive Science. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Bickerton, Derek. 1990. Language and Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

—— 1995. Language and Human Behaviour. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Bjorklund, David F., Wolfgang Sneider, and Carlos Hernandez Blasi. 2003. “Memory”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 1059–65.

Block, Ned, ed. 1981. Readings in Philosophy of Psychology, Volume 2. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

Bloom, A. H. 1981. The Linguistic Shaping of Thought: A Study of the Impact of Language on Thinking in China and the West. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Blumstein, Sheila E. 1999. “Phonology, Neural Basis of”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 643–5.

Bock, Kathryn. 1995. “Sentence Production: From Mind to Mouth”. In Miller and Eimas 1995: 181–216.

—— 1999. “Language Production”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 453–6.

Boden, M. A. 1984. “Animal Perception from an Artificial Intelligence Viewpoint”. In Minds, Machines and Evolution, ed. C. Hookway. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— 1988. Computational Models of the Mind. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Boghossian, Paul A. 1990a. “The Status of Content”. Philosophical Review 99: 157–84.

—— 1990b. “The Status of Content Revisited”. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 71: 264–78.

BonJour, Laurence. 1998. In Defense of Pure Reason: A Rationalist Account of A Priori Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— 2005a. “In Defense of A Priori Reasons”. In Steup and Sosa 2005: 98–105.

—— 2005b. “Reply to Devitt”. In Steup and Sosa 2005: 115–18.

—— 2005c. “Last Rejoinder”. In Steup and Sosa 2005: 120–2.

Boroditsky, Lera. 2003. “Linguistic Relativity”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 917–21.

Botha, Rudolf P. 2003. Unravelling the Evolution of Language. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Braddon‐Mitchell, David, and Frank Jackson. 1996. Philosophy of Mind and Cognition. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Bresnan, Joan. 1978. “A Realistic Transformational Grammar”. In Halle, Bresnan, and Miller 1978: 1–59.

—— ed. 1982. The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— and Ronald Kaplan. 1982. “Introduction: Grammars as Mental Representations of Language”. In Bresnan 1982: xvii–lii.

Broadbent, Donald E. 1977. “Levels, Hierarchies, and the Locus of Control”. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 29: 181–201.

—— and B. Aston. 1978. “Human Control of a Simulated Economic System”. Ergonomics 21: 1035–43.

(p.279) —— Peter FitzGerald, and Margaret H. P. Broadbent. 1986. “Implicit and Explicit Knowledge in the Control of Complex Systems”. British Journal of Psychology 77: 33–50.

Brown, Liana E., and David A. Rosenbaum. 2003. “Motor Control: Models”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 127–33.

Burge, Tyler. 1979. “Individualism and the Mental”. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, Volume IV: Studies in Metaphysics, eds. Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling Jr., and Howard K. Wettstein: 73–121.

Burton‐Roberts, Noel, Philip Carr, and Gerard Docherty. 2000. “Introduction”. In Phonological Knowledge: Conceptual and Empirical Issues, eds. Noel Burton‐Roberts, Philip Carr, and Gerard Docherty. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 1–18.

Caramazza, Alfonso. 1997. “How Many Levels of Processing are there in Lexical Access?” Cognitive Neuropsychology 14: 177–208.

—— 1999. “Lexicon, Neural Basis of”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 469–71.

Carey, Susan. 1985. Conceptual Change in Childhood. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Carlson, Richard A. 2003. “Skill Learning”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 36–42.

Carroll, Lewis. 1895. “What the Tortoise Said to Achilles”. Mind 4: 278–80.

Carruthers, Peter. 1996. Language, Thought and Consciousness: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— 1998. “Thinking in Language? Evolution and a Modularist Possibility”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998: 94–119.

—— 2002. “The Cognitive Functions of Language”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25: 657–74.

—— and Jill Boucher, eds. 1998a. Language and Thought: Interdisciplinary Themes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— and Jill Boucher. 1998b. “Introduction: Opening Up Options”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998a: 1–18.

Chierchia, Gennaro. 1999. “Linguistics and Language”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: xci–cix.

Chomsky, Noam. 1957. Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton and Co.

—— 1959. Review of Skinner 1957. Language 35: 26–58.

—— 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

—— 1966. Cartesian Linguistics: A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought. New York: Harper & Rowe.

—— 1969a. “Linguistics and Philosophy”. In Hook 1969: 51–94.

—— 1969b. “Comments on Harman's Reply”. In Hook 1969: 152–9.

—— 1972. Language and Mind. Enlarged edn. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

—— 1975a. “Knowledge of Language”. In Gunderson 1975: 299–320.

—— 1975b. Reflections on Language. New York: Pantheon Books.

—— 1975c. The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory. New York: Plenum Press.

—— 1980a. Rules and Representations. New York: Columbia University Press.

—— 1980b. “Rules and Representations”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 1–14.

—— 1980c. “Author's Response” to peer commentary on 1980b. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 42–58.

—— 1982. Some Concepts and Consequences of the Theory of Government and Binding. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

(p.280) Chomsky, Noam. 1986. Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin, and Use. New York: Praeger Publishers.

—— 1988. Language and Problems of Knowledge: The Managua Lectures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— 1991a. “Linguistics and Adjacent Fields: A Personal View”. In Kasher 1991a: 3–25.

—— 1991b. “Linguistics and Cognitive Science: Problems and Mysteries”. In Kasher 1991a: 26–53.

—— 1993a. “Mental Constructions and Social Reality”. In Knowledge and Language Volume I: From Orwell's Problem to Plato's Problem, eds. Eric Reuland and Werner Abraham. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers: 29–58.

—— 1993b. “A Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory”. In The View from Building 20: Essays in Honor of Sylvain Bromberger, eds. Kenneth Hale and Samuel Jay Keyser. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— 1994a. Language and Thought. London: Moyer Bell.

—— 1995a. The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— 1995b. “Language and Nature”. Mind 104: 1–61.

—— 1995c. “Base Phrase Structure”. In Webelhuth 1995a: 383–439.

—— 1996. Powers and Prospects: Reflections on Human Nature and the Social Order. Boston: South End Press.

—— 2000a. New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— 2000b. The Architecture of Language. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

—— 2003. “Reply to Rey”. In Antony and Hornstein 2003: 274–87.

Churchland, Patricia S. 1986. Neurophilosophy: Toward a Unified Science of the Mind–Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Churchland, Paul M. 1981. “Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes”. Journal of Philosophy 78: 67–90. Reprinted in Churchland 1989: 1–22.

—— 1989. A Neurocomputational Perspective: The Nature of Mind and the Structure of Science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Clark, Andy. 1998. “Magic Words: How Language Augments Human Computation”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998a: 162–83.

Clark, R. 1994. “Finitude, Boundedness, and Complexity”. In Syntactic Theory and First Language Acquisition: Cross‐Linguistic Perspectives. Vol. 2: Binding, Dependencies, and Learnability, eds B. Lust, G. Hermon, and J. Kornfilt. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum: 473–89.

Cleeremans, Axel. 2003. “Implicit Learning Models”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 491–9.

Collins, John. 2003. “Cowie on the Poverty of the Stimulus”. Synthese 136: 159–90.

—— 2004. “Faculty Disputes”. Mind and Language 19: 503–33.

Corina, David P. “Sign Language and the Brain”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 756–8.

Cowie, Fiona. 1998. What's Within: Nativism Reconsidered. New York: Oxford University Press.

Crain, Stephen, Andrea Gualmini, and Paul Pietroski. 2005. “Brass Tacks in Linguistic Theory: Innate Grammatical Principles”. To appear in a volume produced by the Sheffield Innateness Project.

—— and Paul Pietroski. 2001. “Nature, Nurture and Universal Grammar”. Linguistics and Philosophy 24: 139–86.

(p.281) —— and Paul Pietroski. 2002. “Why Language Acquisition is a Snap”. The Linguistic Review 19: 163–83.

—— and Mark Steedman. 1985. “On Not Being Led up the Garden Path: The Use of Context by the Psychological Syntax Processor”. In Natural Language Parsing: Psychological, Computational, and Theoretical Perspectives, eds. David R. Dowty, Lauri Karttunen, and Arnold M. Zwicky. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— and Rosalind Thornton. 1998. Investigations in Universal Grammar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Croft, William, and D. Alan Cruse. 2004. Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Culicover, Peter W. 1999. Syntactic Nuts: Hard Cases, Syntactic Theory, and Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cummins, Robert. 1996. Representations, Targets, and Attitudes. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— and Robert M. Harnish. 1980. “The Language Faculty and the Interpretation of Linguistics”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 18–19.

Curtis, Susan. 1981. “Dissociations Between Language and Cognition: Cases and Implications”. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 11: 15–30.

Cutler, Anne. 1995. “Spoken Word Recognition and Production”. In Miller and Eimas 1995: 97–136.

—— 1999. “Spoken‐Word Recognition”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 796–8.

—— and Dennis Norris. 1999. “Sharpening Ockham's Razor”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22: 40–1.

Davidson, Donald. 1980. Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

—— 1984. Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation: Oxford: Clarendon Press.

—— 1986. “A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs”. In Lepore 1986: 433–46.

Davies, Martin. 1987. “Tacit Knowledge and Semantic Theory: Can a Five per cent Difference Matter?” Mind 96: 441–62.

—— 1989. “Tacit Knowledge and Subdoxastic States”. In George 1989a: 131–52.

—— 1995. “Two Notions of Implicit Rules”. In Philosophical Perspectives, 9, AI, Connectionism, and Philosophical Psychology, 1995, ed. James E. Tomberlin. Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publishers:

—— 1998. “Language, Thought, and the Language of Thought (Aunty's Own Argument Revisited)”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998: 226–47.

—— and Tony Stone. 1995. Folk Psychology: The Theory of Mind Debate. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Davis, Martin. 1983. “Church's Thesis and Representation of Grammars”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 404.

Dehaene, S. 1997. The Number Sense: How the Mind Creates Mathematics. New York: Oxford Universtiy Press.

Dell, Gary S. 1995. “Speaking and Misspeaking”. In Gleitman and Liberman 1995: 83–208.

—— M. F. Schwartz, N. Martin, E. M. Saffran, and D. A. Gagnon. 1997. “Lexical Access in Aphasic and Nonaphasic Speakers”. Psychological Review 104: 801–38.

—— , Franklin Chang, and Zenzi M. Griffin. 1999. “Connectionist Models of Language Production: Lexical Access and Grammatical Encoding”. Cognitive Science 23: 517–42.

(p.282) Demopoulos, William, and Robert J. Matthews. 1983. “On the Hypothesis that Grammars Are Mentally Represented”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 405–6.

Dennett, Daniel. 1978. Brainstorms. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books.

—— 1980. “Passing the Buck to Biology”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 19–20.

DePaul, Michael R., and William Ramsey, ed. 1998. Rethinking Intuition. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Devitt, Michael. 1981. Designation. New York: Columbia University Press.

—— 1990. “Transcendentalism about Content”. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 71: 247–63.

—— 1994. “The Methodology of Naturalistic Semantics”. Journal of Philosophy, 91 (1994): 545–72.

—— 1996. Coming to Our Senses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

—— 1997a. Realism and Truth. 2nd edn with new afterword. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

—— 1997b. “Responses to the Maribor Papers”. In Jutronic 1998: 353–411.

—— 1998a. “Putting Metaphysics First: A Response to James Tomberlin”. In Philosophical Perspectives, 12, Language, Mind, and Ontology, 1998. James E. Tomberlin, ed. Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publishers (1998), pp. 499–502.

—— 1998b. “Naturalism and the A Priori”. Philosophical Studies, 92, 45–65.

—— 2001. “Sustaining Actualism”. In Philosophical Perspectives, 15, Metaphysics, 2001, ed. James E. Tomberlin. Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publishers: 415–19.

—— 2002. “Deference: A Truth in Linguistic Relativity”. Paper delivered at the annual conference of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Edmonton, June 2002.

—— 2003. “Linguistics is not Psychology”. In Barber 2003a: 107–39.

—— 2005a. “There is no A Priori”. In Steup and Sosa 2005: 105–15.

—— 2005b. “Reply to BonJour”. In Steup and Sosa 2005: 118–20.

—— 2005c. “Scientific Realism”. In The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy, eds Frank Jackson and Michael Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 767–91.

—— 2006. “Intuitions in Linguistics”. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (forthcoming).

—— and Georges Rey. 1991. “Transcending Transcendentalism: A Response to Boghossian”. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72: 87–100.

—— and Kim Sterelny. 1987. Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— and Kim Sterelny. 1989. “What's Wrong with ‘the Right View’ ”. In Philosophical Perspectives, 3: Philosophy of Mind and Action Theory, 1989, ed. James E. Tomberlin. Atascadero: Ridgeview Publishing Company, 497–531.

—— and Kim Sterelny. 1999. Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language. 2nd edn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Donnellan, Keith S. 1972. “Proper Names and Identifying Descriptions”. In Semantics of Natural Language, eds. Donald Davidson and Gilbert Harman. Dordrecht: Reidel: 356–79.

Dosher, Barbara A. 2003. “Working Memory”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 569–77.

Dretske, Fred. 1974. “Explanation in Linguistics”. In Explaining Linguistic Phenomena, ed. D. Cohen. Washing DC: Hemisphere: 21–41.

Dronkers, Nina F. 1999. “Language, Neural Basis of”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 448–51.

(p.283) Dummett, Michael. 1975. “What is a Theory of Meaning?” In Guttenplan 1975: 97–138.

—— 1993. The Seas of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dwyer, Susan, and Paul Pietroski. 1996. “Believing in Language”. Philosophy of Science 63: 338–73.

Ferreira, Victor S. 2003. “Production–Comprehension Interface”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 747–53.

Field, Hartry. 1978. “Mental Representation”. Erkenntnis 13: 9–61. Reprinted with Postscript in Block 1981: 78–114. [Citations are to Block]

Fiengo, Robert. 2003. “Linguistic Intuitions”. Philosophical Forum, 34: 253–65.

Fodor, Janet Dean. 1985. “Deterministic Parsing and Subjacency”. Language and Cognitive Processes 1: 3–42.

—— 1989. “Empty Categories in Sentence Processing”. Language and Cognitive Processes 4: 155–209.

—— 1992. “Learnability of Phrase Structure Grammars”. In Formal Grammar: Theory and Implementation, Robert Levine, ed. New York: Oxford University Press: 3–68.

—— 1998. “Parsing to Learn”. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 27: 339–74.

—— 2001. “Parameters and the Periphery: Reflections on Syntactic Nuts”. Journal of Linguistics 37: 367–92.

—— Jerry A. Fodor, and Merrill F. Garrett. 1975. “The Psychological Unreality of Semantic Representations”. Linguistic Inquiry 6: 515–31. Reprinted in Block 1981: 238–52. [Citations are to Block]

Fodor, Jerry A. 1975. The Language of Thought. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.

—— 1981a. Representations: Philosophical Essays on the Foundations of Cognitive Science. Cambridge MA.: Bradford Books/MIT Press.

—— 1981b. “Introduction: Some Notes on What Linguistics is Talking About”. In Block 1981: 197–207. Reprinted in Katz 1985.

—— 1983. The Modularity of Mind: An Essay on Faculty Psychology. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

—— 1987. Psychosemantics: The Problem of Meaning in the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— 1990. A Theory of Content and other Essays. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

—— 1998a. Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

—— 1998b. In Critical Condition: Polemical Essays on Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— 2001. “Doing Without What's Within: Fiona Cowie's Critique of Nativism”. Mind 110: 99–148.

—— and T. G. Bever. 1965. “The Psychological Reality of Linguistic Segments”. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 4: 414–20.

—— T. G. Bever and M. F. Garrett. 1974. The Psychology of Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics and Generative Grammar. New York: McGraw‐Hill Book Company.

—— and Ernest Lepore. 1992. Holism: A Shopper's Guide. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

—— and Zenon W. Pylyshyn. 1988. “Connectionism and Cognitive Architecture: A Critical Analysis”. Cognition 28: 3–71. Reprinted in McDonald and McDonald 1995: 90–163. [Citations are to McDonald and McDonald]

(p.284) Fowler, C. A., and M. T. Turvey. 1978. “Skill Acquisition: An Event Approach with Special Reference to Searching for the Optimum of a Function of Several Variables”. In Information Processing and Motor Control, G. E. Stelmach, ed. New York: Academic Press.

Frank, Adam. 1997. “Quantum Honey Bees”. Discover : 80–7.

Frazier, Lyn. 1995. “Issues of Representation in Psycholinguistics”. In Miller and Eimas 1995: 1–27.

—— and Janet Dean Fodor. 1978. “The Sausage Machine: A New Two‐Stage Parsing Model”. Cognition 6: 291–325.

—— and K. Rayner. 1982. “Making and Correcting Errors during Sentence Comprehension: Eye Movements in the Analysis of Structurally Ambiguous Sentences”. Cognitive Psychology 14: 178–210.

Gallistel, C. R. 1990. The Organization of Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Garfield, Jay L. ed. 1987. Modularity in Knowledge Representation and Natural‐Language Understanding. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Garson, James. 2003. “Dynamical Systems, Philosophical Issues about”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 1: 1033–9.

Gasper, Philip. 1986. Review of 1st edn of Devitt 1997. Philosophical Review. 95: 446–51.

Gazdar, Gerald, Ewan Klein, Geoffrey Pullum, and Ivan Sag. 1985. Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Geach, Peter. 1967. “Intentional Identity”. Journal of Philosophy 64: 627–32.

Gendler, Tamar Szabo. 2003. “Thought Experiments”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 388–94.

Gentner, Dedre, and Laura L. Namy. 2004. “The Role of Comparison in Children's Early Word Learning”. In Weaving a Lexicon, D. G. Hall and S. R. Waxman, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 533–68.

George, Alexander, ed. 1989a. Reflections on Chomsky. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

—— 1989b. “How Not to Become Confused About Linguistics”. In George 1989a: 90–110.

Gernsbacher, Morton Ann, and Michael P Kaschak. 2003. “Language Comprehension”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 723–5.

Gibson, Edward. 2003. “Sentence Comprehension, Linguistic Complexity in”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 1137–41.

Gladwell, Malcolm. 2005. Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking. New York: Little, Brown.

Gleitman, Lila R., and Paul Bloom. 1999. “Language Acquisition”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 434–8.

—— and Mark Liberman. 1995. Language: An Invitation to Cognitive Science, Second Edition, Volume 1. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Goldberg, Elkhonon. 2005. The Wisdom Paradox: How Your Mind Can Grow Stronger as Your Brain Grows Older. New York: Gotham Books.

Goldin‐Meadow, Susan, and Ming‐Yu Zheng. 1998. “Thought Before Language: the Expression of Motion Events Prior to the Impact of a Conventional Language Model”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998a: 26–54.

Gopnik, Alison, and Eric Schwitzgebel. 1998. “Whose Concepts Are They, Anyway? The Role of Philosophical Intuitions in Empirical Psychology”. In DePaul and Ramsey 1998: 75–91.

(p.285) Gordon, P. C., and R. Hendrick. “Intuitive Knowledge of Linguistic Co‐reference”. Cognition 62: 325–70.

Gorrell, Paul. 1999. “Sentence Processing”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 748–51.

Graves, Christina, J. J. Katz, Y. Nishiyama, Scott Soames, R. Stecker, and P. Tovey. 1973. “Tacit Knowledge”. Journal of Philosophy 70: 318–30.

Grice, H.P. 1957. “Meaning”. Philosophical Review 66: 377–88. Reprinted in Grice 1989.

—— 1989. Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge MA.: Harvard University Press.

Grodzinsky, Yosef. 2003. “Language Disorders”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 740–6.

Gross, Maurice. 1983. “A Few Analogies with Computing”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 407–8.

Gumperz, John J., and Stephen C. Levinson, eds. 1996. “Introduction to Part I”. In Rethinking Linguistic Relativity, eds. Gumperz and Levinson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 21–36.

Gunderson, Keith, ed. 1975. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume VII: Language, Mind, and Knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Guttenplan, Samuel, ed. 1975. Mind and Language. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

—— ed. 1994. A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Hadley, Robert F. 1999. “Connectionism and Novel Combinations of Skills: Implications for Cognitive Architecture”. Minds and Machines 9: 197–221.

Haegeman, Liliane. 1994. Introduction to Government and Binding Theory, 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. 1st edn 1991.

Halle, Morris, Joan Bresnan, and George A. Miller, eds. 1978. Linguistic Theory and Psychological Reality. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Hannan, Barbara. 1993. “Don't Stop Believing: The Case Against Eliminative Materialism”. Mind and Language 8: 165–79.

Harman, Gilbert. 1967. “Psychological Aspects of the Theory of Syntax”. Journal of Philosophy 64: 75–87.

—— 1973. Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

—— ed. 1974. On Noam Chomsky: Critical Essays. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday.

—— 1983. “Internally Represented Grammars”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 408.

Harris, Catherine L. 2003. “Language and Cognition”. Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 717–22.

Harris, Randy Allen. 1993. The Linguistics Wars. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hauser, Marc D., Noam Chomsky, and W. Tecumseh Fitch. 2002. “The Faculty of Language: What Is It, Who Has It, and How Did It Evolve?” Science 298: 1569–79. 

Higginbotham, James. 1987. “The Autonomy of Syntax and Semantics”. In Garfield 1987: 119–31.

—— 1989. “Knowledge of Reference”. In George 1989a: 153–74.

Hillis, Argye E., and Alfonso Caramazza. 2003. “Aphasia”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 1: 175–84.

Holding, Dennis H. 1992. “Theories of Chess Skill”. Psychological Research 54: 10–16.

Hook, Sidney, ed. 1969. Language and Philosophy: A Symposium. New York: New York University Press.

(p.286) Horgan, Terence, and John Tienson. 1999. “Rules and Representations”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 724–26.

Hornstein, Norbert. 1989. “Meaning and the Mental: The Problem of Semantics after Chomsky”. In George 1989a: 23–40.

—— and David Lightfoot, eds. 1981a. Explanation in Linguistics: The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition. London: Longman.

—— 1981b. “Preface”. To Hornstein and Lightfoot 1981a: 7–8.

Howe, Christine J. 1986. Review of Berwick and Weinberg 1984. Mind and Language 1: 83–8.

Hurford, James R., Michael Studdert‐Kennedy, and Chris Knight, eds. 1998. Approaches to the Evolution of Language: Social and Cognitive Basis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jackendoff, Ray. 1997. The Architecture of the Language Faculty. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Johnson, Kent. 2004. “Systematicity”. Journal of Philosophy 101: 111–39.

Johnson, Todd R., Hongbin Wang, and Jiajie Zhang. 2003. “Skill Acquisition: Models”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 30–6.

Jones, Gary. 2003. “Production Systems and Rule‐Based Inference”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 741–7.

Jutronic, Dunja ed. 1997. The Maribor Papers in Naturalized Semantics, Maribor: Pedagoska fakulteta Maribor.

Kasher, Asa, ed. 1991a. The Chomskyan Turn. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

—— 1991b. “Pragmatics and Chomsky”. In Kasher 1991a: 122–49.

Katz, Jerrold J. 1981. Language and Other Abstract Objects. Totowa, N. J.: Rowman & Littlefield.

—— 1984. “An Outline of a Platonist Grammar”. In Bever et al. 1984: 17–48. Reprinted in Katz 1985.

—— ed. 1985. The Philosophy of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

—— 1996. “The Unfinished Chomskyan Revolution”. Mind and Language 11: 270–94.

Kelso, J. A. Scott. 1995. Dynamic Patterns: The Self‐Organization of Brain and Behavior. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Kintsch, Walter. 1984. “Approaches to the Study of the Psychology of Language”. In Bever et al. 1984: 111–45.

Kornblith, Hilary. 1998. “The Role of Intuition in Philosophical Inquiry: An Account with no Unnatural Ingredients”. In DePaul and Ramsey 1998: 129–41.

Kripke, Saul A. 1980. Naming and Necessity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Kugler, P. N., and M. T. Turvey. 1987. Information, Natural Laws, and the Self‐Assembly of rhythmic Movement. Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum.

Laird, J. E., A. Newell, and P. S. Rosenbloom. 1987. “Soar: An Architect for General Intelligence”. Artificial Intelligence 33: 1–64.

Larson, Richard, and Gabriel Segal. 1995. Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Lasnik, Howard, and Juan Uriagereka. 2002. “On the Poverty of the Challenge”. Linguistic Review 19:147–50.

Laurence, Stephen. 1996. “A Chomskian Alternative to Convention‐Based Semantics”. Mind 105: 269–301.

(p.287) —— 1998. “Convention‐Based Semantics and the Development of Language”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998: 201–17.

—— 2003. “Is Linguistics a Branch of Psychology?” In Barber 2003a: 69–106.

—— and Eric Margolis. 2001. “The Poverty of Stimulus Argument”. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52: 217–76.

Lees, Robert B. 1957. “Review of Syntactic Structures”. Language 33: 375–407. Reprinted in On Noam Chomsky: Critical Essays ed. Gilbert Harman. Garden City, N. Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday: 34–79. [Citation is to Harman]

Lepore, Ernest, ed. 1986. Truth and Interpretation: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

—— and Kirk Ludwig. 2000. “The Semantics and Pragmatics of Complex Demonstratives”. Mind, 109: 199–240.

Levelt, William J. M., Ardi Roelofs, and Antje S. Meyer. 1999. “A Theory of Lexical Access in Speech Production”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22: 1–38.

Lewandowsky, Stephan, and Simon Farrell. 2003. “Working Memory, Computational Models of”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 578–83.

Lewis, David K. 1969. Convention: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

—— 1994. “Reduction of Mind”. In Guttenplan 1994: 412–31.

Lewis, John D., and Jeffrey L. Ellman. 2001. “Learnability and the Statistical Structure of Language: Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Revisited”. Proceeding of the 26 th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press: 359–70.

Lipton, Michael R. 1983. “Levels of Grammatic Representation: A Tempest in a Teapot”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 409–10.

Logan, Gordon D. 1988. “Toward an Instance Theory of Automatization”. Psychological Review 95: 492–527.

McClelland, James L. 1999. “Cognitive Modeling, Connectionist”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 137–41.

McDonald, Cynthia, and Graham McDonald, eds. 1995. Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation, Volume Two. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

McGilvray, James. 1999. Chomsky: Language, Mind, and Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Macintosh, Nicholas J. 1999. “Conditioning”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 182–4.

McLeod, Peter, and Zoltan Dienes. 1996. “Do Fielders Know Where to Go to Catch the Ball or Only How to Get There?” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 22: 531–43.

Malcolm, Norman. 1968. “The Conceivability of Mechanism”. Philosophyical Review 77: 45–72.

Malson, L. 1972. Wolf Children and the Problem of Human Nature. London: Monthly Review Press.

Maratsos, Michael P. 1989. “Innateness and Plasticity in Language Acquisition”. In The Teachability of Language, M. L. Rice and R. L. Schiefelbusch, eds. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes: 105–25.

—— 2003. “Language Acquisition”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 691–6.

Marr, David. 1982. Vision: A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company.

(p.288) Masson, Michael E. J. 1990. “Cognitive Theories of Skill Acquisition”. Human Movement ScienceHuman Movement Science 9: 221–39.

Mathews, R. C., R. R. Buss, W. B. Stanley, and R. Chinn. 1988. “Analysis of Individual Learning Curves in a Concept Discovery Task: Relations among Task Performance, Verbalizable Knowledge, and Hypothesis Revision Strategies”. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 40A: 135–65.

—— R. R. Buss, W. B. Stanley, F. Blanchard‐Fields, J. R. Cho, and B. Druhan. 1989. “Role of Implicit and Explicit Processes in Learning From Examples: A Synergistic Effect”. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 15: 1083–100.

Matthews, Robert J. 1980. “Language Learning versus Grammar Growth”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 25–26.

—— 1991. “The Psychological Reality of Grammars”. In Kasher 1991a: 182–99.

—— 2003. “Does Linguistic Competence Require Knowledge of Language?” In Barber 2003a: 187–213.

Miller, G. A., and N. Chomsky. 1963. “Finitary Models of Language Users”. In Handbook of Mathematical Psychology, Vol. II, eds. R. D. Luce, R. R. Bush, and E. Galanter, eds. New York: Wiley.

Miller, Joanne L. 1999. “Speech Perception”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 787–90.

—— and Peter D. Eimas, eds. 1995. Speech, Language, and Communication. San Diego: Academic Press.

Mills, Eugene. “Devitt on the Nature of Belief”. In Jutronic 1997: 310–17.

Mon‐Williams, Mark, James R. Tresilian, and John P. Wann. 2003. “Motor Control and Learning”. In Nadel 2003: 121–6.

Moro, A., M. Tettamanti, D. Perani, C. Donati, S. F. Cappa, and F. Fazio. 2001. “Syntax and the Brain: Disentangling Grammar by Selective Anomalies”. NeuroImage 13: 110–18.

Mulligan, Neil W. 2003. “Memory: Implicit versus Explicit”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 1114–20.

Nadel, Lynn, ed. 2003. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Nature Publishing Group.

Neale, Stephen. 1989. “Paul Grice and the Philosophy of Language”. Linguistics and Philosophy 15: 509–59.

—— 2004. “This, That, and the Other”. In Descriptions and Beyond, Marga Reimer and Anne Bezuidenhout, eds. Oxford: Clarendon Press: 68–182.

Newell, A., and H. Simon. 1972. Human Problem Solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall.

Newell, Karl M. 1996. “Motor Skills”. In Encyclopedia of Leaning and Memory, ed. Larry R. Squire. Macmillan Library Reference: 441–3.

Newport, Elissa L., and Ted Supalla. 1999. “Sign Languages”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 758–60.

Ni, Weijia, Stephen Crain, and Donald Shankweiler. 1996. “Sidestepping Garden Paths: Assessing the Contributions of Syntax, Semantics and Plausibility in Resolving Ambiguities”. Language and Cognitive Processes 11: 283–334.

Niiniluoto, Ilkka. 1981. “Language, Norms, and Truth”. In Essays in Philosophical Analysis Dedicated to Erik Stenius on the Occasion of his 70 th Birthday, Ingmar Porn, ed. Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland: 168–89.

(p.289) Nygaard, Lynne C., and David B. Pisoni. 1995. “Speech Perception: New Directions in Research and Theory”. In Miller and Eimas 1995: 63–96.

Palmeri, Thomas J. 2003. “Automaticity”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 1: 290–301.

Pateman, Trevor. 1987. Language in Mind and Language in Society: Studies in Linguistic Reproduction. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Peacocke, Christopher. 1986. “Explanation in Computational Psychology: Language, Perception and Level 1.5”. Mind and Language 1: 101–23.

—— 1989. “When is a Grammar Psychologically Real?” In George 1989a: 111–30.

Pickering, Martin J. 2003. “Parsing”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 462–5.

Pietroski, Paul M. 2003. “The Character of Natural Language Semantics”. In Barber 2003a: 217–56.

Pinker, Stephen. 1979. “Formal Models of Language Learning”. Cognition 7: 217–82.

—— 1989. Learnability and Cognition. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

—— 1994. The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language. New York: William Morrow and Co.

—— 1995a. “Why the Child Holded the Baby Rabbits: A Case Study in Language Acquisition”. In Gleitman and Liberman 1995: 107–33

—— 1995b. “Language Acquisition”. In Gleitman and Liberman 1995: 135–82.

—— 1997. How the Mind Works. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

—— and Paul Bloom. 1990. “Natural Language and Natural Selection”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13: 707–27.

Poeppel, David, and Gregory Hickok. 2004. “Introduction: Towards a New Functional Anatomy of Language”. Cognition 92: 1–12.

Port, Robert F. 2003. “Dynamical Systems Hypothesis in Cognitive Science”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 1: 1027–32.

Posner, M. I. 1973. Cognition: An Introduction. Glenville IL: Scott, Foresman.

—— G. J. DiGirolamo, and D. Fernandez‐Duque. 1997. “Brain Mechanisms of Cognitive Skills”. Consciousness and Cognition 6: 267–90.

Poucet, Bruno. 2003. “Animal Navigation and Cognitive Maps”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 1: 150–6.

Pritchett, Bradley L. 1988. “Garden Path Phenomena and the Grammatical Basis of Language Processing”. Language 64: 539–76.

Pullum, Geoffrey. 1991. The Great Eskimo Vocabulary Hoax and Other Irreverent Essays on the Study of Language. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

—— and Barbara Scholz. 2002. “Empirical Assessment of Stimulus Poverty Arguments”. Linguistic Review 19: 9–50.

Putnam, Hilary. 1967. “The ‘Innateness Hypothesis’ and Explanatory Models in Linguistics”. Synthese 17: 12–22. Reprinted in Block 1981: 292–9. [Citations are to Block]

—— 1975. Mind, Language and Reality: Philosophical Papers Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pylyshyn, Zenon W. 1980a. “Computation and Cognition: Issues in the Foundations of Cognitive Science”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 111–32.

—— 1980b. “Author's Response” to peer commentary on 1980a. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 154–68.

—— 1984. Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

(p.290) —— 1991. “Rules and Representations: Chomsky and Representational Realism”. In Kasher 1991a: 231–51.

Quine, W. V. 1960. Word and Object. Cambridge MA: MIT Press

—— 1966. The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays. New York: Random House.

—— 1970. “Methodological Reflections on Current Linguistics”. Synthese 21: 386–98.

Radford, Andrew. 1988. Transformational Grammar: A First Course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ramsey, William. 1997. “Do Connectionist Representations Earn Their Explanatory Keep?” Mind and Language 12: 34–66.

Reber, A. S. 1967. “Implicit Learning of Artificial Grammars”. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 6: 855–63.

—— 1989. “Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge”. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118: 219–35.

—— 2003. “Implicit Learning”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 486–91.

Reisberg, Daniel. 1999. “Learning”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 460–1.

Rey, Georges. 1997. Contemporary Philosophy of Mind: A Contentiously Classical Approach. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

—— 2003a. “Chomsky, Intentionality and a CRTT”. In Antony and Hornstein 2003: 105–39.

—— 2003b. “Intentional Content and Chomskyan Linguistics”. In Barber 2003a: 140–86.

—— 2006. “The Intentional Inexistence of Language—But Not Cars”. In Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science, ed. R. Stainton. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers: 237–55

Richard, Mark. 1990. Propositional Attitudes: An Essay on Thoughts and How We Ascribe Them. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richardson‐Klavehn, Alan, and Robert A. Bjork. 2003. “Memory, Long‐Term”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 1096–1105.

Riley, J. R., U. Greggers, A. D. Smith, D. R. Reynolds, and R. Menzel. 2005. “The Flight of Honey Bees Recruited by the Waggle Dance”. Nature 435: 205–7.

Rosenbaum, David A., Richard A. Carlson, and Rick O. Gilmore. 2001. “Acquisition of Intellectual and Perceptual‐Motor Skills”. Annual Review of Psychology 52: 453–70.

Rumelhart, D. E., and J. L. McClelland. 1986. Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition, vol. 1, Foundations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Rumfitt, Ian. 2003. “Savoir Faire”. Journal of Philosophy 100: 158–66.

Sampson, Geoffrey. 1976. “The Simplicity of Linguistic Theories”. Linguistics 167: 51–66

Samuelson, L. K., and L. B. Smith. 1998. “Memory and Attention Make Smart Word Learning: An Alternative Account of Akhtar, Carpenter, and Tomasello”. Child Development 69: 94–104.

—— 2000. “Grounding Development in Cognitive Processes”. Child Development 71: 98–106.

Sapir, Edward. 1931. “Conceptual Categories in Primitive Languages”. Science 74: 578.

—— 1949. Selected Writings in Language, Culture and Personality, ed. David G. Mandelbaum. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Saussure, Ferdinand de. 1916. Course in General Linguistics, eds. Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye, trans., Wade Baskin, New York: McGraw‐Hill Book Co, 1966. 1st French edn., 1916.

(p.291) Schacter, Daniel L. 1999. “Implicit vs Explicit Memory”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 394–5.

Schank, Roger. 1980. “An Artificial Intelligence Perspective on Chomsky's View of Language”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 35–7.

—— and Lawrence Birnbaum. 1984. “Memory, Meaning, and Syntax”. In Bever et al. 1984: 209–51.

Schiffer, Stephen. 1972. Meaning. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

—— 1987. Remnants of Meaning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

—— 2002. “Amazing Knowledge”. Journal of Philosophy 99: 200–02.

Scholz, Barbara, and Geoffrey Pullum. 2002. “Searching for Arguments to Support Linguistic Nativism”. Linguistic Review 19: 185–223.

—— 2006. “Irrational Nativist Exuberance”. In Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science, ed. R. Stainton. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Schutze, Carson T. 2003. “Linguistic Evidence, Status of”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 910–17.

Searle, John. 1972. “Chomsky's Revolution in Linguistics”. The New York Review of Books. Reprinted in Harman 1974: 2–33. [Citation is to Harman]

Seidenberg, Mark S. 1995. “Visual Word Recognition: An Overview”. In Millar and Eimas 1995: 137–79.

Singley, Mark K., and John R. Anderson. 1989. The Transfer of Cognitive Skill. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Smith, Barry C. 2001. “Idiolects and Understanding: Comments on Barber”. Mind and Language 16: 284–9.

Smith, Brian Cantwell. 1999. “Computation”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 153–5.

Smith, N. and I‐M Tsimpli. 1995. The Mind of a Savant: Language‐Learning and Modularity. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Smolensky, Paul. 1991. “Connectionism, Constituency and the Language of Thought”. In Meaning in Mind: Jerry Fodor and His Critics, Barry Loewer and Georges Rey, eds. Oxford: Basil Blackwell: 201–27. Reprinted in Macdonald and Macdonald 1995: 164–98. [Citation is to Macdonald and Macdonald]

Soames, Scott. 1984. “Linguistics and Psychology”. Linguistics and Philosophy 7: 155–79.

Sober, Elliott. 1980. “Representation and Psychological Reality”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 38–9.

Sokolov, A. 1972. Inner Speech and Thought. New York: Plenum Press.

Sosa, Ernest, 1998. “Minimal Intuition”. In DePaul and Ramsey 1998: 257–69.

—— and Mattias Steup, eds. 2005. Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Spencer, N. J. 1973. “Differences Between Linguists and Nonlinguists in Intuitions of Grammaticality–Acceptability”. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 2: 83–98.

Sperber, Dan. 1996. Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

—— and Deirdre Wilson. 1995. Relevance, Communication and Cognition. 1st edn. 1986. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

—— 1998. “The Mapping Between the Mental and the Public Lexicon”. In Carruthers and Boucher 1998a: 184–200.

(p.292) Stabler, Edward P., Jr. 1983. “How are Grammars Represented?” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6: 391–402.

Stanley, Jason, and Zoltan G. Szabo. 2000. “On Quantifier Domain Restriction”. Mind and Language 15: 219–61.

—— and Timothy Williamson. 2001. “Knowing How”. Journal of Philosophy 98: 411–44.

Stanley, William B., Robert C. Mathews, Ray R. Buss, and Susan Kotler‐Cope. 1989. “Insight Without Awareness: On the Interaction of Verbalization, Instruction and Practice in a Simulated Process Control Task”. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 41A: 553–77.

Steedman, Mark. 2003. “Language, Connectionist and Symbolic Representations of”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 765–71.

Stemberger, Joseph P. 2003. “Speech Error Models of Language Production”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 156–62.

Sterelny, Kim. 2003. Thought in a Hostile World.: The Evolution of Human Cognition, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Steup, Mattias, and Ernest Sosa, eds. 2005. Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.

Stich, Stephen P. 1971. “What Every Speaker Knows”. Philosophical Review 80: 476–96.

—— 1978a. “Empiricism, Innateness, and Linguistic Universals”. Philosophical Studies 33: 273–86.

—— 1978b. “Beliefs and Subdoxastic States”. Philosophy of Science 45: 499–518.

—— 1980. “What Every Speaker Cognizes”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 39–40.

—— 1983. From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Sun, Ron. 2003. “Connectionist Implementationalism and Hybrid Systems”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 1: 697–703.

—— Edward Merrill, and Todd Peterson. 2001. “From Implicit Skills to Explicit Knowledge: A Bottom‐Up Model of Skill Learning”. Cognitive Science 25: 203–44.

Swinney, David A. 1999. “Aphasia”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 31.

Taatgen, Niels A. 2003. “Learning Rules and Productions”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 2: 822–30.

Tanenhaus, Michael K. 2003. “Sentence Processing”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 1142–8.

—— and John C. Trueswell. 1995. “Sentence Comprehension”. In Miller and Eimas 1995: 217–62.

Taylor, Kenneth A. 1994. “How Not to Refute Eliminative Materialism”. Philosophical Psychology 7: 101–25.

Thompson, Henry. 1983. “Computation Misrepresented: The Procedural/Declarative Controversy Exhumed”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3: 415.

Thornton, Rosalind. 1995. “Referentiality and Wh‐Movement in Child English: Juvenile D‐Linkuency”. Language Acquisition 4: 139–75.

Tomberlin, James E. 1998. “Naturalism, Actualism, and Ontology”. In Philosophical Perspectives, 12, Language, Mind, and Ontology, 1998, ed. James E. Tomberlin. Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publishers: 489–98.

—— 2001. “How Not to be an Actualist”. In Philosophical Perspectives, 15, Metaphysics, 2001, ed. James E. Tomberlin. Cambridge MA: Blackwell Publishers: 421–5.

(p.293) Van Gelder, Tim. 1999. “Dynamic Approaches to Cognition”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: 244–6.

Vigliocco, Gabriella, and Daniel P. Vinson. 2003. “Speech Production”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 4: 182–9.

Wade, Nicholas. 2005. “A New Sign Language Arises, and Scientists Watch it Evolve”. New York Times, February 1: F3.

Wanner, Eric. 1977. Review of Fodor, Bever, and Garrentt 1974. Psycholinguistic Research 6: 261–70.

Webelhuth, Gert (ed.). 1995a. Government and Binding Theory and the Minimalist Program. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

—— 1995b. “X‐bar Theory and Case Theory”. In Webelhuth 1995a: 15–95.

Wheeldon, Linda R., Antje S. Meyer, and Mark Smith. 2003. “Language Production, Incremental”. In Nadel 2003, vol 3: 760–4.

Whorf, Benjamin Lee. 1956. Language, Thought, and Reality, ed. and intro. John B. Carroll. Cambridge, MA. MIT Press.

Wilson, Robert A. 1999. “Philosophy”. In Wilson and Keil 1999: xiii–xxxvii.

—— and Frank C. Keil, eds. 1999. The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Wisniewski, Edward J. 1998. “The Psychology of Intuitions”. In DePaul and Ramsey 1998: 45–58.

Wolpert, Daniel M., and Zoubin Ghahramani. 2003. “Motor Learning Models”. In Nadel 2003, vol. 3: 138–42.

Yamada, Jeni E. 1990. Laura: A Case Study for the Modularity of the Mind. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Yamadori, Atsushi, Takashi Yoshida, Etsuro Mori, and Hikari Yamashita. 1996. “Neurological Basis of Skill Learning”. Cognitive Brain Research 5: 39–54. (p.294)