Allard, Kenneth, Somalia Operations: Lessons Learned (Ft. McNair, Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1995).
Annan, Kofi, Renewing the United Nations: A Programme for Reform, UN Doc. A/51/950 (New York: United Nations, July 1997).
—— We the Peoples: the Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century, Millennium Report of the Secretary‐General of the United Nations (New York: United Nations, April 2000).
Barber, Ben, ‘Feeding Refugees, or War?’, Foreign Affairs, 76/4 (1997), 8–14.
Byman, Daniel L., Lesser, Ian, Prinie, Bruce, Bernard, Cheryl, and Waxman, Matthew, Strengthening the Partnership: Improving Military Coordination with Relief Agencies and Allies in Humanitarian Operations (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000).
Carothers, Thomas, Aiding Democracy Abroad: The learning curve (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for Peace, 1999).
Cernea, Michael M. and McDowell, Christopher, Risks and Reconstruction: Experiences of Resettlers and Refugees (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2000).
Childers, Erskine, and Urquhart, Brian, Strengthening International Responses to Humanitarian Emergencies (New York: Ford Foundation, 1991).
Clark, Jeffrey, ‘Debacle in Somalia,’ Foreign Affairs, 72/1 (1993), 109–23.
Clark, Wesley K., Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat (New York: Public Affairs, 2001).
Clarke, Walter and Herbst, Jeffrey, ‘Somalia and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention,’ Foreign Affairs, 75/2 (1996), 70–85.
Commander‐in‐Chief United States Atlantic Command, Operation Uphold Democracy: Joint After Action Report (Norfolk, VA: US Department of Defense, 1995).
Cohen, Roberta and Deng, Francis M., ‘Exodus within Borders’, Foreign Affairs, 77/4 (1998), 12–17.
—— Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1998).
Council on Foreign Relations, Bosnia: What Went Wrong?, A Foreign Affairs Reader (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1998).
Crisp, Jeff and Mayne, Andrew, Review of the Cambodia Repatriation Operation, EVAL/CAM/13 (Geneva: UNHCR, September 1993).
Crocker, Chester A., Hampson, Fen Osler, and Aall, Pamela (eds), Managing Global Chaos: Sources of and Responses to International Conflict (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996).
Daalder, Ivo H. and O'Hanlon, Michael E., Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save Kosovo (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 2000).
(p.304) Des Forges, Alison, Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda (New York: Human Rights Watch, 1999).
External Review of the Humanitarian Response to the East Timor Crisis: September 1999–May 2000, on behalf of UNTAET/HAER (24 May 2000).
Forman, Shepard and Patrick, Stewart (eds), Good Intentions: Pledges of Aid for Post‐Conflict Recovery, Center on International Cooperation, Studies in Multilateralism (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000).
Ghosh, Bimal (ed.), Return Migration: Journey of Hope or Despair? (Geneva: International Organization for Migration and United Nations, 2000).
Glenny, Misha, The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers, 1804–1999 (New York: Viking, 2000).
Goodwin‐Gill, Guy S., The Refugee in International Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
Gourevitch, Philip, We wish to inform you that tomorrow we will be killed with our families: Stories from Rwanda (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998).
Gurr, Ted Robert, ‘Ethnic Warfare on the Wane’, Foreign Affairs, 79/3 (2000), 52–64.
Hayes, Margaret Daly and Gary F. Wheatley, Interagency and Political‐Military Dimensions of Peace Operations: Haiti—A Case Study (Washington, D.C.: National Defense University, 1995).
Helton, Arthur C., ‘The Comprehensive Plan of Action for Indo‐Chinese Refugees: An Experiment in Refugee Protection and Control’, New York Law School Journal of Human Rights, 8/1 (1990), 111–48.
—— ‘Legal Dimensions of Responses to Complex Humanitarian Emergencies’, International Journal of Refugee Law, 10 (1998): 533–46.
—— ‘Establishing a Comprehensive Scheme for Refugee and Migration Emergencies in the Caribbean Region: Lessons from Recent Haitian and Cuban Emergencies’, in Max J. Castro (ed.), Free Markets, Open Societies, Closed Borders? Trends in International Migration and Immigration Policy in the Americas (Miami: North‐South Center, University of Miami, 1999).
—— ‘Forced Displacement, Humanitarian Intervention, and Sovereignty’, SAIS Review, 20/1 (2000), 61–86.
—— ‘Protecting the World's Exiles: The Human Rights of Non‐Citizens’, Human Rights Quarterly, 22/1 (2000), 280–97.
—— ‘A Call for an Accountability Campaign’, in Yael Danieli (ed.), Sharing the Front Line and the Back Hills: International Protectors and Providers: Peacekeepers, Humanitarian Aid Workers and the Media in the Midst of Crisis (Amityville, NY: Baywood Pub. Co., 2001).
—— ‘Bureaucracy and the Quality of Mercy’, International Migration Review, 35/1 (2001), 192–225.
—— and Voronina, Natalia, Forced Displacement and Human Security in the Former Soviet Union: Law and Policy (Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers, Inc., 2000).
Henkin, Alice H. (ed.), Honoring Human Rights and Keeping the Peace: Lessons from El Salvador, Cambodia and Haiti (Washington, DC: Aspen Institute, 1995).
(p.305) —— (ed.), Honoring Human Rights, from Peace to Justice: Recommendations to the International Community (Washington, DC: Aspen Institute, 1998).
Holbrooke, Richard, To End a War (New York: The Modern Library, 1998).
Ignatieff, Michael, Virtual War: Kosovo and Beyond (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2000).
Independent International Commission on Kosovo, The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
Inter‐Agency Standing Committee, Protection of Internally Displaced Persons, An Inter‐Agency Standing Committee Policy Paper (New York: Inter‐Agency Standing Committee, December 1999).
Judah, Tim, Kosovo: War and Revenge (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000).
Kälin, Walter, Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement: Annotations, Studies in Transnational Legal Policy, No. 32 (Washington, DC: American Society of International Law and The Brookings Institution, 2000).
Krauthammer, Charles, ‘The Short, Unhappy Life of Humanitarian War’, The National Interest, 57/Fall (1999), 5–8.
Kumar, Radha, ‘The Troubled History of Partition’, Foreign Affairs, 76/1 (1997), 22–34.
Kuperman, Alan J., The Limits of Humanitarian Intervention: Genocide in Rwanda (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2001).
Kwiatkowski, Karen U., African Crisis Response Initiative: Past, Present and Future? (Carlisle Barracks, PA: US Army War College, 2000).
Lavenex, Sandra, Safe Third Countries: Extending the EU Asylum and Immigration Policies to Central and Eastern Europe (Budapest: Central European University Press, 1999).
Loescher, Gil, Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis, A Twentieth Century Fund Book (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).
—— The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Macrae, Joanna, Aiding Peace . . . and War: UNHCR, Returnee Reintegration and the Relief‐Development Debate, New Issues in Refugee Research Working Paper No. 14 (Geneva: UNHCR, December 1999).
Maguire, Robert, Balutansky, Edwige, Fomerand, Jacques, Minear, Larry, O'Neill, William, Weiss, Thomas, and Zaidi, Sarah, Haiti Held Hostage: International Responses to the Quest for Nationhood 1986 to 1996, Occasional Paper No. 23 (Providence, RI: Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies, 1996).
Mandelbaum, Michael, ‘A Prefect Failure’, Foreign Affairs, 78/5 (1999), 2–8.
—— ‘Foreign Policy as Social Work’, Foreign Affairs, 75/1 (1996), 16–32.
Minear, Larry, Clark, Jeffrey, Cohen, Roberta, Gallagher, Dennis, Guest, Iain, and Weiss, Thomas, Humanitarian Action in the Former Yugoslavia: The UN's Role 1991–1993, Occasional Paper No. 18 (Providence, RI: Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies, 1994).
(p.306) Minear, Larry, Cortright, David, Wagler, Julia, Lopez, George A., and G. Weiss, Thomas, Toward More Humane and Effective Sanctions Management: Enhancing the Capacity of the United Nations System, Occasional Paper No. 31 (Providence, RI: Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies, 1998).
—— van Baarda, Ted, and Somas, Marci, NATO and Humanitarian Action in the Kosovo Crisis, Occasional Paper No. 36 (Providence, RI: Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies, 2000).
Moore, David, Humanitarian Agendas, State Reconstruction and Democratisation Processes in War‐torn Societies, New Issues in Refugee Research Working Paper No. 24 (Geneva: UNHCR, July 2000).
Moore, Jonathan (ed.), Hard Choices: Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1998).
Müller, Joachim (ed.), Reforming the United Nations: The Quiet Revolution (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2001).
National Intelligence Council, Global Humanitarian Emergencies: Trends and Projections, 1999–2000 (Washington, DC: National Intelligence Council, August 1999).
—— Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue About the Future with Nongovernmental Experts (Washington, DC: National Intelligence Council, December 2000).
NATO, Kosovo One Year On: Achievement and Challenge (Brussels: NATO, 21 March 2000).
Nicholson, Frances and Twomey, Patrick (eds), Refugee Rights and Realities: Evolving International Concepts and Regimes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Nye, Joseph S., ‘Redefining the National Interest’, Foreign Affairs, 78/4 (1999), 22–35.
Oakley, Robert B., Dziedzic, Michael J., and Goldberg, Eliot M., Policing the New World Disorder: Peace Operations and Public Security (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1998).
Office of the High Representative, Bosnia and Herzegovina: Essential Texts (Sarajevo: Office of the High Representative, January 1998).
Ombudsmen of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Report on Human Rights Situation in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for 2000, Sarajevo (Sarajevo: March 2001).
OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, Kosovo/Kosova As Seen, As Told: An Analysis of the Human Rights Findings of the OSCE Kosovo Verification Mission, Parts I and II (Warsaw: OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, 1999).
Plender, Richard (ed.), Basic Documents on International Migration Law, 2nd edn (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1997).
Project on Internal Displacement, Handbook for Applying the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1999).
Prunier, Gerard, The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995).
(p.307) Ratner, Steven R., The New UN Peacekeeping: Building Peace in Lands of Conflict after the Cold War (New York: St Martin's Press, 1996).
Rieff, David, ‘Case Study in Ethnic Strife’, Foreign Affairs, 76/2 (1997), 118–33.
—— Slaughterhouse: Bosnia and the Failure of the West (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995).
Roberts, Adam, ‘NATO's “Humanitarian War” Over Kosovo’, Survival, 41/3 (1999), 102–23.
Rodman, Peter W., ‘The Fallout from Kosovo’, Foreign Affairs, 78/4 (1999), 45–51.
Rohde, David, Endgame: The Betrayal and Fall of Srebrenica, Europe's Worst Massacre since World War II (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998).
—— ‘Kosovo Seething’, Foreign Affairs, 79/3 (2000), 65–79.
Rubin, Barnett R. (ed.), Cases and Strategies for Preventive Action (New York: The Century Foundation Press, 1998).
Shawcross, William, Deliver Us from Evil: Peacekeepers, Warlords and a World of Endless Conflict, revised edn (London: Bloomsbury, 2001).
Solana, Javier, ‘NATO's Success in Kosovo’, Foreign Affairs, 78/6 (1999), 114–21.
Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response and InterAction, The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Geneva: Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response and InterAction, 1998).
Stremlau, John, People in Peril: Human Rights, Humanitarian Action, and Preventing Deadly Conflict, Report to the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York, May 1998).
Suhrke, Astri, Barutciski, Michael, Sandison, Peta, and Garlock, Rick, The Kosovo Crisis: An Independent Evaluation of UNHCR's Emergency Preparedness and Response (Geneva: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Evaluation and Policy Analysis Unit, February 2000).
Traub, James, ‘Inventing East Timor’, Foreign Affairs, 79/4 (2000), 74–89.
United Kingdom Ministry of Defence, Kosovo: An Account of the Crisis, UK Ministry of Defence (1999).
United Nations, General Assembly Resolution 46/182 on Strengthening of the Coordination of Humanitarian Emergency Assistance of the United Nations, UN Doc. 46/182 (1991).
—— ‘Code of Conduct for Humanitarian Assistance in Sierra Leone’, in United Nations Consolidated Inter‐Agency Appeal for Sierra Leone: January‐December 2000 (Geneva: United Nations, November 1999), Annex I, 121–124.
—— ‘Report of the Secretary‐General on the United Nations Interim Administration in Kosovo’, UN Doc. S/2000/177 (3 March 2000).
—— ‘Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations’ (‘Brahimi Report’), UN Doc. A/55/305 and S/2000/809 (21 August 2000).
—— ‘Report of the Secretary‐General Pursuant to General Assembly Resolution 53/35 (1998)’ (‘Srebrenica Report’). At:http://www.un.org/news/ossg/srebrenica.htm
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, The State of the World's Refugees: The Challenge of Protection (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).
(p.308) United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Working in a War Zone: A Review of UNHCR's Operations in Former Yugoslavia, EVAL/YUG/14 (Geneva: UNHCR, April 1994).
—— The State of the World's Refugees: In Search of Solutions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).
—— The State of the World's Refugees: A Humanitarian Agenda (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).
—— The State of the World's Refugees: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (New York: OCHA, 1998).
—— Manual on Field Practice in Internal Displacement: Examples from UN Agencies and Partner Organizations of Field‐based Initiatives Supporting Internally Displaced Persons, Inter‐Agency Standing Committee Policy Paper Series No. 1 (New York: OCHA, 1999).
United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, Official Gazette of East Timor, Vol. I and onward (Dili: UNTAET, 2000).
United States General Accounting Office, Humanitarian Intervention: Effectiveness of UN Operations in Bosnia, GAO/NSIAD‐94‐156BR (Washington, DC: United States General Accounting Office, April 1994).
United States Mission to the United Nations, Global Humanitarian Emergencies, 1996 (New York: United States Mission to the United Nations, February 1996).
—— Global Humanitarian Emergencies, 1997 (New York: United States Mission to the United Nations, April 1997).
—— Global Humanitarian Emergencies, 1998–99 (New York: United States Mission to the United Nations, September 1998).
US Department of Defense, Report to Congress: Kosovo/Operation Allied Force After‐Action Report (Washington, DC: US Department of Defense, 31 January 2000). At: http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/kaar02072000.pdf
US Department of State, Interagency Review of US Government Civilian Humanitarian & Transition Programs (Washington, DC: US Department of State, January 2000). At: http://www.gwu.edu/∼nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB30/index.html
—— Kosovo Judicial Assessment Mission Report (Washington, DC: US Department of State, April 2000).
Zolberg, Aristide R., Suhrke, Astri, and Aguayo, Sergio, Escape from Violence: Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989).