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Merchants to MultinationalsBritish Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries$

Geoffrey Jones

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249992

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199249997.001.0001

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Pre‐Tax Return on Net Capital Employed of Selected British Trading Companies, 1948–1998

Pre‐Tax Return on Net Capital Employed of Selected British Trading Companies, 1948–1998

Source:
Merchants to Multinationals
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Borneo Co.

Swire's

Dodwells

H&C

Finlays

Brazilian Warrant

Wilson, Sons

UAC

Booker McConnell

Anglo‐Thai

1948

36.3

2.1

33.0

18.7

12.3

15.2

13.3

18.3

18.8

30.1

1949

24.6

3.0

36.3

21.4

8.2

52.9

17.1

21.4

19.5

26.3

1950

28.5

2.7

37.3

22.0

9.7

n/a

14.9

17.4

17.6

36.1

1951

44.4

6.0

38.9

30.2

11.7

n/a

13.2

24.3

38.3

1952

55.9

3.0

8.8

28.3

7.8

n/a

(9.7)

12.2

18.9

35.1

1953

32.2

7.6

19.6

22.2

1.4

n/a

(6.3)

19.8

25.4

1954

14.5

5.9

11.9

20.1

9.2

n/a

6.2

14.3

20.7

14.6

1955

11.4

5.9

21.0

19.9

17.2

n/a

12.1

20.3

16.6

1956

19.2

7.8

31.0

22.0

11.6

n/a

12.3

22.5

7.8

1957

18.2

9.0

20.6

19.7

11.0

n/a

10.5

28.9

13.5

1958

12.9

8.2

0.3

16.5

8.3

n/a

8.0

22.2

10.6

1959

5.5

34.7

14.3

16.1

9.7

n/a

4.6

11.7

23.3

10.6

1960

11.8

12.1

18.1

19.2

9.1

n/a

14.7

7.1

20.8

12.6

1961

16.6

15.1

16.4

18.7

9.6

n/a

9.2

7.2

17.1

17.9

1962

15.9

11.1

21.4

17.7

8.4

n/a

8.1

5.0

16.9

15.4

1963

19.2

6.4

33.6

17.7

13.7

n/a

11.1

2.3

20.6

15.8

1964

14.9

7.5

41.0

18.5

10.5

n/a

4.4

3.2

14.7

18.3

1965

14.5

34.6

20.8

7.8

n/a

7.7

5.2

11.6

18.0

1966

15.5

23.9

19.5

12.8

n/a

11.1

4.7

12.3

18.9

1967

10.4

8.9

29.1

19.2

11.1

n/a

5.6

8.2

13.8

19.8

1968

n/a

11.9

27.9

20.6

8.3

n/a

10.8

11.3

11.3

18.4

1969

n/a

11.9

31.0

21.3

10.8

n/a

7.7

8.1

9.9

20.7

1970

n/a

16.8

34.3

22.4

9.1

n/a

10.7

6.9

12.6

21.1

1971

n/a

9.8

14.5

24.0

6.7

n/a

11.1

11.1

15.6

24.7

1972

n/a

9.3

10.3

27.7

4.8

n/a

21.6

11.5

18.9

18.9

1973

n/a

12.6

22.8

34.5

10.1

n/a

38.8

12.2

18.2

28.1

1974

n/a

16.6

n/a

37.6

16.0

n/a

31.1

25.1

44.5

1975

n/a

16.5

n/a

20.9

14.4

n/a

31.2

26.7

36.9

1976

n/a

21.6

n/a

30.6

32.6

n/a

33.8

24.3

n/a

1977

n/a

22.0

n/a

27.3

31.4

n/a

28.2

36.8

n/a

1978

n/a

22.0

n/a

30.6

16.9

n/a

28.9

26.4

n/a

1979

n/a

13.4

n/a

27.0

14.5

n/a

24.5

23.9

n/a

1980

n/a

14.0

n/a

19.8

14.1

n/a

23.0

13.7

n/a

1981

n/a

18.4

n/a

13.6

15.1

n/a

24.6

15.4

n/a

1982

n/a

13.6

n/a

8.9

16.2

n/a

32.2

16.8

n/a

1983

n/a

17.1

n/a

11.6

26.6

n/a

22.6

19.5

n/a

1984

n/a

18.5

n/a

15.5

30.6

n/a

29.9

28.3

n/a

1985

n/a

18.5

n/a

12.3

6.4

n/a

29.7

36.3

n/a

1986

n/a

19.8

n/a

13.9

4.4

n/a

29.7

35.4

n/a

1987

n/a

22.4

n/a

20.2

2.8

n/a

26.8

n/a

39.7

n/a

1988

n/a

16.6

n/a

22.6

6.3

n/a

44.5

n/a

42.8

n/a

1989

n/a

17.8

n/a

21.4

10.9

n/a

48.2

n/a

45.9

n/a

(p.359)

Gray Mackenzie

Smith Mackenzie

Inchcape

Guthries

John Holt

Lonrho

Duncan Fox

Balfour Williamson

Jardine Matheson

Average

41.1

25.6

n/a

n/a

22.1

17.2

29.1

n/a

n/a

8.4

21.9

6.9

26.0

n/a

8.2

n/a

7.2

18.0

15.2

15.8

n/a

8.3

n/a

11.2

21.5

35.8

16.3

n/a

1.9

n/a

11.5

17.4

25.5

n/a

14.1

n/a

9.9

15.6

16.2

n/a

10.8

n/a

16.3

10.3

13.2

24.4

n/a

2.3

n/a

17.3

9.9

14.9

22.4

n/a

10.6

n/a

18.0

12.2

16.4

21.6

n/a

10.7

n/a

15.8

12.0

8.9

15.4

16.7

n/a

3.8

n/a

14.0

12.7

8.0

10.9

16.9

8.8

12.3

15.5

n/a

16.1

10.4

12.4

13.9

18.1

7.3

14.5

10.5

n/a

15.1

10.2

11.6

13.3

n/a

12.0

10.7

7.7

6.4

9.4

6.0

14.1

12.1

n/a

13.2

11.5

5.4

12.8

11.8

(0.8)

13.0

11.7

n/a

17.0

11.7

5.1

12.6

10.7

6.4

15.3

13.7

n/a

9.1

11.0

6.2

10.0

11.3

14.4

14.2

13.1

n/a

9.9

14.5

13.8

13.1

13.9

15.4

14.3

n/a

7.4

26.3

6.9

19.3

11.5

16.0

16.4

14.8

n/a

n/a

10.0

22.2

(4.9)

18.1

13.5

1.8

16.9

12.7

n/a

n/a

9.1

19.9

10.6

13.6

11.3

8.6

19.1

14.2

n/a

n/a

13.6

19.0

24.8

12.2

11.1

8.7

22.0

15.5

n/a

n/a

14.8

18.8

n/a

12.4

15.1

11.4

21.6

16.3

n/a

n/a

15.4

20.1

n/a

11.5

(22.8)

12.5

23.4

12.7

n/a

n/a

17.6

14.9

n/a

12.8

20.5

13.2

20.4

15.9

n/a

n/a

19.4

4.2

n/a

16.2

0.7

5.1

12.6

16.8

n/a

n/a

24.5

8.1

n/a

23.0

8.4

8.5

29.3

22.7

n/a

n/a

22.3

6.3

n/a

19.8

11.1

30.0

17.8

21.2

n/a

n/a

20.9

8.7

n/a

21.7

3.3

n/a

17.8

21.5

n/a

n/a

30.2

13.0

n/a

19.4

0.6

n/a

17.2

22.6

n/a

n/a

24.7

9.3

n/a

18.8

7.4

n/a

17.7

20.3

n/a

n/a

13.7

10.4

n/a

13.9

1.0

n/a

19.0

16.1

n/a

n/a

21.6

9.1

n/a

14.0

n/a

n/a

15.3

16.1

n/a

n/a

18.1

7.6

n/a

11.5

n/a

n/a

15.7

15.6

n/a

n/a

9.3

n/a

n/a

7.1

n/a

n/a

16.3

15.0

n/a

n/a

11.8

n/a

n/a

17.2

n/a

n/a

9.3

17.0

n/a

n/a

16.5

n/a

n/a

17.2

n/a

n/a

8.6

20.6

n/a

n/a

13.1

n/a

n/a

19.9

n/a

n/a

10.0

18.3

n/a

n/a

27.9

n/a

n/a

19.8

n/a

n/a

17.0

21.0

n/a

n/a

37.0

n/a

n/a

19.4

n/a

n/a

19.0

23.4

n/a

n/a

41.8

n/a

n/a

17.8

n/a

n/a

15.8

26.0

n/a

n/a

40.6

n/a

n/a

18.4

n/a

n/a

19.6

27.8

(p.360)

Borneo Co.

Swire's

Dodwells

H&C

Finlays

Brazilian Warrant

Wilson, Sons

UAC

Booker McConnell

Anglo‐Thai

1990

n/a

14.6

n/a

16.5

8.3

n/a

22.9

n/a

n/a

n/a

1991

n/a

12.4

n/a

10.9

9.1

n/a

14.8

n/a

n/a

n/a

1992

n/a

11.3

n/a

11.0

8.1

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1993

n/a

9.3

n/a

13.0

11.0

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1994

n/a

11.0

n/a

27.1

5.8

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1995

n/a

12.1

n/a

17.2

2.8

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1996

n/a

11.7

n/a

18.2

9.5

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1997

n/a

10.3

n/a

n/a

10.8

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1998

n/a

4.0

n/a

n/a

11.4

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a: not applicable

(p.361)

Gray Mackenzie

Smith Mackenzie

Inchcape

Guthries

John Holt

Lonrho

Duncan Fox

Balfour Williamson

Jardine Matheson

Average

n/a

n/a

35.2

n/a

n/a

17.0

n/a

n/a

19.2

19.1

n/a

n/a

33.5

n/a

n/a

14.3

n/a

n/a

18.5

16.2

n/a

n/a

34.0

n/a

n/a

5.3

n/a

n/a

17.0

14.4

n/a

n/a

31.0

n/a

n/a

12.1

n/a

n/a

14.9

15.2

n/a

n/a

30.5

n/a

n/a

8.1

n/a

n/a

15.3

16.3

n/a

n/a

2.6

n/a

n/a

11.1

n/a

n/a

12.9

9.8

n/a

n/a

10.5

n/a

n/a

7.4

n/a

n/a

9.0

11.0

n/a

n/a

9.7

n/a

n/a

16.7

n/a

n/a

8.9

11.3

n/a

n/a

(43.1)

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

4.6

(5.8)