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The Church in Ancient SocietyFrom Galilee to Gregory the Great$
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Henry Chadwick

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246953

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246955.001.0001

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A Fiasco at Serdica

A Fiasco at Serdica

(p.240) 32 A Fiasco at Serdica
The Church in Ancient Society

Henry Chadwick

Oxford University Press

The council held at Serdica (modern Sofia) in the 340s on the initiative of the emperors Constans and Constantius II was meant to be an ecumenical gathering, but split into an eastern synod and a western synod, meeting separately. The emperors' plans for reconciliation were destroyed by western intransigence and the eastern refusal to hold communion with Athanasius and Marcellus. The western statement of faith exacerbated disagreement on the nature of the Trinity and the authority of Rome. A synod at Milan in 345 confirmed that for Rome and the west the Nicene Creed had become the crucial test of orthodoxy.

Keywords:   Athanasius, Council of Serdica, Rome, Synod of Milan, Trinitarian doctrine

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