Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Church in Ancient SocietyFrom Galilee to Gregory the Great$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Henry Chadwick

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246953

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246955.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 23 March 2019

Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and the Council of Nicaea

Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and the Council of Nicaea

Chapter:
(p.190) 28 Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and the Council of Nicaea
Source:
The Church in Ancient Society
Author(s):

Henry Chadwick

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199246955.003.0029

The new situation created by the rise to sole power of a Christian emperor was seen by many Christians as fulfilment of the prophecy that God's word would spread throughout the civilized world but raised new questions about the unity of the Church. The Divine Institutes by Lactantius was directed against pagan philosophers and stressed the need for education about Christianity to put an end to persecution, while Eusebius of Caesarea wrote a panegyric of Constantine and about the superiority of biblical religion over paganism. However, the ‘subordinationist’ theology of Arius raised the fundamental problem of the Christian doctrine of God and was viewed by Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, as a heresy for which toleration was not possible. The Council of Nicaea in 325, the largest assembly of bishops yet gathered, produced the Nicene Creed, the effects of which divided the eastern Church. It would now be taken as axiomatic that dissenters were to be excluded from the Church, without any minority rights.

Keywords:   Arianism, Arius, Constantine, Council of Nicaea, Eusebius of Caesarea, Lactantius, Nicene Creed

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .