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The Kosovo ReportConflict, International Response, Lessons Learned$

Independent International Commission on Kosovo

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199243099

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199243093.001.0001

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(p.324) Annex 4 The Ahtisaari‐Chernomyrdin Agreement—A Summary

(p.324) Annex 4 The Ahtisaari‐Chernomyrdin Agreement—A Summary

Source:
The Kosovo Report
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

The agreement — or peace plan — was presented on 3 June 1999 to the FRY leadership by Finland's President Martti Ahtisaari, representing the European Union, and Viktor Chernomyrdin, the Russian president's special representative. It was accepted by both the federal government of FRY and the Serbian assembly, and formed the basis for the detailed provisions of UN Security Council Resolution 1244 adopted on 10 June 1999.

It is a short document listing the ten principles necessary for an agreement to be reached. The principles are summarized as follows:

  1. 1 An immediate and verifiable end to violence and repression in Kosovo.

  2. 2 The rapid withdrawal of military, police and paramilitary forces.

  3. 3 An international civil and security presence under the auspices of the UN.

  4. 4 Substantial NATO participation in the security presence, under a unified command and control, authorised to establish a safe environment for all people in Kosovo and facilitate the return of all displaced persons and refugees.

  5. 5 An interim administration “under which the people of Kosovo can enjoy substantial autonomy within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia”.

  6. 6 A small, agreed number (“hundreds, not thousands” according to a footnote) of Yugoslav and Serbian personnel may return to liase with the international mission, to mark/clear minefields and to maintain a presence at Serb patrimonial sites and border crossings.

  7. 7 Safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons under UNHCR supervision.

  8. 8 A process towards an interim framework agreement providing for substantial self‐government, taking full account of the Rambouillet accords, the principles of FRY sovereignty and the demilitarisation of the UCK.

  9. 9 A comprehensive approach to economic development and stabilization of the region, including a stability pact for southeastern Europe.

  10. 10 The rapid conclusion of a military‐technical agreement, which will specify, among other things, procedures for withdrawal and modalities for personnel returning in accordance with principle 6. The withdrawal shall be completed within seven days; air defence weapons shall be withdrawn within 48 hours outside a 25‐kilometre safety zone.