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The Kosovo ReportConflict, International Response, Lessons Learned$

Independent International Commission on Kosovo

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199243099

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199243093.001.0001

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(p.319) Annex 2 Kosovo—Facts and Figures

(p.319) Annex 2 Kosovo—Facts and Figures

The Kosovo Report
Oxford University Press


10,887 square kilometres (12.3% of Serbian Republic)

Population 1981 (latest census):

1.9 million (175/sq.km)

77.5% Albanians

13.2% Serbs

3.7% (Bosnian and Montenegrin) Muslims

2.2% Roma

1.7% Montenegrins

0.8% Turks

1.1% Others

Population 1998 (est.):

2.2 million (>200/sq.km)

90% Albanians

7% Serbs


Albanian, Serbian


Islam, Serbian Orthodox

Administrative status:

De jure province in the Serbian republic of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). Enjoyed a certain degree of autonomy within Serbia during 1974–90.

De facto under interim UN administration since June 1999.

Province capital:

Prishtina/Pristina (more than 300,000 inhabitants)

Other major cities:

Prizren/Prizren (70,000), Peje/Pec (60,000), Mitrovice/Kosovska Mitrovica/ (58,000), Gjakove/Djakovica (46,000), Gjilan/Gnjilane (40,000)

Pre‐war GDP≤/capita:

USD 400 (est., not accounting for the large informal sector). About one third of the average GDP/capita in FRY.

Natural resources:

Lead and zinc (mines at Trepce/Trepca), copper, silver, gold, brown coal

Agricultural products:

Wheat, corn

Major rivers:

Sitnica, Drini i Bardh/Beli Drim

Highest mountain:

Gjeravica, 2522 meters