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Oxford Handbook of International Business$
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Alan M. Rugman and Thomas L. Brewer

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241828

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199241821.001.0001

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International Trade Theory and International Business

(p.69) Chapter 3 International Trade Theory and International Business
Oxford Handbook of International Business

James R. Markusen

Oxford University Press

The aim of this chapter is to acquaint researchers in the field of international business with recent research in the field of international trade, which is beginning to incorporate aspects of international business and multinational firms into the general‐equilibrium trade models that are the tools of analysis of international trade. The typical endogenous variables in general‐equilibrium trade models are described, and a simple knowledge‐capital model of the multinational enterprise (MNE) is presented. This model offers testable hypotheses about the relationship between the pattern of multinational investment and country characteristics. Some empirical results are presented from the model, which incorporate these hypotheses. The results indicate that the model should be useful for policy analysis and positive analysis of MNEs.

Keywords:   general‐equilibrium models, international business, international trade, knowledge‐capital models, multinational enterprises

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