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Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries$
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Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199240920

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199240922.001.0001

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Any Way out of ‘Exit from Work’? Reversing the Entrenched Pathways of Early Retirement

Any Way out of ‘Exit from Work’? Reversing the Entrenched Pathways of Early Retirement

Chapter:
(p.511) 11 Any Way out of ‘Exit from Work’? Reversing the Entrenched Pathways of Early Retirement
Source:
Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries
Author(s):

Bernhard Ebbinghaus (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199240922.003.0011

After the first oil‐price crisis, many (but not all) OECD countries used early retirement as an adaptation to industrial restructuration, mass unemployment, the social needs of older workers, and the employment needs of young and female job seekers. As the costs of an increasingly inactive population rose, however, while expected employment effects failed to materialize, reformers sought to reverse the course of ‘welfare without work’. Besides blocking the pathways of early retirement, disability, and long‐term unemployment, welfare states are now stressing new forms of part‐time pension, extension, and equalization of normal pension age, and they are trying to shift responsibilities and costs to individuals and firms.

Keywords:   disability, early retirement, oil‐price crisis, older workers, part‐time pensions, pension age, responsibility, restructuring, unemployment

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